Class Discussion Pneumonia, Lung Abscess, and Aspiration

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ClassDiscussion:Pneumonia, Lung Abscess,andAspiration

ClassDiscussion:Pneumonia, Lung Abscess,andAspiration

Differencesbetween Pneumonia andAtelectasis

Atelectasisrefersto collapseof thelungs as a resultofthe imbalancein thegasexchange,whilePneumoniarefersto theinflammationof thelungs as a resultof viral, bacterial, orothertypesof infection.

Abscess

Abscessrefersto a collectionora build up of puswithin thebodytissue.Abscessdiffersfrom pneumoniain two ways.First,Abscess is causedby aerobic bacteria only,whilepneumoniaiscausedby multiplepathogens, includingbacteria andvirus.Secondly,abscesspresentswith mildgradefever,wetcough,andsmellingsputum among othermildsymptoms,whilepneumoniapresentswith moderateto severesymptoms,includingbreathingdifficultiesandpainin thechest.

Aspiration

Aspirationrefersto theentryof substances(suchas drinksorfood)from thegastrointestinal tractto lowerrespiratory tractorlarynx. Aspirationis a dangerousprocessthat can resultin primaryas wellas secondaryinjuriesin therespiratory system,bacterial pneumonia,acuteobstructionof theairway, ordeath.

Typesof lung cancer

Thereare three majorcategoriesof lung cancer.Thesmallcellcanceroccurswhenlung cellsare filledwith nuclearandappearsmallunder themicroscope.Itis mainlycausedby smoking.Non-small cellcanceroccurswhenlung cellsappearto be underdeveloped.Threetypesof cancersunder thiscategoryincludesquamous cellcarcinoma (attackcellsliningtheairway), adenocarcinoma (attackcellsthat producemucusalong theairways), andlargecellcarcinoma (makesthelung cellsappearlarge,rounded, andundifferentiated).Mesothelioma is a cancerthat affectsthelungs’ covering,anditaffectspeoplewhoareexposedto asbestos.

Peoplewith lung cancer

AlthoughIhave nevertakencareof a patientsufferingfrom lung cancer,Iknowseveralpeoplesufferingfrom thisdeadlydisease.

Treatment,complications,andprognosisof lung cancer

Lungcancercan be treatedusinga singleora combinationof procedures.Someof thecommontreatmentsincludechemotherapy, surgery,andradiotherapy. Lungcancercausesa widerangeofcomplications,includingshortnessof breath,painin thelungs, coughingblood,pleural effusion,andmetastasis. Smokingiscurrently recognizedas theleadingcauseof lung cancer.Othercausesmay includeexposureto asbestos, passivesmoking,water,andairpollution.

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