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Thereis noreasonwecannot linkfactsandtheoriesacross disciplinesandcreatea commongroundworkof explanation.

Thequestforknowledgeformsa centralartin thehumanexistence.Humanbeingsseekto understandvariousthingsthat existin their time.Theyusedifferentpremisesto arriveat conclusions.One of theobservedaspectsis thatmanyconclusionsto differentphenomenarely on otherpremisesthat precedethem. Theapproachis a proofthatknowledgeis not onlydynamicbutalsointerdependent. Geographicalsettingsandhistoryare someof themainaspectsthat definetheknowledge.Peopleacross historyhavehaddifferentwaysexplainingthings.Thedifferenceis a resultof thedifferentmethodsof gatheringevidenceat thedisposalof scholars.However,thescholarsborrowfrom eachothera lot(Frisina 23).

Itis evidentthathumanbeingsare neversatisfiedwith theknowledge.Theyseekevenmoreunderstandingbasing their studieson pastexplanations.Thepurposeof thesestudiesandthequestto understandvariousphenomenais to providesuitableexplanationsduring thecurrenttime.Thequestis out of thefindingsthat emergeto disapprovepastevidence.Variousformsof knowledgehavebeenlinkedin thepast(Frisina 23). Theyincludemusic,mathematicsandtheuseof socialtheoryin learningmusic.Physicshas alsoborroweda lotfrom naturalsciences.

Thereis noreason,therefore,for,not linkingthevariousformsof knowledge.Wecan seethathumanknowledgehas accumulatedover time,andat eachsteppeoplepursuea differentkindof knowledge.Peoplefirststartedto pursuetheknowledgeof a matter,which is something that physicallysurroundspeople.Thestudyof naturalscienceswasinterestingbecausepeoplewereinterestedin themattersurroundingthem. After theyhadgaineda goodunderstandingof themattersurroundingthem, theywould wonderabout thepeoplearound them andtheculturethat theyproduced.Itwould be humansciencethatpeopleare interested.Knowledgehas constantlyaccumulatedthrough thismodelandpeopledividedknowledgeinto differentstandards.Wewill discussthisby examininginterdisciplinary studiesanddifferentareasof knowledge.

Thereare goodreasonsforcombiningdifferentareasof knowledgeto establisha commongroundworkof explanation.Combiningtheoriescould providea moreholistic explanationof theworld.Differentareasof knowledgelike naturalscienceandhumansciencecould be combinedto givemorediverseexplanationsto differenthappenings(Frisina 23).

Naturalsciencebases itself on factsandtheoriesproducedorjustifiedby empiricaldata. Thenatureof thissubjectrelies on objectivity. Naturalscienceproducesknowledgewhosehypothesisis testable. Itcould establisha commongroundworkbecauseitinterpretsempiricaldata by analyzingseveralvariables. One of thefundamentalrulesof naturalscienceis theideaof “conservation”.Thisprincipleappliesto allthree of corescientificfields,physics,chemistry, andbiology.From a physicist’sperspective,an examplewhereconservationruleis applicable,is in themotionsof objectsin termsof lossesandgainsof energy.Energycannot be producedordiminishedon its own.

Theideaof “conservation”alsoappliesto chemistry andbiology.Forexample,theequilibriumreactionin chemistry showshowa reactionreachesequilibriumby adjustingitself to thechangesin theenvironment.Ifthetemperatureof theenvironmentincreases,thereactionwill adjustitself to absorbheatto maintaintheequilibrium.Biologyalsocontainstheideaof equilibrium.

Allorganismshavetheir mechanismsto containa certainamountof blood,appropriatebodytemperature,andmoisture.Althoughthere might be specificdetailsthat don’tnecessarilyrelateto “conservation”,naturalsciencescould be concludedto be studiesof “conservation”in eachphysical,chemical,andbiologicalmodel.Aboveexampledemonstrateshowthere is an underlying theorythat could combinephysics,chemistry, andbiology.Thesignificanceof this“conservation”exampleis thatthree differentnaturalsciences,physics,chemistry, andbiologyprovidea commongroundworkof explanation(Bhaskar 26).

Theprincipleof conservationis alsocommonin theareaof humansciences,particularlyin economics.Neo-classical perspectiveof theeconomyrelies on theforceof themarket.Theystronglysupporttheideathatthemarkethas thepowerto allocateresourcesat mostefficiency.Therefore,eventhough,there is an interruptionin themarket,suchas taximpositions,themarketwill eventuallyreturnto its originalpositionto allocateresourcesefficiently. Theideaof conservationis alsoapplicablehere.Thereforeneo-classical stronglysupportfreemarketandopposeanymarketinterruptionto pursuemaximumefficiency.Theideaof conservationderivedfrom naturalscienceis alsoapplicableto humanscience,like economics.Ifpeoplerecognizethateverydisciplinecontainstheideaof conservation,theycould embracethedifferentschoolsof thoughtandcometo a commonground.

Asshownabove,theideaof conservationcould be discoveredin physics,chemistry, biology,andeconomics.Althoughitdoesnot explaintheentiremotionof theuniverseortheentireaspectof economics,itcan stillprovidea commongroundworkof explanation.Theapplicability of theconservationrulein economicsmay suggestthepossibilityof a “commongroundof explanation”.However,wecannot neglectthelimitationin thefeasibilityof an interdisciplinary explanationthat arisesfrom thedifferencesin natureof thedisciplines.In psychology,a phenomenonof individualsreturningto their originalmodeof happinessafter anegativeoccurrenceis observed.Theideaof balanceis alsopresentin psychology(Mancini andBonanno 146).

Consideringthemethodology that bothsciencesuse,wenoticethat,eventhough,bothare named“science”theyusea verydifferentmethodology.Bothbase their argumenton observationsof naturalhappeningsin theuniverse.However,humanscienceis moreinclinedto interpretinghumanbehavior.Theinclinationusesa differentapproachto studyinghumanbehavior.Theapproachusesquantifiable variables like in theothersciences.Due to its unreliableresults,humanscienceis oftencriticized.

Weoftenquestionifthehumanpersonalityis determinedgenetically ordevelopedby theinfluenceof environment.Itis consideredethicalto conductanimalbreeding experimentsandobservehowtheir offspringturnout. However,there lacks a definite methodonecan knowbecauseethicalissuesbindus. JayJoseph pointsout thisproblemin his book,The Gene Illusion, theresearchers’ biasplaguethetwinexperiment,unsoundmethodology, andrelianceon unsupported theoreticalassumptions(Jay 35). Suchdifferentmethodologiesimpedeto combinedifferentdisciplines.Itis thereforenot easyto someto acceptthata combinationof thedifferentdisciplinesis possibleeventhoughtheyhavecompletelydifferentmethodologies.

Thelimitationof feasibilityforfindinga commonexplanationacross disciplinesis clearin thenextexampleof religionandnaturalscience.The differencesin thewaysof knowingbetween thetwo areasexplainthediscrepancy.Firstly, religionis based on faith.Religionrelies on theholywordof God which is theabsolutetruth.Naturalscienceshypothesistheir studiesandtheytryto providean answerto supportorrejecttheir hypothesis.Theapproachesdifferbecausethetruthin religionis absoluteunlike in naturalsciencewhereitis soughtusingstudieswhosefindingsare subjectto critique.Astheexampleof evolutiontheoryshows,suchdisciplinescould not reconcilebecausetheypursuesuchdifferentmethodologies that explaintheuniverse.Whilescientistsbuilda hypothesis,conductexperimentsunder controlled conditionsandevaluateorjustifytheir hypothesis,religionputsmoreemphasison peoplebelievingwhathappenedbefore.

Theextentwhetherinterdisciplinary methodsestablisha commongroundworkof explanationalldepends on thenatureandmethodology of thedisciplines.Becausenaturalsciencessuchas physics,chemistry, andbiologysharea similarnature,thosethree could combineandforma commongroundworkof explanationconservation.However,in thecaseof religionandscience,bothare verydifferenttypeof disciplinesandpursueknowledgedifferently.Sciencehas not yetdisprovedtheexistenceof God. There is noempiricalstudyto showthatthere is noexistenceof a deity(Glass andMcCartney 340).

Thedisciplinescan reconcilebecausenone refersto theotheras futile.Theknowledgetheyfollowis validto an extentwheretheycritique eachother.Acommongroundis possibleifthispointis madeclear.Wemust alsothinkabout thefutureof interdisciplinary studies.Peoplehavedividedknowledgeby certainstandardsto exploreeachdisciplinemoredeeply.Combiningthoseagainto producemoreexplanationwill providea holistic understanding.

References

Bhaskar,Roy. Arealist theory of science.New York: Routledge, 2013. Print.

Frisina,Warren G. Theunity of knowledge and action: Toward a nonrepresentational theory ofknowledge.New York: Sun Press, 2012. Print.

Glass,David, and Mark McCartney. &quotExplaining and Explaining Away inScience and Religion.&quot Theologyand Science12.4 (2014): 338-361. Print.

Jay,Joseph. “TheUse of the Classical Twin Method in the Social and BehavioralSciences: The Fallacy Continues.”Journalof Mind and Behavior, 34.2(2014):1-39. Print.

Mancini,Anthony, George Bonanno. &quotStepping off the hedonic treadmill.&quotJournalof Individual Differences32.3 (2011): 144-152. Print.

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