Midterm Exam the Russian Empire


MidtermExam the Russian Empire


IvanIV:Was the prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547

Schism:betweenthe years 1652-1666, Patriarch Nikon introduced church reforms thatwere against the old believers who separated themselves in 1666.

Tableof Ranks:It is a document showing various states and court ranks which wasdrafted in 1722

1762Manifesto on the Emancipation of the Nobility: Thisis was a time when the nobility were recognized as patriotic citizenswho would serve the state.

PugachevRebellion:This is a series of rebellions that took place between the years1773-75.

1775Provincial Reforms:This is a decree that was issued by Empress Catherine II where sheabolished the subdivision of governorates into provinces but todistricts. This was aimed at ensuring that there was no uprising ofthe peasants.

Battleof Borodino:This was a bloody battle when Moscow was invaded by Napoleon. Itoccurred in 1812. Russia was defeated in the war despite being onhome soil.

PolishUprising of 1830: thiswas a war between Poland and Russia that occurred between the years1830 and 1831. Poland was resisted the Russia empire.

MikhailSperansky:He was a reformist who is credited with the liberalism that isexperienced in Russia today. He was active in 1839. He was a friendto Alexander I and even served under him.

Odessa:Thisis one of the biggest cities in Ukraine today.Thecity was founded in 1881 as a water stop on the pacific railway.

PartI: 2

Autocracywas practiced in Russia and the tsar had absolute power that wouldnot be questioned. Catherine the Great can be a perfect examplethrough which aristocracy can be illustrated. East-west aspect inRussia can well be described through the fact that the country wasexpanding and building empires both in the east and the west. Anapplicable illustration would be the expansion into the Alaska regionof North America on the east. Since the 16thcentury and the 17thcentury when the Russian empire was expanding the country constitutedof numerous people from different ethnic background. This can beattributed to the fact that a majority of them were from the capturedempires. This may include Americans and the black Americans whoworked as slaves.


Theempire expands

TheRussian empire was known to be one of the largest empires. Itexpanded from the Arctic Ocean in the north during the 19thcentury to the black sea in the southern region. During the samecentury, the Russian empire expanded into the Pacific Ocean in thewestern part of the country. In the year 1867, Russia had expandedinto the Alaska region of North America. This was on the easternpart. This was under the leadership of Tsar Alexander II who foughtextensive wars to win the foreign empires. Aristocracy was the formof leadership that was existent in the country at this time and theleader engaged in Crimea war. Equally, the expansion into the blacksea was under the leadership of Tsar Alexander II. It was also duringthis time that Russia engaged in the First World War.

PartIII: Serfdom

Itwould have been a great thing to be a state peasant. In thiscapacity, I would be able to fully and actively participate in thefight for freedom and equality for all people. The state peasantswere oppressed and did not even have the capacity to own land. It isclear that the peasants’ revolt was responsible for the freedomthat everyone enjoys today in Russia and the equality for all people.I would have been extremely comfortable being a peasant prior to thedecree that declared the peasants as equal employees.

Serfdomcan be viewed as both beneficial and harmful to the Russian empire atthe same time. To start with, it is abundantly clear that thepeasants and the slaves were revolting against the government andtherefore created pressure and confliction that hindered development.Additionally, with a country where there are numerous poor people,development can hardly be realized. On the contrary, serfdom inRussia can be viewed as being a factor that contributed immensely tothe Russian development. This is due to the fact that the peasantsand the slaves would be used as source of cheap labor hence thegovernment and the private sector would make immense profits.

PARTIV: Slightly Less Short Essay

Autocracycan viewed as a form of leadership where the few leaders at the topmanagement of the government are involved in the distribution ofpower and resources. In other words, an autocracy can be viewed as aform of monarch which rests absolute power in the leader. Afterthe oriental despotism brought about by Tatar Yoke and the Mongol,Russian absolutism had started developing in the 17thand the 18thcentury. Ivan III is tasked with the responsibility of bringing uparistocracy in Russia which was to be the form of governance fordecades. During the leadership of Peter the Great, aristocracy wasdeveloped and he moved power from the people and concentrated it onthe tsar. Although there were palace coups as a result of thereduction of nobility power, Catherine the Great has been creditedwith the absolute power to the tsar in Russia. She documented andissued a decree that stated clearly the rights and the privileges ofthe nobility.

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