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Shouldn`tLegalize Marijuana (Debate)
Oneof the most abused illegal drug globally today is Marijuana (Caulkinset al, 10).Over the time, laws have been enacted to control the production anduse of the drug among people. This is despite the fact that the drugis illegal in most parts of the world. Marijuana constitutes of thedried leaves, flowers and seeds of a plant known as Cannabis sativa.The active chemical ingredients in the drug, includingtetrahydrocannabinol (THC) alter the functioning of the brain, aswell as being addictive to the user. This paper looks into thereasons why the government shouldn’t legalize the use of Marijuana(Michael, 2015).
Thereare different effects associated with taking of marijuana. Many ofthe negative effects associated with marijuana taking, has greatlycontributed to the opinion that, the drug shouldn’t be legalized.The government of the United States should not legalize the use ofmarijuana. This is due to the fact that, use of marijuana affects thenormal functioning of the brain and this is what causes the‘highness’ as expressed by marijuana takers. Marijuana affectsthe endocannabinoid system which aids in normal brain communication.Thus, one experiences impaired coordination, slow thinking andreduced memory. The drug also affects brain development, especiallyin young people and may have irreversible effects, even to unbornbabies. This contributes greatly to reduced learning and memorycapacities due to brain impairment. In addition, the impaired brainfunctioning, reduces effective handling of machinery, increasing thechances of an accident (Caulkinset al,36)
Secondly,the use of marijuana subsequently affects the mental health of users.This is because the use of this drug over activates the brain, thuscausing one to have hallucinations. Use of marijuana also causesextreme depression and anxiety. It also triggers suicidal actions dueto low self-esteem. Most criminals also conduct their activitiesunder the influence of marijuana because the ‘high’ gives themconfidence and creates a barrier from their conscience (Sullum, 60).
Thirdly,smoking of marijuana also irritates the lungs, causing the users tohave chronic coughs and other chest problems. Increased heart rateincreases the chances of occurrence of heart attacks, especially forthe elderly. Prolonged use of marijuana also affects the immunesystem with reduced immunity to common illnesses such as the regularcold. Finally, legalization of marijuana would send a negativemessage to the children, such as drugs are acceptable and in turnlead to increase in drug use among the young people ("Pro &Con, 15).
Despitethe numerous demerits associated with taking of marijuana, there areno benefits associated with the drug. The drug has been identified tohave medical advantage, or health benefits. This has led to someStates in the United States, allowing the use of the drug for healthpurposes. The medical advantage behind marijuana has been understoodd to help patients with severe pains. However, the medical use ofthis should be controlled, as the drug is highly addictive. Inaddition to this, production and trading of the drug have beenassociated with a high rate of money circulation, through thelegalization of the drug, the much of the funds can be of great gainto the government revenue. However, this contradicts the idea that,much of the funds are used in controlling the drug use among peoplein order to manage and reduce the negative impacts associated withmarijuana taking. The much marijuana traded today does not in any waybenefit the government because the black market dominates this trade.Therefore legalizing marijuana would only expand the territories ofthe black market and as we all know increase the volume of the crimesyndicates (("Pro & Con, 22). Therefore, we believe thattrading marijuana will have insignificant benefits of society, ifany.
Withreference to information provided by‘Substance-Abuse-&-Mental-Health-Services-Administration’s’,23.5 million people aged 12 and above have been treated for anillicit drug problem. 20.4% of this number has been treated formarijuana related complications. The use of the drug among the youthaged 12-18 people have seen an increase from 11.9% to 16.6 % of thetotal number of people abusing the illicit drug (marijuana). Morethan half the abusers, is made of the whites, while black Americansmakes 26.2%. 30% of the people who takes bang, have reported a healthproblem caused by the taking of marijuana. The number ofpsychological problems caused by taking marijuana has continued toincrease among the abusers. Finally, more than half of illicit drugabusers begins with marijuana. Moreover, more than 75% of marijuanatakers are in one way or another affected by a negative effect ofmarijuana (Paculaet al, 215).
Inconclusion, Marijuana has adverse effects on human beings andignorance to these effects has contributed greatly to the continuedadvocacy for its legalization. Young people are being misled andgradually perceive this addictive drug positively. The risks involvedgreatly out do the few benefits of marijuana. In addition the medicalbenefits of marijuana are irrelevant because there are other forms oftreatment Therefore, we strongly believe that it is only rationalthat the government does not allow its legalization.
Caulkins,Jonathan P, Angela Hawken, Beau Kilmer, and Mark Kleiman. Marijuana
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Sullum,Jacob. "The War Over Weed." Reason 44.8(2013): 60-64. AcademicSearch Premier.
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"Pro& Con®." CongressionalDigest 93.8(2014): 12-31. AcademicSearch Premier.Web. 27
Pacula,Rosalie Liccardo, and Eric L. Sevigny. "Marijuana LiberalizationPolicies: Why We
Can`tLearn Much From Policy Still In Motion." JournalOf Policy Analysis & Management 33.1(2014): 212-221. BusinessSource Complete.Web. 27 Jan. 2015.