American History Student`s



Whenwe go back into history, at around 1500s to 1600s, there was no muchdifference in way that people lived. Many countries were eager tomagnify their economy so as to be on top of other countries. Duringthose times, Spain and England kingdoms had the best taskforces thanother monarchies in the whole world. There were on and off skirmishesbetween these two empires since each one of them was fighting to bethe best. Despite the fact that England and Spain had their ownconflicts, both of them had a strong urge of seeing new developedthings and that is why they both discovered distinct parts of the‘New World’. This led into them colonizing the Americans. Theexperiences of the major colonial empires in North America differedfrom one another because of the hunger of all of them wanting to bethe best [ CITATION Eli06 l 1033 ].Theera of European exploration and colonization in terms of overthrowand takeover led to various empires of colonialism to differ in agreat way. This was not only experienced in economic facets, butpolitical and religious as well. The natural history of traditionalinteraction and change in England differed from area to area, and canbe trailed to Europe`s dissimilar colonizing approaches and theresponse of the current native inhabitants [ CITATION Eli06 l 1033 ].

Themonarchies of England and Spain differed economically, in familystructure, religion, environment and relations to Indians thuscreating distinctive colonial societies. In 1588, England defeatedthe Spanish Armada and this deterred Spanish emperors from followingsettlement all along the Atlantic Coast. The Spanish Empire insteaddirected its concentration to northwest for colonization [ CITATION Eli06 l 1033 ].Voyagerby the name Cabeza de Vaca hoped to cultivate a more serene as wellas open-minded Spanish dogma towards Indians by publishing hisvoyages. Nevertheless, his stories of the Seven Cities of Goldsteeredto disreputable Coronado voyages, which eventually led the Spanishinto the terrain of the Pueblos and Great Plains which was at the endnorth [ CITATION Eli06 l 1033 ].

Spainand England as well used religious talk as a way to establish andappease their opponents. There was the influence of the CatholicChurch that was involved with ‘Reconquista’for Spaniards. This made them guess that the people of Caribbeanwould convert to Christianity with no much difficulty [ CITATION Eli06 l 1033 ].In 1510, the Spaniards had come up with a document called‘Requerimiento’to show that they had a right of defeat. This document was shown toshown to native people. There were missions which Spanish monarchused to expand its Empire. At this point, the rules of Spain createdtoo much a conflict between the Indians and Spaniards. Insofar asthey included Catholic doctrines in their teachings, they stillupheld many facets of their ancient routine. A century of Spanishregime gave the Indians protection from their adversaries, many newtools and crops, and spiritual guidance. They only used it when theyneeded something in return. Indians resisted the way of Spanishmonarchy due to the way they wanted to diminish their culture [ CITATION Eli06 l 1033 ].Columbusintroduced other ways of living such as mining silver and gold whichearned much wealth for Spain. Apart from horse and other livestock,Native Americans changed their way of life which was basicallythrough farming potatoes and corn which ultimately altered America’senvironment forever (Kolchin,1993).

Englandhad a hard time conquering native populace thus shunning the Indians.The connection between the colonists Jamestown and the PowhatanConfederacy augured the intricate relations between Indians andEnglish in the Colonial Epoch. The English accepted Indian Fishingpractices and absorbed how arming fruitful crops. Nevertheless, inspite of the interactions, the traditional and ethnic integrationseen in the Spanish colonies was not generally replicated in theEnglish colonies (Kolchin, 1993).


Cobbs-Hoffman, E. (2006). Major Problems in American History, Vol 1. Houghton: Houghton Mifflin 2 edition.

Kolchin, P. (1993). American Slavery, 1619–1877. New York: Hill and Wang, pp. 79–81

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