Health Care Research (Anxiety and Substance Abuse) Number

HealthCare Research (Anxietyand Substance Abuse)


HealthCare Research (Topics Chosen: Anxietyand Substance Abuse)

  1. Substance Abuse

Definitionof the concept.Substance abuse commonly referred to as drug abuse is the habitualuse of any harmful substance. The most commonly abused substancesinclude alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, heroin, cocaine, among otherprescription drugs. In other words, substance abuse is simplified asthe habitual taking of illegal/addictive drugs.

Howto measure this concept.There are different ways that are deployed to measure the extent ofsubstance abuse in an individual. Some of the methods include regularscreening allows for early identification of substance abuse, i.e.the use of drug and alcohol screening tools. In addition, the medicalpractitioners have identified different medical examinations whichare carried out to estimate the amount of any given substance hasbeen used by an individual, (checking the amount of a substance in anindividual blood stream).

Hypothesis.Substance abuse is more experienced by youths from poor andsocioeconomic disadvantaged environments because they contribute tosocial degradation. Young people from socioeconomic disadvantagedareas are more likely to get into substance abuse than theircounterparts in financially stable backgrounds.

Variables.With reference to the hypothesis given, the variables are rate ofsubstance abuse, poverty and socioeconomic status as well as theyoung people in school. The rate of substance abuse among the schoolgoing children is dependent on their socioeconomic status as well asthe financial stability of their families. According to Hoover&amp Donovan, (2011), theunit of analysis is the entity being analyzed and with reference tothe substance abuse concept, the unit of analysis is, ‘whatis the impact of socioeconomic status/povertytowardsthe rate of substance abuse among school going young people’.The control variable is the rate of substance abuse, which isdependent on other factors such as socioeconomic (Hoover&amp Donovan, 2011)status and the poverty level that a young person is in.

Oneof the major concerns in the recent times is the rate at which youngpeople are indulging in drug abuse. Over 200,000 people die annuallyfrom substance abuse, especially due to overdoses, with the majoritybeing within the age bracket of 18-35 years. In addition, drug use byminors is increasing at an alarming rate. With this trend anddifferent factors attributed to the rising abuse of drugs amongAmerican youths, it’s worthy to prove whether the social economicstatus increases or reduces the chances of substance abuse among theyouth[ CITATION Ste08 l 1033 ].This is the key element, behind the reason why I chose thishypothesis.

  1. Anxiety Disorders

Definitionof the concept.This is a serious mental/emotional illness that is denoted byconstant and overwhelming worries and fear and can be crippling toany affected individual, as it makes one feel nervous when faced withany given challenge. It is characterized by excessive and irrationalfear or tension. Panic disorder, social disorder,obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, socialanxiety and general anxiety disorder are all types of anxietydisorders [ CITATION Cal05 l 1033 ].

Howto Measure this conceptThere are different approaches in measuring the levels of anxiety aswell as using different rating scales. Some of the methods includemeasuring physical signs associated with anxiety another method isthrough conducting interaction observations. In case of aprofessional, he/she may use scales such as Hamiliton Anxiety scale(HAM-A), HopkinsSymptom Checklist (SCL-90), and also Hospital Anxiety DepressionScale (HAD). Additionally, through psychotherapy methods, which areused in the treatment of anxiety, can as well be used to measure theextent of the disorder in an individual (Velotis,2005).

HypothesisFamily history of mental health problems and genetic identity of anindividual has been deemed some of the factors behind anxietydisorder, however, stress has been referred as the main factor behindanxiety disorders among working class people.

VariablesAccording to the hypothesis, the variables include rate of anxietydisorder, amount of stress, as well as Family history of mentalhealth problems and genetic identity of an individual. The rate ofanxiety disorder among working class people is constant, and in turndetermined by the 3 factors, which are stress, genes, and history ofmental problems. The control variable is the susceptibility toanxiety disorder by an individual.

Anxietydisorders affect almost 20% of the adult population in the USA. Panicdisorder, social disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder,post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety and general anxietydisorder are all types of anxiety disorders, with this trend in theAmerican society it has become an interest to try to identify themain contributing factor behind the anxiety disorders among theworking class. This is the main reason behind the choice for thishypothesis.


Hoover,K. R., &amp Donovan, T. (2011).&nbspTheelements of social scientific thinking.Australia:


Sussman, S., &amp Ames, S. (2008). Drug Abuse: Concepts, Prevention, and Cessation. Cambridge

University Press.

Velotis, C. M. (2005). Anxiety Disorder Research. Nova Science Publishers, Inc

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