Organism Profile Order

OrganismProfile Order

OrganismProfile Order

TheNine-banded Armadillo, scientifically known as the Dasypusnovemcinctus hasover 20 species in existence today, yet very few people, bear vastknowledge of this fascinating creature. The animal operates innight-time and making it quite difficult to have frequentinteractions with man when it is in its natural habitat, thus, it israther difficult to study the creature. Apparently, over the 20species in existence, only one of these is found the United States,that is the Nine-banded Armadillo. This essay puts forth a briefprofile of the Nine-banded Armadillo.

Background

Accordingto the National Wildlife Federation (2014), armadillo is a word thatmeans “little armored one”. The animal’s name tends to misguideindividuals as it states, ‘Nine-bands’ that is mistakenlytranslated that all Armadillos have nine bands, whereas reality showthis may range between 7 to 11 bands on the different armors.Secondly, there is also the delusion that all armadillos have thecapacity to spin into a ball, yet only two species of this createbear the capacities to roll. Notably, the two species with theability to roll are both three-banded as recorded by the NationalWildlife federation (2014).

Anadult Armadillo will grow to be about 2.5 feet long and have anaverage weight of about 12 bounds. Armadillos mainly feed on insectsand invertebrates in addition, they bear a strong sense of smellthat aid in their feeding since they can smell way over 500 differentfoods (National Wildlife Federation, 2014).

Habitat

Theideal habitats for the Armadillo are warm, moist, that are eitherforested or grasslands. As such, the Pensacola, Florida marches as anideal home for the Nine-band armadillo. Notably, Florida is part ofthe Everglades Biome, that is part of Florida’s ecosystem entailboth terrestrial and aquatic biomes (University of Miami, n.d.).

LifeCycle

Accordingto the National Wildlife Federation (2014), in the wild, theArmadillo lives anywhere between 7 to 20 years, nevertheless, whereit held captive say in an animal orphanage, the Armadillo has berecorded to live up to 23 years. The creature’s characteristics ofreproduction play a big role in supporting the survival of thisspecies. Notably, they will breed over summer, only taking 14 weeksafter mating to have the embryo planted. A unique feature aboutArmadillos is that at any given go the female reprocess, it producesfour identical same sex armadillos. Baby armadillos are only nursedfor two months from where the normal diet consumed by the adults isadopted (New Hampshire, Public Television, 2014).

Structureand Function- Reproductive System

TheNine-banded Armadillo has a rather exceptional reproductive systemthis is in line with the placement and size of the animal’scomponents. For instance, the male nine-bands lack an externalscrotum, with its testes being internal on the other hand, thefemales bear a large clitoris. The reproductive tracts entail asimple uterus, a pair of ovaries, and a pair of oviducts. The femalearmadillo will only mate once a year, usually in early summer, whichis also the time copulation occurs, usually with the femalepositioned on her back (University of Michigan, 2014).

Evolutionof the Organism`

Whatwe see today in the modern day nine-band Armadillo is an evolutionthat has transpired over centuries. The first Armadillo looking likeliving things were glyptodon and panocthus, and just like the modernarmadillos, the armor protected the creature. The shell materialcomprised of bone, creating a hardened cover for the much neededprotection. Notably, in the presence of large animals, the protectionoffered by the shell was inadequate forcing the armadillos to spreadout into new habitants such as the Ohio River Valley, and laterspreading out across America. The modern day armadillo benefits fromits armor as it acts a much needed protector against such predatorsas black bears, pumas, and alligators.

Rose(2010), defines all species of armadillo to be under the mammalianorder Xenarthra that also covers sloths, anteaters, and other extinctforms of creatures such as the sloths and glyptodonts. This mammalianorder bear a distinction feature of having extra joints in theirbackbones. In addition, they are characterized by diggingadaptations, plus feeding on termites and ants.

AnInteresting Fact

Amazingly,there are quite a number of interesting facts about armadillos, forinstance, human have utilized the animal as delicacy, thus, acting asa source of food. The nine-banded have been given names such ashoover hog, and the poor man’s pork, by individuals who blamedpresident Hoover for the huge economic depression (National WildlifeFederation, 2014).

Accordingto the University of Michigan (2014), another fascinating fact isthat the nine-banded will employ a polygamous mating system,characterized by having more than a single female partner during themating season. Males during the mating season ensure they sustainclose proximity to the females they desire, notably, the proximity isonly during the mating season with male protecting the females itdesires from the rest.

Conclusion

Inconclusion, the nine-banded armadillo can be classified as aninteresting species, especially considering of the 20 species in thefamily it is the only one living in America. As such they make thestates they found in unique. Finally, the nine-banded armadillo hasbeen able adapt to changing time over the years continuing to fit inthe new environments.

References

ArmadilloOnline. (2014). Wheredid armadillos come from? Retrievedfrom http://armadillo- online.org/index.html

NationalWildlife Federation. (2014). Nine-bandedArmadillo. Retrievedfrom http://www.nwf.org/wildlife/wildlife-library/mammals/nine-banded-armadillo.aspx

NewHampshire Public Television. (2014). Nine-BandedArmadillo – Dasypus novemcinctus. Retrievedfrom http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/armadillo.htm#6

Rose.KD. (2010). Xenarthraand Pholidota (Armadillos, Anteaters, Sloths and Pangolins. Retrievedfrom http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0001556.html

Universityof Miami. (n.d.). Aquaticand terrestrial biomes. Retrievedfrom http://www.bio.miami.edu/ecosummer/lectures/lec_biomes.html

Universityof Michigan. (2014). Dasypusnovemcinctus: Nine-banded armadillo. Retrievedfrom http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Dasypus_novemcinctus/#reproduction

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