From Common Sense To Basic Presuppositions (Questions) Number

FromCommon Sense To Basic Presuppositions (Questions)

Number:

FromCommon Sense To Basic Presuppositions (Questions)

of Reading Assignment

Commonsense is the basic ingredient in developing science and philosophy.Presuppositions govern what is considered as common sense indifferent domains. Although common sense is dynamic in nature, themental capacity of human beings allows for overlap of ideas increating diverse fields of knowledge. However the fact that commonsense lacks a universal perspective creates conflict in understandingdifferent facts and in trying to correct this, facts should beconsidered as products of verified hypotheses. Comprehensive theoriesenable new discoveries and this contributes to the overall expansionof knowledge essential for developing today’s world (Burtt,1980).

PreviousKnowledge Of The Topics/Issues

Afterreading the text one gains a new perception of common sense byrealizing the great role it plays in the creation of knowledge.Knowledge is the sum total, at any given time, of verifiedhypotheses whose claim to truth is relative rather than absolute,sincenew facts of observation may at any time compel their revision.Knowl&shyedgehas become a living and growing affair, not merely in the minor sensein which a deductive pattern grows through adding further infer&shyencesfrom its premises, but in the much more radical sense in which thepremises themselves are always being improved through man`s progressin masteringthe infinitely complex world disclosed to sense-perception. Knowledgeadvances gradually from being common sense of science and eventuallyto philosophy. The cooperative process that builds up knowledgerequires cross examination of facts to determine their legitimacy.This brings in the presuppositions that govern and steer the coursein which knowledge takes in regard to seeking advanced explanations.This means that previous discoveries should not be ruled out, butshould be questioned to determine the extent of their efficiency in aconstantly changing world (Burtt,1980).

Comprehensionof the Topic

Commonsense differs from one individual to another based on theiraccustomed environment and presuppositions. These presuppositions aredifferent based on differences in cultural heritage. Additionally,this knowledge is continually amended to create new perspectiveswhich also contribute to its growth. This is through constant reviewof facts which are revised to create theories. These theories areused as points of reference in the quest for knowledge. However,‘intuitionism’ lacks the very essence of growing any field ofknowledge. Its lack of rational order creates conflict thus cannot beconclusive in developing logical theories. On the other hand, it isdifficult to understand the three universal laws of thought: law ofidentity, law of contradiction and law of excluded middle. This isbecause these laws are technically similar despite having differentperspectives with regard to knowledge. In addition, it is impossibleto mutually obey these laws exclusively. Therefore the explanation asto how these laws are significant in governing thought is vague andambiguous (Burtt,1980).

MyQuestions on the Reading Assignment

Thefollowing questions can go a long way in assisting one to understandand summarize the main agendas being pushed by the author. Thesequestions can be answered from the text and they all revolve aroundthe theme of common sense in creating vast bodies of knowledge. Inaddition, they call for further research outside the text. Thequestions are

  1. Should facts be considered absolute or should they be subjected to further constructive criticism?

  2. Is reason solely justified in claiming universal authority?

  3. Explain the concept of knowledge as a constantly growing field in relation to common sense?

References

Burtt,E. A. (1980).&nbspInsearch of philosophic understanding.Indianpolis: Hackett.

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