East European Studies Question 1

EastEuropean Studies

Question1TheRococo stylewasa decorationstylethat emphasizedtheuseof sinuouscurves,pastecolorsandpatternsthatwerebasedon shells,flowersandvines.Paintersof thiserafocusedon thesensualsurfacedelightsof lightandcolor,mainlydrawingmythologicalscenesthat indicatedviewsof everydaylife.Thisstyleof artwasmainlyusedto decoratesilver, furnitureandceramics. However,Jacques-Louis David’s paintingsThe Oath of Horatii andThe Death of Socrates representa departurefrom theRococo style(Miller, 2002). Thesepieceswerepaintedon canvasandtheyweremotivatedby theenlightenmentthatcalledforindividuality.His paintingThe Death of Socrates glorifiesan individualas a self-sacrificingherowhois committedto familyandcountry,which is in linewith theneoclassical manifesto.ThesameapproachwasusedwhilepaintingtheOath of Horatii,whichindicatesenlightenmentvalues.Theoathbetween thevariouscharactersin the paintingis a symbolof theunificationof mento thebindingof thestate.Question3JohnConstable’s paintingsweredifferentfrom thecommonneoclassical stylewhichsimplydisplayedmythicalscenes.His workwasmeantto showcase thepowerandthebeautyof nature.Mostof his paintingswerefocusedon theSuffolk landscapewherehewasinnovative in capturingmovementandnaturallight(Miller, 2002). Joseph Turners paintingswerealsodifferentfrom theneoclassical stylesandwerefocusedmainlyon lightingandcolor.In his landscapepaintings,heusedcolorto intensifytheemotionin portrayingthepassageof events.Someof his paintingsincludeSt. Mawes at thePilchard Season andtheNorham Castle Sunrise. Turner iscommonlyreferredto as thepainterof light.

References

Miller,J. H. (2002). Illustration.Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

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