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Article1:Socioeconomic Disadvantage And Child DevelopmentBy, VonnieC. Mcloyd,
Thearticle is about poverty and how it affects children’s performancein school, their IQ as well as their socio-emotional functioning. Inaddition to poverty, other factors that contribute to negative childdevelopment, such as lower teacher expectations, and poorer academicskills. Children brought up in poorer neighborhoods tends toexperience harsh parenting as well as exposure to numerous‘stressors’ and inconsistent parenting. Poverty has become morespread within inner-city neighborhoods hence there is reduced accessto adequate child care to the children born in these areas. Accordingto the author, maternal characteristics such as IQ, education have asignificant effect on children`s cognitive and verbal skills.Additionally, family income plays a key role toward childdevelopment. Children born in low socioeconomic backgrounds scorethe poorest in test scores and grade retentions as well as recordinga higher dropout rate compared to children born in stablesocioeconomic environments (McLoyd, 190).
Comparedto never-poor students, poverty is one of the factors that hinderdevelopment as well as performance of children in their lives. Poorstudents’ scores lower both in school and socially. The article isrelevant to the educators as it teaches them, the adverse impact ofpoverty on children’s IQ and education in general. With referenceto the article, it’s true the socioeconomic status of a family hasa direct impact in the child’s development. Teachers should in turnlearn to adjust the learning styles so as to accommodate all thestudents and not only favor the middle class ones. When teachereliminates the urban bias between the poor and well up children, thenthe achievement gap would shrink. However, in addition to thesocioeconomic disadvantage, other factors hinder effective childdevelopment, such as interpersonal relationships, biological andenvironmental factors as well as early life experiences.
Article2: InvisibleInequality: Social Class And Child Rearing In Black Families AndWhite FamiliesBy Annette Lareau
Accordingto the author, numerous empirical works that have been used to depictsocial inequality are narrowly developed and the author has used theexperiment comparing the black and the white ways of bringing up ofchildren, to bring out the evidence of inequality in social classesand parenting (child-rearing). There is a difference between themiddle class and the working class in the way they bring up theirchildren, according to the author, the poor and the working classpeople practices what is known as ‘accomplishment of naturalparenting’. The children under this class have plenty ofunstructured time. In contrast to this, middle class children areinvolved in matters affecting their lives directly. There is a gapbetween the ways of parenting between the two classes, and in turnthe way parenting has massive impacts on a child’s development(Lareau, 750).
Thedifference in the parenting styles as well as in social class entailssome of the factors that bring along inequality in a childdevelopment. The difference in spending within families of elementssuch as private tuition, schooling, and high-quality child care,among others has continued to grow between the poorest and thewealthiest Americans, hence illustrating the article’s argumentabout different access to the activities and products central to theconcerted cultivation model. In conclusion, the environment that achild is brought up in is very effective in shaping the level oflearning as well as the rate of development. Among the blacks and thewhites, the whites have had better and supportive environment withless hindrance to a child development. On the other hand, the blackfamilies are faced with more stressing elements than the whites andin turn reduced development rate among children. However, it’sclear that, in addition to social class and poverty, there arefactors that contribute to a child’s development.
Lareau,Annette. "Invisible Inequality: Social Class And Childrearing InBlack Families And
WhiteFamilies." AmericanSociological Review 67.5(2002): 747-776. BusinessSource Complete.Web. 28 Jan. 2015.
McLoyd,Vonnie C. "Socioeconomic Disadvantages And ChildDevelopment." American
Psychologist 53.2(1998): 185. BusinessSource Complete. Web.28 Jan. 2015.