Modeling Theory in Criminology


ModelingTheory in Criminology

ModelingTheory in Criminology

Modelingtheory is a learning theory developed by Bandura to explain howpeople learn by observing others and the outcomes of the behaviorsacquired. In criminology, the modeling theory is used to explain thereasons behind deviant behavior and explain crime causation. In thisregard, the modeling theory posits that criminal behavior is acquiredthrough learning from the non-social and social circumstances.Therefore, crime is caused by the learned deviant behavior that isreinforced by a person through learning from the environment.According to Schmalleger (2012), crime and deviant behavior aremodeled by people from others who have such behaviors.

Inparticular, the modeling process plays a role in aggression as thebasis of violence. The main role of modeling is to imitate behaviorby remembering and practicing it. According to Bandura, an individualwill model certain violent behavior by imitating them from others(Vito &amp Maahs, 2011). In this process, a person will imitate theaspects of violent behavior that warrant modeling. As a result of themodeling, the person will remember and practice what he or she sees.However, the success of the modeling process in violent behavior willhave to possess a reason to imitate the behavior. For instance, aperson who is bullied may model the behavior by remembering thebullying acts and practice them for a reason.

Therewards of aggression are emotional satisfaction feelings to a personin regard to the pain inflicted on the other. In addition, there ispositive reinforcement for aggression since an individual feels thatan act should be done violently (Wortley, 2011). After aggression,the violent person feels that he or she has achieved the results ofthe quest for violent behavior. The reward for aggression happensbecause the brain rewards aggression, just like any other human urgeto satisfy a desire.


Schmalleger,F. (2012).Criminologytoday: An integrated introduction(6thEd.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hal

Vito,G., &amp Maahs, J. (2011). Criminology:Theory, Research, and Policy.Burlington,Ma:Jones &amp Bartlett Publishers

Wortley,R. (2011). PsychologicalCriminology: An Integrative Approach. London:Taylor &amp Francis

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