A. Amending the Constitution
A.Amending the Constitution
Accordingto article V of the United States constitution, there are four waysand steps of amending the constitution. One of the ways of amendingis through a vote by the House of Representative and The Senate. Thisis the most often used methods and the most common method of changingthe constitution of the land. To amend the constitution, the proposedamendments must be debated and passed by the two houses, with atwo-thirds majority. The bill is then passed state legislature andincorporated into the laws.
Thesecond way is through the convention of the states. If two-thirds ofthe states pass a resolution to amend the constitution through theirlegislatures, a national convention is called to amend the law. Thethird way is through the 21st Amendment. This amendment changed the18th amendment on alcohol, but the amendments must also pass throughthe congress with three-fourths majority. The fourth way of amendingthe constitution is through a proposal approved by half-dozen ofstates such as the 27th amendment. This amendment was initiated byJames Madison in 1789 and was approved in 1992. This method took along time and is not a common or practical way of amending theconstitution.
B.Electing the President
Theprocess of electing the president in the United States starts withparty politics as the political parties lobby and deliberates to getpresidential candidates. For instance, the 2016 presidential electionhas already being warmed up by the two major parties as they seektheir nomination candidates. Once the interested parties showinterest, the political parties actively engage in the nominations inorder to select their presidential candidates through the partyprimaries. All this time, candidates are trying to raise campaignmoney for the upcoming elections. Currently, politicians are lobbyingfor this 2016 candidature of their parties through speeches andpromises.
Afterthe nominations, each party helps the winning candidate to raisefinance and run a coordinated campaign for the presidency againstother parties. The period of big campaigns is marked when the twomain parties present their candidates and engage in vibrantpoliticking that ends during the vote. The 2016 vote that will bedone in the fall of 2016 will determine the president as the one whowins the contest. Since the United States uses the Electoral Collegeto vote the president, the candidate who gets the majority. However,the candidate must receive the majority of more than half of theelectoral votes.
Thelegislative process in the United States starts with the introductionof a bill by any member of the congress. The person or legislatorswho introduce the proposed law become the sponsors of the bill. Thebill is sent to a committee who determine whether it is worth hearingby accepting or rejecting the proposed law. The chairman of thecommittee sends the bill to the floor of the house by writing areport of the committee. The report by the chairman of the committeeis prepared to give the intentions of the bill and its impact on thecountry and on the existing laws.
Atthe floor of the house, the bill is debated through the guidance ofthe speaker to the house and the leader of majority. Several rulesguide the process of debating and the determination of a fully a billas fully debated. The bill is then entered into a vote, where membersof the house show their final support or otherwise on the bill. If itpasses, the bill is presented to the senate, where it undergoes asimilar process of debate of and is voted. If the Senate passes thebill, it is passed to a conference for minor changes and passed tothe president to sign it into law. If the president refuses, theSenate votes by a two-thirds majority to pass the bill into law.
D.The Elastic Clause
TheUnited States constitution is still relevant to the current worldbecause it was made in anticipation for changes in the world. Theformulators of the constitution included provisions for changes inthe constitution and wrote the constitution for the future world andnot the world then. They therefore gave the legislature the powers tomake new laws and amend the existing ones in the constitution.However, the constitution is careful to give limitations of theseprovisions to avoid abuse of the constitution. However, the world haschanged and keeps on changing with the embrace of the information ageand globalization. Therefore, the country needs a constitution thatis continually relevant to the current world.
Despitethat, the constitution is still relevant to the current generationand the generations to come despite its old age. One of the reasonsfor this is regular updating of the necessary clauses to fit thecurrent environment. It is important to note that the social,economic and political environment is extremely dynamic with time.Therefore, the constitution needs to be updated through thelegislature in order to be relevant to the changing times. This isparticularly important for the economic laws that guide businessinteractions in the country. As a result, the constitution is notmade obsolesce as the country grows.