American History Spanish American War Number

AmericanHistory: SpanishAmerican War

Number:

AmericanHistory: SpanishAmerican War

Atthe time of the Spanish American War the United States went fromrelative isolation to increased global involvement because of (I),seek for economic power, and political stability, and to protecttheir investment in Cuba. (ii) Change from isolation foreignpolicies, and (iii), seeking world dominance. The consequences ofthis increased global involvement on American society were (IV),change in country’s policies, and the adoption of imperialism (v),improved economic activity, which led to better living standards.This paper addresses the cause of the Spanish war, as well as itsimpact to the American people.

TheAmerican policy makers had no other choice other than to change theirpolicies in reference to global participation. The country changedits policies becoming an imperial power. They adopted policies whichwere meant to protect their territories through aggressive expansionand indulging in international affairs. The isolation policy came toan end as United States adopted the policy to expand its impact tothe rest of the world (America changed from isolation into aninternational role player). Through its search for recognition, thecountry indulged in conflicts with other nations especially thecolonies such as Spain which had already established and colonizedother countries. The period before the eruption of the war wasdefined by a policy of non-intervention (the isolation). This iswhereby the United States never bothered with what other nations orcolonies were doing. Instead the country chose to isolate itself fromthe global matters. Accruing to one of the leaders during before thetime of Spanish war, he emphasized on the position of the Americansas limited to economic ties and not political aspects with othernations (Empire and its Discontents, 2015).

Comparedto other European power houses, United States chose not to indulge inother countries affairs. However, the isolation principle didn’tprevent the United States from being recognized in the world stage.The war demonstrated the United States move towards imperialism(taking of colonies). This shift in policy in United States was ashock to other nations as United States had chosen to avoid theEuropean colonial habit (Miller, 2011). The need to change itspolicies, led the United States to war.

TheAmericans wanted to expand their market for their increased producedgoods, and the Latin American nations provided market for theirproduce. Due to increased industrialization, the Americans increasedtheir production, and in turn needed new market for their increasedproduction. The war offered a way into the Latin American market, andhence the reason for their participation. In addition, this was alsoincreased by the Americans goals to increase their economic stabilityand dominance in the region. During the Spanish American war, therewas rapid economic growth and industrialization and the United Stateswanted to expand its economic powers to other regions (Empire and itsDiscontents, 2015). The Americans leadership wanted to increase theirdevelopment in terms of infrastructure as well as expansion of theirmilitary. The economic stability was taken as an ingredient toimprove their military scope, as well as people’s living standardsthrough economic activities. Additionally, the Americans wanted toprotect their investments in Cuba. Before the declaration for war,the Americans had invested in Cuba, and in turn the need to protecttheir investments and establishment in the country, led to war withthe Spanish colonies (Offer,2013).

Americanleaders quest to make united states a force to reckon with globally,contributed to indulgence in the Spanish war. Through gaining anupper hand economically, politically, and the change of the country’spolicy, US flexed their muscle into world affairs. Throughacquisition of Cuba, united states become a world force to reckonwith. The country overthrew the Spanish powers from cubs, and in turnrecognized as a world power. Oneof the most immediate results of the war is territory changing hands.The Treaty of Paris was the treaty signed to end the war. Thissignified the end of Spain’s dominance and control of the regionssuch as Puerto Rico and Cuba. The US on the other hand, becomes thenew controller of the regions. Hence there were territorialacquisitions or changing hands, from Spain to US controlled. Spainrelinquished its world power to the Americans, while the countriessuch as Cubans gained independence. This was a positive gain for theCubans, due to the fact that, the Spanish American war initiated bytheir quest for independence. This change of territories from Spainto US elevated United States to become a world recognized power(Miller,2011).

Consequencesof the Spanish American War

Theconsequences on American society of this expansion were increasedeconomic activities among the Americans. The expansion and takingover of Cuba by the Americas, opened up new and ready market fortheir factory produces. The country experienced increased economicactivities which in turn led to improved infrastructure connectingthe United States and the rest of the regions in Latin America suchas Cuba and Puerto Rico (Offer, 2013). The increased economicactivity, on the other had led to improved living standards of theAmericans. The acquisition of newterritories served as a tangible indicator of the growing power ofthe United States in terms of politics, military and economic power.These developments increased the Americans confidence in the globalfunctions such as economic activates. There were different factorsthat contributed to the United States gaining assertiveness andconfidence which elected them to a major political player in theworld. The Americans had to consider their role in the foreign andglobal involvement as it protected its national interest. The surgein the country’s economy led to increased factory productions, asit stimulated both domestic and international commerce of US(Gleijeses, 2003).

Inaddition Americans throughout the nation felt the impact of the warthrough the change of their country’s foreign policy. Theadoption of the imperialism policy by the Americans brought alongdivided views towards the policy by the Americans. There are thosewho supported the new imperialism adopted by the US, while othersopposed this development (anti-imperialism). There was a disagreementamong the Americans in United States about whether the country shouldadopt the imperialistic role in the world. The war had forced theAmericans to adopt a new policy/era, imperialism. The opposingAmericans to this development formed a new wave referred to as theanti-imperialist movement (Hendrickson,2003). At one point, the warbrought together the once enemies, that is the northern and thesouthern region. This is due to the fact, the two had a common enemy,and in turn had to unite and fight the enemy, who was the Spanishpowers this time. The victory of the United States in the Spanish warelevated the country to an imperial power. Many of the Americansviewed this as a positive development and a way for their countrynatural manifest. The Americans believed the expansion of UnitedStates was both inevitable and right (Bracarense, 2012).

TheSpanish war can be regarded as the turning point for the unitedstates to become a world power, which in turn led to the believe bythe Americans, to be more important globally, than other colonies.Despite the achievement by the United States in the war, there was anunintended consequence which was the creation or the initiation ofthe Philippine-American-war. In addition, United States lost a numberof its soldiers through the diseases such as the yellow fever whichkilled more soldiers than the war itself. These negative impacts ofthe war were a worrying trend to the American citizens which draggedtheir development in terms of infrastructure (Rockoff,2012).The Americans triumphed in the war in an easy manner and in turngained new territories to possess, increasing their globalresponsibilities. The most result of the consequence of the SpanishAmerican war is that, the country emerged as a budding world power.It’s clear evident that, the Spanish American war brought a massivechange to United States, Spain as well as to the Cuba and the likes.Additionally, the U.S government goals and objective sin the war wereachieved, as they managed to secure the Cuban independence from theSpanish powers. From the achievements and the outcomes of the war, itcan be concluded that, the Americans and the United States, prosperedtremendously from this war.

References

AmericanExperience, Woodrow Wilson. Retrieved on 9thFeb. 2015. From

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/

Empireand its Discontents. Chapter 3, TheSpanish American War.Retrieved on 9thFeb 2015.

Fromhttp://msu.grtep.com/index.cfm/ushistory/page/3

Fiddian,R. (2002). Under Spanish Eyes: Late Nineteenth-Century PostcolonialViews Of

SpanishAmerican Literature.&nbspModernLanguage Review,&nbsp97(1),83-93.

Gleijeses,P. (2003). 1898: The opposition to the Spanish-American war.&nbspJournalOf Latin

AmericanStudies,&nbsp35(4),681-719.

Hendrickson,K. E. (2003).&nbspTheSpanish-American War.Westport (Connecticut: Greenwood

Press.

Miller,B. M. (2011). The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War.&nbspJournalof American

History,&nbsp98(3),948-949

Rockoff,H. (2012).&nbspAmerica`seconomic way of war: War and the US economy from the

Spanish-AmericanWar to the first Gulf War.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

ModernHistory Sourcebook:&nbspAmericanAnti-Imperialist League, 1899. Retrieved on 12thFeb

2015.From: http://legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1899antiimp.asp

Offer,A. (2013). America`s economic way of war: war and the US economy fromthe Spanish-

AmericanWar to the Persian Gulf War.EconomicHistory Review,&nbsp66(4),1223-1224.

Bracarense,N. M. (2012). Development Theory and the Cold War: The Influence ofPolitics on

LatinAmerican Structuralism.&nbspReviewOf Political Economy,&nbsp24(3),375-398.

WilliamMcKinley:&nbspTheAcquisition of the Philippines. Retrievedon 12thFeb 2015. From:

https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/mkinly3.htm

Treatyof Peace Between the United States and Spain December 10, 1898.Retrieved on 12th

Feb,2015. From: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/sp1898.asp

Related Posts

© All Right Reserved