Jainism and Hinduism
Jainismand Hinduism are both Indian religions that have both similaritiesand differences. Jainism beliefs promote religious simplicity andnon-violent attitudes among its believers. The distinctive religiousbeliefs in Jainism are the material and spiritual sphere s of life. Hinduism, on the other hand, is a religion with documented founder.It based on the teachings of mediation and reincarnation. Jainism isalso India’s oldest religions and older than Buddhism and the Vedicreligion. The two religions have similarities that bring them veryclose in terms of doctrine and beliefs. One may actually link theirorigins of both religions to have emanated from the same historicalbasis. On the contrary, the differences between the two religions arealso great to the extent of losing the very overt aspects that appearin their similarities (Novak 18). In reality, the religions areactually very different notwithstanding the similarities theypossess. Further scrutiny of the similarities reveals hugedifferences in respect to what each ceremony, ritual, and doctrinesignifies. share their similarities from theircommon origins in India way back in the sixth century.
Jainismand Hinduism came close to each other on beliefs about creation anddivinity from the time Buddhism disappeared in India. They havesimilar theories that explain the concepts of re-birth and salvationas vital ways of life if one has to achieve divinity. On creationthey also have similar views on the way they describe heaven, theearth, and hell. Both religions regard the idea of karma as adoctrine that cannot be separated from the divine responsibilities ofa believer. Worship is also directed to different forms of God. It isthe divine responsibility of a believer to understand the positionthat each form of God.
BothHinduism and Jainism believe in the twenty four tirthankaras,whowere the earliest teachers of religion for both religions thatintroduced the world to orthodox divinity. Believers of bothreligions agree that the tirthankarastaught people about the need to live in harmony (Smith, p. 29).Living in harmony, they say is the only way through which believerscan attain spiritual liberation through themselves as examples.Tirthankarasare, therefore, who achieve the highest level of knowledge in anydiscipline or activity.
Theyboth share the same ideology on ahimsa
Ahimsais a vital aspect in both that means being kind and non-violent toall creatures. Ahimsa considers all organisms integral to each other.Thus, both religions prohibit any form of violence to people andcreatures. In Jainism, the belief and implementation of ahimsa iselaborate because believers consider it the cornerstone of divinity.In Hinduism, ahimsa emanates from the belief that all creation needsto co-exist so that harmful karma does not accumulate on them.
Thesacred books: Hindus use the Smrtis,Puranas, and Vedas astheir sacred books of reference during worship. The books are notrecognized and accepted in Jainism. Hindus also reject all thescriptures that Jainism uses as sacred books. Although both religionsrecognize divinity as the ability of a believer to follow what iswritten in their respective sacred book, they do not consider any oftheir respective reference materials as part of a universal Indianreligious chaste.
Theperceptions of creation: Hindu religion looks at creation through thematerial world. In Hinduism the material world takes the form ofthree deities called the trimurti(Smith,p. 32). The three deities follow God’s roles in creation, which isto sustain and to destroy. The material world is manifest of God whothen reveals himself through Vishnu and/or his other forms such asNarayana,Krishna, or Rama.Jainism, on other hand, teaches the eternity of the universe and allthat is in it. Janists believe that there is Supreme Being thatcontrols the universe. All that goes on in the universe is a resultof transformations that go on earth over the years (Molloy 15). Thus, cosmos also referred to as the laws of nature is responsiblefor everything that occurs in the universe.
Hindudoctrines are based on what was acquired from verdict tradition whileJainism was established from Sramanic traditions. While Hindusbelieve that their divine teaching are a Sanatran Dharma while theJains see their aspects of divinity are a way of life and the basisof the entire human civilization.
Waysand objects of worship: Jainism believers do not believe in theexistence of an eternal God, but to those who have achieved thestatus of godhood. Hindus view God in various forms which theyworship differently to signify one Supreme Being. Therefore, Hindusview God as the only one that can claim to have attained salvation. Unlike Hindus, Jainism considers salvation as the sole right of humanbeings.
Inconclusion, share a lot in terms of historicalbackgrounds because they form an integral part of Indian culture.However, they are very different in many ways because the doctrinesof creation and divinity for the two religions constitute divergentbelief systems that are evident upon further scrutiny.
Molloy,Michael. Experiencingthe World`s Religions.McGraw-Hill Education, 2013
Novak, Philip. TheWorld`s Wisdom.: Sacred Texts of the World`s Religions.HarperCollins, 2011
Smith,Huston, and Richard Marranca. Theworld`s religions:50thAnniversary Edition New York: HarperOne, 2009.