Human Genetics and Society SOURCE 1

Human Genetics and Society

SOURCE 1:

Claim:

Human genetics biology has hadan important influence in the modern science, especially in medicine.

Evidence:

Description of the evidence

This is true because theunderstanding of cell genetics, especially the role of DNA hasprovided the foundations of genetic modification and engineering.Genetic engineering and hereditary information have had numerousapplications over the years.

Reasoning

Although genetics have hadhuge impacts in the biological sciences over the years, thepotentials of genetics biology in human genetics can not beunderestimated. Advancement in biotechnology has suggested severalnew application of genetic biology using molecular cloning biology.

Strength of the evidence

Genetics technology has beenapplied in research, industries, agriculture and medicine. There isno doubt that the potentials of these technologies have not beenfully exploited. Today, genetically modified products are availablein the market. This indicates that future prospects of human geneticare immense.

Scientific merit of theclaim

The scientific merit of theclaim is beyond reasonable doubt. This is because some of theadvanced applications of genetic biology are no longer inbiotechnology laboratories but in real life applications. Numericalrating: 4.

SOURCE 2:

Claim:

Stem cell biology haspotential applications offoundational microorganism science to our understanding of, andreactions to, sickness and damage. Evidence:

Description of evidence

This is also true because theversatility of the human stem cell could be used in the treatment ofdiseases such as cancer. Someof the human conditions associated with abnormal or uncontrolledgrowth of human body cells such as developmental defects and cancertumors can be treated using this technology in the future. A completebiological knowledge of the biological controls that are involved inthe differentiation and specialization of stem cells can be essentialin understanding how some of the medical conditions arise. Theunderstanding can be essential in developing future treatmentstrategies and therapies

Reasoning

Stem cells can be defined as“undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specializedcells and can divide to produce more stem cells”. Stem cells candevelop into other types of cells resulting into growth. They play anessential role in early life during the development of body tissuesin an embryo’s body.

Strength of the evidence

Scientific studies haveyielded critical and useful information which explains the complexactivities that takes place in the differentiation of cells leadingto the formation of different body tissues in the body. The principalgoal of genetic biologists has been to establish how undifferentiatedcells in the human body are transformed into specific cells thatconstitute human body tissues. Cell biologists already know thatgenes play an important role in this process. Additionally, studieson the processes involved are at advanced stages, which havesuggested immense potentials in the application of the technology.

Scientific merit of theclaim

The claim is supported by peerreviewed scientific studies that have been carried out in the recentpast. The claim is also supported by repetitive scientific evidence.Numerical rating: 5.

SOURCE 3:

Claim:

Stem cells biology providesthe bases of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Evidence:

Description of evidence

This is also supported byrecent scientific studies which suggest several ways through whichhuman stem cell can be used in medicine and tissue engineering.Majority of the stem cell studies in human have concentrated on“human embryonic stem cells”.

Reasoning

Perhaps the greatest potentialof stem cell biology application is in the generation of cells thatcan be used in treatment therapies. In modern medicine, sick ordestroyed body tissues such as kidneys are replaced through organdonation. However, the supply of these organs is far less compared tothe demand. Advancement in stem cell technologies will providerenewable sources of replacement tissues and organs.

Strength of the evidence

Some of the new drugs havebeen tested on safety issues related to differentiation andspecialization of cells. Notable successes have been observed in theregeneration of bone marrow through stem cell therapies. Although noclinical milestones have been reported, studies are underway inneurodegenerative therapies.

Scientific merit of theclaim

There are numerous peerreviewed articles that have projected the potentials of human stemcell biology in the future of medicine. Additionally, it has been animportant topic of discussion in major scientific and medicalconferences. Numerical rating: 4.

Summary

A verbal presentation usingPowerPoint slides would be a more appropriate method of presentingthe claims and evidence in the paper. This is because it will giveroom for illustrations using photographs, statistical data or quotesfrom the researchers. For example, photographs and illustrations ofDNA or charts of stem cells differentiation could be essential in thedescription of evidence.

Works Cited

  1. Yashon, Ronnee K, and Michael R. Cummings. Human Genetics and Society. Australia: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.

  2. Hayat, M A. Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells: Therapeutic Applications in Disease and Injury. Dordrecht: Springer, 2012. Print.

  3. Appasani,Krishnarao, and Raghu K.Appasani. Stem Cells &amp Regenerative Medicine: From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering. New York: Humana Press, 2011. Print.

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