Assignment 2 Research Proposal

Assignment2: Research Proposal

Assignment2: Research Proposal

Topic:Should Transport security (TSA) be changed?

Theformation of the Transport Security Administration intended to securethe American security sector from the consequences of any securitybreaches. Of critical concern was the aviation industry and that wason the spotlight in the aftermath of September 11(UnitedStates, Government Accountability Office, 2006). The agency’s role was primarily to inform the travellingpublic so that persons can sound decisions in terms of transitsecurity. The TSA has failed in all these roles as a result ofinefficiencies arising huge spending to execute federal transportregulations. The TSA is part of the entire bloated regulatory budgetof the United States that currently stands at $710 billion(Goldenkoff,UnitedStates. Congress,2005).

Reasonsfor Selecting the Topic

  1. The transport sector needs radical changes because it is increasingly becoming unsustainable because the agency needs a lot of resources to deliver its mandate.

  2. It takes a very long time before it performs some functions. The primary reason for the formation of the agency was actually to regulate and expedite the operations in the sectors in a secure and lawful manner.

Characteristicsof the Audience

Theaudience of the proposal is the government of the United States. Inthe current legal framework the federal government through the TSAhas the powers to oversee the security and regulate the transportsector. The terrorist attacks of 2001 bolstered the government’spower to oversee transport security (Frederickson &amp LaPorte,2002). Consequently, the transport sector experienced major changesthat increased government bureaucracy in regulation the transportsector. The commissioners on the TSA make security decisions for thetransport sector (United States of America Congressional Record,2010). The government should consider scrapping the TSA to reduceregulatory spending. The alternative is to allow the private sectorto take the regulatory framework of the transport sector. This doesnot mean that the government will keep off transportation matters.The government will monitor the private institutions by ensuring thatthey comply with transportation security laws. The government shouldbe in charge of setting legal standards for monitoring, approvingvehicles, planes, trains, ships, ferries, and other means ofpropulsion arbitration in the vent of the disputes andcertification (Gkritza, Niemeier, &amp Mannering, 2006).

CurrentView on the Topic

Thecurrent view about transport security is that government is the onlytrustworthy body to deal with security in the transport sector(Seifert, 2004). The common argument is based on the mandate thecongress has from the public and the executive’s commitment to dealwith terrorism. However, if the cost of regulation surpasses thebenefits of the process, it calls for radical reforms that ensure thepublic get quality services commensurate to the investments intransport security.

Scopeof the Research Paper

Thepaper supports its thesis from both primary and secondary sources.The data used is from government reports on federal regulation from1977 to 2014. The primary focus is the cost of regulatory measuresthat aim to enhance transport security. The paper will demonstratethat these costs were still high including periods when the UnitedStates suffered attacks arising from transport security breaches.

Majorsections of the paper


Themethod of collecting data was simply making references of securityspending data from the Department of transportation.


Theresults of the findings are the inferential outcomes of the trends asdepicted by official data from the transport sector.


Thefindings are the basis of the discussion that supports the view thatTSA should changed to oversee private regulation rather than be adirect regulator of the transport sector.

References:The primary sources are mainly official documents from the UnitedStates Department of Transport. The secondary sources are journalarticles and books with a similar reform perspective on transportsecurity.



UnitedStates, Government Accountability Office(2006). Aviation security Secure Flight development and testing underway, but risks should be managed as system is further developed :reportto congressional committees.DIANEPublishing

RobertGoldenkoff,UnitedStates. Congress(2005). AviationSecurity: TSA¿sChange to Its Prohibited Items List Has Not Resulted in Any ReportedSecurity Incidents, But the Impact of the Change on Screening Oper.Is Inconclusive.DIANE Publishing

UnitedStates of America Congressional Record (2010). Government PrintingOffice


Frederickson,H. G., &amp LaPorte, T. R. (2002). Airport security, highreliability, and the problem of rationality. PublicAdministration Review,62(s1),33-43.

Gkritza,K., Niemeier, D., &amp Mannering, F. (2006). Airport securityscreening and changing passenger satisfaction: An exploratoryassessment. Journalof Air Transport Management,12(5),213-219.

Seifert,J. W. (2004). Data mining: An overview. Nationalsecurity issues,201-217.

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