Genderequity change over time
Genderand sex are two words that are often used interchangeably. However,the two words are so different in meaning and use despite the closerelationship. Sex is the aspect of being male or female and is abiological phenomenon. On the other hand, Gender refers to the roles,behavior and activities associated with either men or women as aresult of consensus by a given society. Since a change is inevitable,gender role has also taken shape and change as other aspects of lifechange. Technology and innovation have contributed a huge input indetermining the pace of and necessity for change in the gender roles.This paper aims at establishing the events that have taken place inthe big journey of gender equity and equality for joint prosperity ofthe society.
Body(Analysis of the Situation)
Genderequity worldwide has and continues to be a hard fought war. Womenhave been the victims of circumstances probably because of thetraditional mentality that had been held for too long. Men werebelieved to be superior and their decision was final. In the UnitedStates, around 1962, a survey by the Michigan University revealedthat women generally accepted that men were the ultimate decisionmakers on household decisions. Three decades that followed saw aparadigm in the gender equality championing to the extent ofrevolution mechanism. Indeed, it produced the result because manywomen got in domestic decision while their male counterparts engagedin the other role beyond the home. In the 1990’s, nevertheless, thenotion started to change and over 65% of ladies went back to theformer ideology (COONTZ).
Whyis gender an issue of concern? A look at a number of factorscontributing to the gender alienation will help understand theprogress that has been made in the campaign of gender equity. Thefirst factor is the traditional belief held by many differentsocieties around the world. The work of a woman was strictlyrestricted to household chores while men are the sole breadwinners.As a result, women did not have any say about how the income would bespent and that is under the jurisdiction of the ‘man of the house’as it is put forward. Tradition and culture still rule supreme inmajority of the third-class country and more so Africa. Men wouldeven go a step higher and demand a woman to do her role and thismeans violence in not inevitable in such circumstances. In SouthAfrica, the apartheid regime for instance suppressed the black maleand hence could not exercise their cultural gender role. When thereign was over, the male has to use violence to regain their positionin the society.
Educationis the other avenue that is used to instigate gender inequality.Women did not have a chance to gain formal education and, therefore,would not have the requisite qualification to apply and fit theoffice work. The only role they played in society building was toundertake the household responsibilities. This also ensured thatwomen depend on men wholeheartedly for the life requirements. Themost affected areas in the world are the poorest countries in theworld. The girl-child is never given priority in case limitedresources because cultural norms do favor boys in the society. In thesub-Saharan Africa, other factors that hinder the development of girlchild education included adolescent marriage, child labor and genderviolation characterized by the female genital mutilation. Rich anddeveloped countries are getting out of this and more and more girlsare participating in education apart from a few countries.
Participationin governance and leadership has also been limited to men. Forinstance, in the history of the United States of America, no singlewoman has risen to the position of the presidency. Is it that thewomen of America cannot put on the mantle and lead American to evengreater heights? In fact, it was not until 1920 that the federalgovernment established a law to allow women the right to vote. Menwere assumed to be the representatives of ladies hence no need toparticipate in an election. In Asia, countries such as the SaudiArabia does not allow female to vote (Walsh).The sharia law which governs the conduct does not even allow femalesto participate in the roles traditionally purported to belong to themales. No single Muslim country has females in the highest ranks ofauthority for a country. In general, however, very few countries inthe world have the head of state as a female and they are notable.The queen of England who is the official head of state for Britainand Australia, the current chancellor of German and the president ofLiberia in Africa. The other aspect is that women are not involved ininnovation and economic building. Some of the notable innovations inthe world are as a result of the women efforts. The famous Lady Adawas among the first programmers to have emerged in the world (theguardian).
Theextent of gender disparity, alienation and inequity forced manyrevolutionists to emerge so that a woman should be treated just asthe male. Access to education has to be achieved by the mostsuccessful nations of the world economically. The poor countriesremain very poor in this regard and, even though, their governmentrecognizes the need and urgency to put measures to implement genderequity, the progress is stalled. United Nations, under its affiliate,United Nations Fund (UNICEF) plays a major role in empoweringeducation for a girl child in developing countries. Other programsare also aimed at empowering older women so that they can be able toparticipate in domestic production and awareness on their rights andresponsibilities in the society. This way, the women areparticipating in development and income earning other than thetraditional house-keeping (Unicef.org).
Womenalso want to be given equal chances to participate in the career oftheir choice and be given the same amount of compensation for thesame task and responsibility. Although women were given a chance toparticipate in employment opportunities, they remained low in thecompensation scale. The ladies performed similar tasks and to someextent better than men but received less compensation simply becausethey are females. Mechanisms have been put in place by many employersto offered compensation based on performance. Managerial positionsare nowadays been occupied by females. In Africa, participation byladies in leadership is very limited despite legislation beingenacted to affect the same. Rwanda and Uganda are probably the onlyto have a majority of women representative in parliament (Kelkar).
Insport and entertainment, women had been on the sideline for a longtime. The major sports leagues are only male dominated. Reflecting onthe same, sports’ is a major income earner for many people in theworld. All gender should be given resources and education on theopportunities. Many developed countries are doing this although womenparticipation is limited. The most famous sporting event is the FifaWorld Cup and probably Olympics. The female world cup does notattract attention due to the mentality that it is a thing for themale. In Africa and other third world countries, women participationis almost non-existence and in some Muslim dominant countries it iseven a crime to participate in sports if you are a lady. Talent is,therefore, hindered from developing due to archaic and outrageouscultures and believes. It is a good progress to realize an emergencyof such football league for women and the yet famous sevens rugby forladies (News24).
Genderequity is a milestone that started a long time ago and continues tobe realized. Many factors have led to the unfortunate acts of genderdisparity and include inequality in job opportunities andcompensation and traditional cultural beliefs. The developing andthird world countries have the largest incidences of gender inequitythan their counterparts in the developed countries. Many governmentshave realized that there is gender inequity and something ought to bedone in order realize gender equity in the world. The slow pace ofimplementing strategies aimed at achieving gender equity is the maincause of accomplishing this noble task. Is it because it is in mostcases handled by men? All in all, recognizing the need for genderequity is sufficient prove that the world is committed to realizinggender equity.
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