History of Chinese art

HISTORY OF CHINESE ART 5

Historyof Chinese art

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Chineseartexistedas earlyas in 206 BC. TheancientChinese artistsstartedby paintingin tombsusingstaticrepresentationof events.Artisticimpressionreceiveda lotof valueas a sourceof informationanda platformto recordhistory.Mostof thepictorialrepresentationsfoundin thetombsweresimple.Theyincludedfigureandotherinformsseton a simpleandflatground.Theinventionof thelandscapewasyetto be accomplishedimpressionsfrom theHan dynastyshowsomevariationswith theartisticartof thesixth century.Thesevariationsare decipherable in variousforms.First,theartisticworksof theHan dynastyhada lotof emphasison theexpressionof lifein art(Loehr, 1980).

Duringthisperiod,artistsusedhumanfigures,animalfiguresandplantsin thework.Otherelementsin theuniversethat werebelievedto havelifein theuniverse,forexample,themoonwereusedin art.Dragonsalsograced thepictorialwork.During thisperiod,artistsdidnot enjoythefreedomof inventedart(Loehr, 1980).

Thegeneralfeelingof howartshould appear wasthemajorconsiderationforthedevelopmentorartisticwork.Theapproachgraduallychangedtowards thesixth century.Towards thisperiod,therepresentationof arthadits emphasisputon therealityof thingsin theuniverse.Artistsexploitedtheir freedomof art,andtheycould developtheir workto expressan objectof their choice.Themajordifferencebetween theartin theHan dynastyandthesixth centuryis that,in thesixth-century artinclinedto realisticrepresentations(Loehr,1980).

Second,variousobjectswereusedto representtheelementsin theuniverse.In theHan dynasty,waterwasa representationof lakesandcloudsrepresentedtheair.Gradualchangestookplaceandin thesixth centurytheairis representedby birdsandthefishrepresentedlakes.Such a changeis evidentin figure6 wherebybirdsflyin theairthepeoplein thefieldsto representtheair.There is alsoa largefishanda flowering lotus to representthelake.Ornamentaldesignswerethemajorinputsusedto createpictures(Loehr,1980).

SincetheHan Dynasty era, ornamentaldesignswereimperativeto artists.First,theywereusedto bringout thebestimitationof nature.Through them, theexternalrealitycould havea pictorialrepresentation.Acollectionof severalelementsin theuniversecould getan expressionin a singlepicture.Forexample,in figure6, severalelementsof naturelike, water,airandthelandscapegetshaveacleardepiction. First-time artistsandlearnerscould alsouseornamentaldesignsto developtheir firstpiecesof art(Loehr,1980). Acloserlookat figure13 showsthelackof a landscape,an attributethat wasamajordifferencebetween artistsin thetwo eras.

Inthelaterstages,ornamentaldesignhelpedartistto developlandscapesin their work.Theycould depictflatterrains,cliffsandhillyterrains.In figure6, thefarmersin thefieldare seento be in a terrainthat is not smooth.Itis evidentwith thereceding rowsof cropsbehind them (Loehr, 1980).

IntheHan dynasty,amorphous elementslike cloudandflameswereornamentally represented.Ornamentaldesignshadan importantpartto playin bringingout therealityof a mistyatmosphereora fieryplace(Loehr, 1980). Theideachangedgraduallytowards thesixth century.Representationof amorphous substanceslike clouds,rockandfire,hada conventionalapproach.Thegeneralfeelingof theartists,influencedby thepracticeof thedays,guidedtheartistin makingsuchrepresentations(Wood,2014).

Inconclusion, thefiguresin thearticleare a representativeof thewealthof Chinese art.TheHan Dynasty wasan importantbenchmark fortheartists.Thosewhocamelaterbuilttheir workfrom theideasof thepastartistsin theHan dynasty.Thefiguresalsogiveaclearvariationbetween thetwo periods.Thekindof artrepresentedhereis one of thebestformsof tellingthehistoryof art.

References

Loehr,M. (1980). Thegreatpaintersof China.Icon.London.

Wood,J. (2014). SOAS Library: Chinese art and archaeology collection. ArtLibraries Journal,39(2),27-32.

(Loehr,1980)

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