Important parts of a research paper

Importantparts of a research paper

Nameof student

Nameof professor

Qualitativeresearchcritique

Thiscritiqueis in thearticle“The experiencesof black fathersconcerningsupportof their wives/partnersduring labor,”researchthat wascarriedout by Sengane andCur.

Thetitle

Thearticletitleis sufficientwith referenceto theintentionof theresearch.However,usingtheterm“experiences”would possiblymeanhowtheblack husbandsrelateto their wivesduring laborandnot howtheyfeeltowards them during thisperiod.

Abstract

Inthisresearchpaper,theabstractis wellwritten,anditoutlinesmostof theresearchpaper.Theabstracthas giventhepurposeof thestudy,themethodsthat wereusedto collectdata andtheconclusions.However,theabstractis toofastto enterinto thestudy,anditpre-empts thestudyveryfast.Theintroductoryremarkin thepaperis thepurposeof thestudy.An abstractshould introducethestudybefore givingtheoutlineof thewholepaper(Polly, 2006, p. 30). Thepaperdoesgivea briefintroductoryremark.Secondly,theconclusionshould be followedby therecommendationsthein theabstract.In thispaper,therecommendationsin theabstractare not clear.

Theintroductionof thepaperis putwellsince itgivesa briefbackgroundof whatblack menfeeltowards their wivesduring labor.Italsohighlights their feelingstowards goinginto thelaborroomto accompanytheir wives.Theintroductionnotesthatblack menhavedifferentfeelingstowards thelaborwardexperience.Theyalsousedifferenttermsto referto theexperience.

ProblemStatement

Theproblemstatementin thepaperaddressesthemajorconcernsof theresearchandwhyits rationale(Polly, 2006, p. 30). However,itcould havebeenmorecomprehensiveifithadhighlighted whetherthebehaviorof black menaffectstheemotionalhealthoranyotheraspectof their wives.Itdoesnot showanyeffectsof men’sbehaviorbutonlyhighlights whattheywhentheyaccompanytheir partnersto thelaborwards.

Hypothesisandresearchquestions

Twoof themostfundamentalcomponentsof a researchpaperare thehypothesisandtheresearchquestions.Thesetwo givetheresearcha direction.Unfortunately,ahypothesisis missingin thisresearchpaper.Theauthorsdonot indicatewhatpremisetheywill upholdorrejectafter conductingtheresearch.The two researchquestionscovertheintentionof theresearchthat seeksto discovertheexperienceof black menandwhatcan be doneto improvetheir behaviorduring thisperiod.

Literaturereview

Theauthorsindicatethatthere wasnoliteratureon thesametopicin thecountryof research(Sengane, 2006, p. 68). Hethereforeusedliteraturefrom othersources.Literaturereviewhelpsto unfoldwhat otherresearchers foundout on thesametopic.In thisresearchpaper,there is noliteraturereviewsection.Somecitedsourcesare welloutlinedin theintroduction.Theauthorsindicatethattheyusedsomeliteraturefrom otherplacesthisshould havebeenin thissection.

Theoreticalframework

Sincethiswasa qualitative research,itwasverymuchin orderfortheauthorsto usepeoplewhohadundergonethelaborwardexperience.Theresearchers createda rapport,andtheparticipantssignedconsentforms.During theresearch,Confidentiality wasobserved,andinterviewingwastheonlymethodof data collection(Sengane, 2006, p.68). Someothermethodscould havebeenemployedin thecollectionof data. Forexample,questionnairecould havebeenusedto extractsensitiveinformationthat interviewingcould not cover.Theuseof severalmethodsenhancesthecomprehensiveness andqualityof data collected(Polly, 2006, p. 31).

Thetotalsampleof ten black seemssosmallfortheresearchfindingsto be varied.Bearingin mindthatthisresearchis takento havecoveredSouth Africa as a country,itmay not be atruerepresentativeof thewholepopulation.

Quantitativeresearchcritique

Thefollowingis acritiqueof thearticle“The effectsof crossedlegson bloodpressuremeasurement,”authored by Foster et al.

Thetitlesuitsthearticlebecausethearticleseeksto findout ifcrossedlegshaveanyeffecton bloodpressuremeasurementsof hypertensive individuals.Thecontents of theresearchpaperare alsoin linewith whatthetitleoutlines.

Abstract

Theabstractin theresearchpapercoversmostof thecomponentsrequired.Ithas a well-outlined sampleandtheresearchmethodology (Foster et al., 1999, p. 72). However,itlacksa conciseproblemstatementanda recommendation.An abstractshould highlight thewholeresearchpaperandhavea conclusionfollowedby arecommendation(Coughan et al., 2007, p.658). Theabstractin thispaperhas underlinedheadings.Thecorrectformatforan abstractshould be in prose formwithout havingunnecessarysubheadings.

Thepaperdoesnot havean identifiedintroduction.Ithas a compositionof theproblemthat thehypertensive peoplehaveandthechallengesin measuringthebloodpressure.However,thepartcontainingthisinformationis not named.Theideais not in linewith theformatof a comprehensiveresearchpaper.Theintroductionandthebackgroundshould be welloutlinedto givetherationaleforcarryingout theresearch(Coughan et al., 2007, p. 658). Thebackgroundof thestudyandtheintroductionhavebeencombined.Theauthorsought to haveindicatedwhich theintroductionandalsotheintroduction.

Statementof theproblem

Inthisarticle,thestatementof theproblemis entirelymissing.Areaderhas to lookat theparttakenas an introductionto knowtheproblembeingaddressedby thepaper.Theimportantelementmissesboth in thebodyof thepaperandin theabstract.Theomissioncontravenestherulesof writinga researchpaper.

Hypothesisandresearchquestions

Aclearhypothesisoutlineswhattheresearcher believesabout acertaintopicevenbefore conductingresearch(Coughan et al., 2007, p. 659). Itgivesresearcha premiseto testat theendof data analysis.Unfortunately,itis missingin thisresearch.Theresearchquestionsthat could haveguidedtheareaof investigationis alsomissing.Theresearchpaper,therefore,lacksan inquirydirection.

Literaturereview

Theauthorshaveconsultedvariousliteratureswrittenby differentauthorsover timeon thesametopic.Theliteratureusedis in linewith therequirementsof havinghavethem writtennot sopast thetimeof research.Theresultsof theresearchrelateto therecommendationsfoundin theliteraturereview.Patientsundergoinga bloodpressureshould havetheir legsrelaxedduring theexercise.

Theoreticalframework

Thesampling methodandrecruitment weredoneaccordingto theguidelines of qualitative research.Somemethodslike simplerandomsampling could not havebeenapplicablesince thesamplerequiredforthestudyhadto havea highbloodpressure(Foster et al., 1999, p.79). Theideaservedas theinclusionandexclusioncriteria.However,theexclusioncriteriacould havebeenusedforpatientswhomight be havingotherlike theinabilityto crosstheir legs.ANOVA wasusedto analyzedata. Thedata analysiswassufficient,anditgavedirectionto thediscussionthat provedthatcrossing legscan resultin artificialmeasurementsin thebloodpressure.

References

Coughan,M., Cronin, P., &amp Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-Step Guide toCritiquing Quantitative Research. BritishJournal of Nursing,16 (11), 657-664.

Foster,L., Ortiz, A., Sibilano, H., Marcantonio, R., &amp Braun, L. T.(1999). The effects of crossed leg on blood pressure measurement.Nursingresearch,48(2),105-108.

Polly,L. (2006). Understanding and Critiquing Qualitative Research Papers.NursingTimes,102 (29), 30-32.

Sengane,M. (2009).The experience of black fathers concerning support fortheir wives/partners during labour. Curationis,32(1),67-73.

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