JUSTINIAN CODE 3
TheJustinian code was a code of law that was created by an ancient romanemperor in Rome. This code of was named after a well-known byzantineemperor Justinian I. Justinian I was the rule of the byzantine empirebetween 527 and 565 A.D(Giotto,2015).This code of law was effected by the emperor who created all the ruleof the land and also interpreted the laws. Modern law can be creditedto the ancient Justinian code that dates back in 527 A.D. Criminallaw borrows codification or the code of laws from the Justinian code.
Acriminal activity can only be attractive if a criminal involved inthe offence is almost guaranteed of getting away with the criminalactivity. In other words, criminals can only engage in crime if theenvironment is conducive for their escape. For example the governmentsystem is not efficient in tracking them down and there is a low riskof suffering the consequences for their criminal activities.Situational crime prevention strategies can be very effective atreducing the rate of criminal activities or opportunities in a givenenvironment(Schmalleger,2012).One such strategy that has worked towards deterring criminalactivities is the use of target hardening. Target hardening is theuse of routine activities in everyday living in an effort to reducecrime(Universityof Cambridge, 2014).Some of the routines that can be implemented using target hardeninginclude the use of surveillance cameras, the routine closing of doorsand windows in homes as well as clearing bushes near home. The use ofsituational crime prevention is a simple but an effective strategy ofreducing criminal activities because it increases the efforts ofcrime and also removes the list of excuses from the criminal(Newton,Michelle, & Hirshfield, 2008).
Giotto.(2015). EmperorJustinian and the Byzantine Empire.Retrieved January 28, 2015, from Mr. Giotto`s Site:http://www.penfield.edu/webpages/jgiotto/onlinetextbook.cfm?subpage=1679589
Newton,A., Michelle, R., & Hirshfield, A. (2008). RelatingTarget Hardening to Burglary Risk.Liverpool: British Society of Criminology.
Schmalleger,F. (2012). Criminologytoday: An intergative introduction.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Universityof Cambridge. (2014). SituationalCrime Prevention.Retrieved January 29, 2015, from University of Cambridge:http://www.crim.cam.ac.uk/research/cpt/situationalprevention/