Impact of technology on adult nursing
Technology has widely been adopted in the health sector to passuseful information from healthcare team members to patients. Researchshows that there is a strong relationship on how health professionalspass information and patient’s perception, which has great effecton biological and functional outcomes of patients (Hein,2010). Effective communication of health outcomes to patientsimproves their health through adherence to treatment and patientself-management.
Tele-health has widely been used inelectro-cardiogram screening and monitoring of patients whoseclinical trials are done abroad. Patients are monitored betweenphysicians’ office visits and this reduces hospitalization andvisits to emergency rooms (Kabene,2010). Medical data for diagnosis or diseases management istransmitted and patients have a remote system to feed them withinformation from sensors and monitoring equipment. This has reducedtravelling costs to health centers, encouraged healthy sustainablebehaviour and improved mortality rates.
Video conferencing equipment is used toteleconference between patient and healthcare providers which aids ininteractive examination, assessments and history taking. Digitalhealth images, video, audio and clinical data are captured on clientcomputer or mobile devices. Communication aids like charts, modelsand pictures are used to help patients better understand theircondition and treatment required (World Health Organization, 2013).Pictures are important as patients can carry with them home copiesfor future reference.
Electro consultation through use of emails,telephones and cell phones is a system used by healthcare providersto pass and obtain special information into patient’s caretreatment without requiring them to go for a face to face visit. Thisis an extremely efficient and reliable way of conveying patientinformation (Hein,2010). Additionally, the system is quickand secure. The information being transmitted from the patient tothe nurse and vice versa is private and secure. This does not onlylower the cost of medical and nursing services, but also ensures thatthe services offered are of optimum quality. This enables patients toorder drugs, get advice on prevention of diseases and acceptablehealth standards (Olmeda, 2014). It reduces patient movement andremote admissions.
Remote training through tele-health enableshealth professions in remote areas to receive training which allowthem to provide special care to chronic condition that wouldotherwise not be available to patients in remote areas (Norris,2012). They can give patients advice on good hygiene practices,prevention of diseases as well as disease management. Computers arewidely used in health center to record health information like bloodsugar level, blood pressure and pulse rate. A copy of a visit summerytemplate is provided to patient and this enables him/her view keypoints discussed, medication availed and instructions given(Institute of Medicine, 2011).
Scheduling is a system that is used by healthpractitioners to communicate. The aged are scheduled earlier in themorning because they easily get tired when health offices get busyduring the day. This enables professionals to spend enormous timewith them due to their slow processing rate of information, loss ofsense and decline in memory (Gerdin&Nursing Informatics,2012). Convincing them is a challenge because of their wide range ofexperience and cultural backgrounds which influence their perceptionof illness, willingness to adhere to medical instructions and abilityto communicate effectively.
Effective communication and outcomes forpatients is of great benefit as this will improve their healththrough adherence to treatment and patient management. Ineffectivecommunication will result to patients not understanding the names oftheir medications at discharge and will lead to underuse of theirprescription (Loar,2007).
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Hein, E. C. (2010). Nursingissues in the 21st century: Perspectives from the literature. Philadelphia:Lippincott.
Institute of Medicine. (2011). Healthprofessions education: A bridge to quality.Washington, D.C.: NationalAcademies Press
Kabene, S. M. (2010). Healthcareand the effect of technology: Developments, challenges and advancements.Hershey, PA: Medical Information Science Reference.
Loar, R. S. (2007). Theimpact of a computer simulated case study on nurse practitioner students`declarative knowledge and clinical performance.(Dissertation Abstracts International,69-2.)
Norris, A. C. (2012). Essentialsof Telemedicine and Telecare. WestSussex, England New York: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Olmeda, Christopher J. (2014). Information Technology in Systems ofCare. Delfin Press.
World Health Organization. (2013) Adherenceto long-term therapies: Evidence for action. Switzerland: WHO Library Cataloguing. WorldHealth Organization.