Misc History

TWO QUESTIONS RESPONSE PAPER 4

Two Questions Response Paper

  1. The Royal Proclamation of 1793 was declared by British crown towards the end of the Indian and French War in North America with the aim of conciliating the Indians by examining the encroachment of the settlers on their lands. Since the proclamation centuries ago, it has until become one of the cornerstones of the law of Native Americans in Canada and United States (Williams, 2010).

The proclamation of 1793 was effective since it organized the newBritish territories in the United States and a larger British-ruledIndian reservation to the west of Appalachians. Its effectiveness isobserved when it prevented settlement on the Indian Territoryit also ordered the withdrawal of the settlers that had alreadysettled strictly forbade future settlement.In the history of the European colonization, theproclamation for the first time formalized the concept of titles onIndian lands prohibit issuance of patents to every land claimedunless the title had been taken by treaty or purchase (Williams,2010).

After the proclamation, there was a reaction from all partiesincluding the colonists, the British, and the natives. Tobegin with, the colonists reacted to the offensive nature ofthe proclamation by claiming that it interfered with their affairsalthough it was not intended to change any kind ofwestern boundaries. On the hand, the pioneers and British nativesalso disregarded the provisions of the proclamation, which evokedyears of Indian warfare all through the region. In addition, theterritorial balance towards the North of Ohio River from Quebecexacerbated further the colonial conflict in 1774 with the Britain(Williams, 2010).

  1. The Great Awakening at the beginning of the 18th Century was a spiritual renewal, which run across the American Colonies and in particular the New England. At the time, a number of Christians started to disassociate them from the established manner of worship that led to a sense of general complacency within the believers. They instead adopt an approach that characterized by a great emotion and fervor in prayer. All this according to Williams (2010), was a new renewal that began with people like George Whitefield and the Wesley brothers in England and later crossed over to American colonists during the beginning of the 18th Century. The revivalism unlike the somber Puritan spirituality of early 1700s, they ushered in the Awakening that allowed people to confess their emotions more in order to feel great intimacy with God. The Awakening was caused by a stop to the fighting between political and religious groups during the 1688 Glorious Revolution that had established the England church as a reigning church across the country. The Awakening began with the complacency in both the American colonies and England, which resulted to the spiritual revival coming about.

The Awakening impacted on the colonies’ ideologies in a number ofways. To begin with, its biggestsignificance was the manner in which it prepared the Americans forits Independence War. The revivalism taught peoplehow to be bold when confronting the authorities, and that whenreligious groups are not living up to the Christians’ demands, itenable people to move out and establish new ones at their own will.

The Colonists through the Awakening realized that religious powerswere on their ownhands and not in the church’s hands or any other form of religiousauthority. The Awakening caused the Colonists, after one generationor the next had passed that political power was not on the Monarchs’hands, but on their ownchoice of self-governance. Even though the English Colonists had notshared the same theological doctrines, they did share one vision offreedom. Therefore, the Great Awakening brought with it a climatethat made possible the American Revolution (Williams, 2010).

Reference

Williams, T. (2010). America`s beginnings: Thedramatic events that shaped a nation`s character.Lanham, Md: Rowman &amp Littlefield Publishers.

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