Death Penalty

DeathPenalty

DeathPenalty

Question1

Deathpenalty is an effective crime deterrent measure whose benefitsoutweigh the negative effects. The penalty incapacitates and removesthe most dangerous criminals in the society, which improves safety ofthe society (Schmalleger, 2012). In addition, the death penalty is aneffective form of retribution where the criminal is subjected to apunishment that is equivalent to the crime committed. In most cases,the death penalty is awarded for suspects of murder and othersignificant crimes (such as rape, treason, kidnapping, torture, andlarceny) that make death the only equivalent punishment. Apart fromthe direct impact that the death penalty has on the criminal, itimparts fear in potential criminals, thus deterring crime in thesociety. Although the opponents of the death penalty make a genuineargument that innocent people might be subjected to the deathpenalty, the law provides a chance for appeals where innocentconvicts are exonerated. Moreover, enhancing the safety of thesociety by eliminating dangerous criminals in the society outweighsthe cost of executing the death penalty.

Althoughthe death penalty is an effective crime deterrent tool, the criminaljudicial system has been recommending the death penalty for BlackAmerican compared to their white counterparts who commits similarmistakes. For example, a study has shown that jurors in the UnitedStates recommend the death penalty for African Americans three timesmore than the white criminals (Roberts, 2008). This suggests that thedeath penalty is racially biased.

Question2

Deathpenalty deters crime by eliminating criminals from the society andinstilling fear in other potential criminals. Although determiningthe effectiveness of the death penalty is a difficult exercise a fewstudies available has proved that a single execution of the deathpenalty reduces the cases of murder by five cases (Cerman, 2013).Death penalty is an appropriate option for preventing recidivism inthe society. This is because the death penalty, which is suggested asthe immediate alternative punishment does not guarantee that theconvict will not commit the crime again. For example, Clarence Ray,who had been charged with a life sentence managed to collude with afellow convict to murder a witness in his case (Logjamming, 2014).This implies that the death penalty is the only effective way ofprotecting the society from serious crimes.

References

Cerman,K. (2013). On balance, death penalty as a punishment has a negativeimpact on the society. Opinions.Retrieved February 2, 2015, fromhttp://www.debate.org/debates/On-balance-Death-Penalty-as-a-punishment-has-a-negative-impact-on-the-society/1/

Logjamming,B. (2014). Posts filed under organized crime. Execution.Retrieved February 5, 2015, fromhttp://www.executedtoday.com/category/who/common-criminals/organized-crime/

Roberts,G. (2008). U.S.Supreme Court: Should death penalty be allowed.Santa Monica, CA: ProCon.

Schmalleger,F. (2012). Criminologytoday: An integrative introduction (6th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

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