Compare and Contrast Texas with Louisiana
Texas is considered the second most populous state after Californiaand the second largest state after Alaska in the US. According toNAME (YEAR), it is estimated to be 268,821 square miles with apopulation of over 26.8 million residents. On the other hand,Louisiana State is located in the United States’ southern region.The state is known to be the 31st most extended and the25th most populous state in the United States. Therefore,the paper will compare and contrast the two states Texas andLouisiana, by comparing their political system that will in turndemonstrate significant differences of the political systems in termsof their political culture.
Texas and Louisiana Political System: Political Culture
Political culture refers simply to what people feel and believe abouttheir own government and how the people should have perceptions andact towards it. To begin with, the Texas political culture is both acombination of the individualistic and traditionalistic strains. Thetraditionalistic culture which is dominant in the history of southernTexas deemphasized the participation of all the Texas citizens andemphasized Anglo elite domination in the society (Harmon 56).
According to Newton et al. (211), the individualistic culture thatwas dominant in the state’s business history, emphasized inallowing a lot of people to get rich by taming the land. In the 21stcentury, the blend of the two cultures has since produced a system ofpolitical values that is mainly pro-development and unsympathetic tothose who failed in achieving material success. By combining the two,the modern blend of individualistic and traditionalistic culturesproduces a more dominant Anglo population, which is stronglyconservative on both the social and economic issues.
On the other hand, Louisiana State political culture goes back to thetime when its citizens were deprived of their own rights and power atthe time of elite rule in the state. It helped in influencing thespread of a populist point of view across the state. According toRose (89), the populist advocated for the programs and ideas thathelp shape up the poor citizens. Just like elitist history in the21st century is an influential part of Louisiana’spolitical culture, the populism has been the main factor in thepolitics of the 21st century.
In contrast to Louisiana political culture, the Mexican Americans andAfrican Americans, despite still having made strides to overcome thediscriminations and prejudice of the past century, are still notparticipating fully in the state’s politics since it is usuallydominated by Anglo values. As a result of this, Texas politicalculture has a voting population that dislikes and do not trust thegovernment. For this reason, the main request of the government AngloTexan’s is that it keeps the taxes very low (Harmon 89).
In response to the use of government by both the states to benefitindividuals, the state of Texas is advantaged in using the efforts ofpowerful entrepreneurs to benefits the common citizens. While it isparadoxical how the state of Louisiana emphasizes more onpersonalistic efforts of an individual rather than emphasizing oninstitutionalized politics to acquire government grants for thepublic, the state of Texas has entrepreneurs who work tirelessly yetsuccessfully in order to minimize effective regulation from thegovernment by influencing legislators and other co-opting agencies(Nimmo et al 101).
That is to say, the state of Louisiana disproportionately vests itspolitical power within each individual political relative to everyinstitution when compared to the state of Texas. An example is therelatively weak formal powers of a governor in Louisiana, but as along history of her in a legislative kowtowing. Therefore, this is incontrast to Louisiana State whereby the government itself takesaction when it is convenient regardless of how useful to the Texansit might be.
The two states’ political system in terms of culture, partiesand elections differs greatly from each other. In the state ofLouisiana, political parties are the casualties of this strain inpolitical culture. Historically, individual politicians dominatedtheir parties more than they dominate their parties. Rose (209) notedthat this has contributed to creating the weakest political partiesin the entire America, and that it is the reason why they could notfire shots on the former governor Edwin Edwards when he pushesthrough with the nonpartisan blanket in the primary system. On theother hand, the state of Texas has a party system that is consideredrelatively risky in terms predictions of short-term future. However,the state differs from that of Louisiana since it is clearly movingto the direction where it would have ideologically homogeneousparties that has a conservative Republican Party undertaking mostelections from Democratic Party that is more liberal (Newton et al.119). In addition, the state of Texas offers a nearly ideal settingfor carrying out its exercises of influence from interest-groups.These interest-groups are enhanced by a privately funded campaignsand short legislative sessions. For the Texas State, unlike the stateof Louisiana, wealthy groups and individuals are able to use theinterest-groups of the state and that of the electoral system to rentthe politician’s loyalty so that private power could dominatepublic authority.
In regard to the constitution, the political culture that revolvesaround it in the state of culture differs slight to that of the stateof Louisiana In terms of how it restricts, complicates, and permits aweak state of the government. For example, the Texas constitution notonly disperses the state of power and impedes development ofeffective power but also makes it nearly impossible to determine whois responsible for developments when they occur (Nimmo et al. 27)
On the other hand, they only slight differences are the inadequaciesof the Louisiana document, whereby the constitutional reform is not atop priority. The only interest-groups that often benefit from theopportunities and protections that is afforded by their current stateconstitution seems to be in no hurry to experience a new streamlineddocument created. Therefore, in Louisiana, those who defend thestatus quo are often experience an advantage over those that try tobring out the constitutional change.
In conclusion, the political system of both the state shows politicalculture that is one-sided and is inclined to only one side of thesocial class that is to say, it favors strong political affiliation.In Texas State, the result is that a fair pseudo laissezeconomic and political culture dominates and asks for the governmentsupport since it is understood that the poor classes have a culturaltendency to turn out in low numbers to vote. Louisiana State on theother is different from that of Texas State since even though themajor parties are weak in the state, they have remained relativelystable in meaning for decades since they often convey importantmessages to the voters regardless of class (Harmon 213).
Harmon, Robert B. Government and Politics in Louisiana: AnInformation Source Survey. Monticello, Ill: Vance Bibliographies,1978. Print.
Newton, Lewis W, Herbert P. Gambrell, and Eugene C. Barker. ASocial and Political History of Texas. Dallas, Tex: Turner, 1935.Print.
Nimmo, Dan D, and William E. Oden. The Texas Political System.Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hallc, 1971. Print.
Rose, Arnold M. The Power Structure: Political Process in AmericanSociety. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967. Print.