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Theachievements of King Philip and King Alexander

KingPhilip of Macedonia wasdeterminedto seehis nationriseabove thepowersof theotherneighboringnations.Heroseto becomea verypowerfulkingandconqueredhis neighborsforthegodof Macedonia. First,hetransformedMacedonia by expandingits territoriesandputtingothernationsunder his rule.HeconqueredtheneighboringThrace andmadea greaterpartitto be partof Macedonia. HeconqueredPhoenicians anddefeatedtheAthenians. Hedidthisthrough fiercebattleswherebyheledhis mento victory.Thebans werea threatto thewellbeing of Macedonia. However, King Philip defeatedandputhim under his rule.

KingPhilip alsoreceivedtradein Macedonia. Hemadetheminesa reliablesourceof revenue.Despite their formerstateof poorreturns,King Philip introducednewmanagementandworkforce. Macedonia wasableto getmorethan a thousand talentsannuallyfrom theactivitiesin themines.His victoryin battlesandexcellentmilitarycommand,hewashonoredwith thetitleof commander-in-chief of allGreece. His nationreceivedtributesfrom othernationsduring his leadership.In addition, the kingdom no longerlivedin fearof beingattackedby their neighborssince he had ensured to conquer all his potential threats(Romm 52).

Duringhis reign, thePersians controlledmostof thesea space.Theyhadbig fleet ships, andthisgavethem an advantageover theothernations.KingPhilip stoodstrongagainst thePersians, andtheydidnot manageto takecontrolof his nation.His entire endeavorfocusedtowards bringingwealthinto Macedonia. By thetimehedied,his nationwasamong thestrongestin thewholeland(Romm 54). Hesawitbeingtransformedfrom a weaknationof subjectsto a nationof conquerorsandwealthypeopleImpact of Macedonia’s riseto poweron theGreek polis.

Inhis speech,Alexander thegreatrevealstheplightof theaccumulatedpowerof Macedonia over theothercitiesin Greek. First,herevealsthatMacedonia has achievedagreatpositionamong thecities.Itwasnolongeramong citiesunder thereign of otherkings.Mostly,suchnationsusedto paytributeto otherkingsin termsof taxes.Thereigningnationwasthusbecomingwealthierby theday(Romm 55). Macedonia, through its powerfulkings,haddefiedthisposition.Theyweretheonesto receivetributefrom othernations.

Macedonia’sriseto poweralsoaffectedthewaythingsrunin theconquerednations.From Alexander’s speech,wecan pickinformationthatthenatureof Macedonia’s wayof governance wasa peacefulone.Before theyroseto glory,their propertyandfreedomwasin thehandsof barbarianswhooppressedthem. Through King Philip andAlexander, orderwasrestoredboth at homeandin theconquerednations.Alexander revealedthat,Macedonia’s riseto powerdictatedhowtheir subjectsexecutedgovernance. Thecustomsof thepeopleof Macedonia becamepartof thecustomsof theconqueredstates.Alexander revealsthatthisrestoredjusticeandorderin theneighboringnationslike Thrace, Theban, andPhoenicia (Romm 56).

Theachievementsof King Alexander comparedto thatof his father

KingPhilip, whoprecededKing Alexander, is stillconsideredas one of thegreatestkingsin thehistoryof Macedonia. His sonAlexander, whosucceededhim, consideredhimself evenmorepowerfulthan his father.KingAlexander roseto thereign whenMacedonia wasstillin thegloriesof warandwealth.Hewas,therefore,chargedwith agreatdutyto ensurethatthesegloriescontinued.Hewould not conceivean ideawherebythenationwould stumblebackto its formercondition.Heuseshis manyachievementsas thebasisof his argument.

First,King Alexander continuedrulingwith theaimof makingMacedonia thegreatestnation.Hefirstgivesa situationwherebyhehadto repaythedebtshis fatherowedotherpeople.KingPhilip hada debtof 500 talents.It,therefore,translatesthatAlexander foundnothingworthwhilein theaccounts.Hetherefore,paidthe500 talentsandborrowed800 moreto aidin his expeditions(Romm 54).

Hefirstwagedwaragainst thePersians whohadcontrolof thebetterpartof thesea. Hesuccessfullyputthem under his rule.Hegainedcontrolof thegreatpassageandcould controla largefleetof ships.HealsoconqueredPhrygia, Miletus, Mia, Aeolis andLydia through fiercebattles.Alexander wasableto ventureinto thelandsthathis fatherhadnot daredto setfoot.Whengivingthisspeech,henarratesto his peoplethebattlestheybehavefoughtevenagainst somefearednations.Heboaststhatunder his command,veryfewmenlosttheir livesin war.

Unlikehis fatherwhogainedcontrolover manynationsandputthem under his rule,King Philip soughtto makepeacewith nationsin orderto builda bigempire.After his speech,wecan seehim givingcommandpositionsof his armyto somePersians. His dreamdidnot stopat onlygainingcontrolbutalsoin cultivatingpeaceamong his peopleandthesubjectsunder his rule(Romm 56).

Characteristicsof King Alexander’s rule

Fromthespeechthat King Alexander gave,wecan derivevariousaspectsof his rulethat helpedto riseandbecomeone of thegreatestkings.First,his rulehas thecharacteristicof selflessness. In his manyexpeditionsandsieges,thekingandhis mensecureda lotof spoils.Asa king,hecould havekepttheseforhimself andhis family.On thecontrary,thespoilsof warweresharedamong his men.In his speech,hesaysthathehas nothingmorethanwhatis due to him that makeshis ruleverytransparent.Secondly,thekingleadsby example.Alexander neversenthis mento warwithout involvinghimself. Hesaysthathebearseverymarkof warthat all his menbear(Romm 57). Itis an explanationthatthathewasalwayson thewarfrontduring thebattles.Itmay alsoexplainwhyhis menhadthemoraleto continuefightingalongside him.

Hisrulealsoembraceddemocracy.During thedeliveryof thisspeech,hegivesthepeoplea chanceto maketheir decision.After givingthean accountof whattranspiredfrom thetimeof King Philip up to his time,heleavesthepeopleto makea decisioneitherto stayorto leave.There is nocoercionin his voice.In theend,thepeoplefeelsomuchindebtedto their king,andtheyopt to stay.

Inconclusion,eachof thetwo kingshadhis shareof gloriesandsuccess.Their methodsof rulingweredifferent.KingPhilip raisedthenationfrom thegroundto a gloriousstate.ThoughKing Alexander foundMacedonia alreadyestablished,hehadagreattaskof ensuringretentionof theglory.

References

Romm,James, TheLandmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander(New York: Anchor, 2012).

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