PICOT Statement




A PICOT question format is a “formula” for coming up withanswerable and researchable questions. It describes the best fourelements of a good clinical question and the format helps in findingevidence quicker and in a much more efficient manner (Boswell&amp Cannon, 2014).


I-Intervention orvariable of interest (risk behaviour, exposure to a disease,prognostic factor)

C- Comparison

O- Outcome(accuracy of diagnosis, risk of disease, rate of adverse outcome)


PICOTQuestion: Do bariatric adolescent patients undergoing gastricbypass have better care when the nurse is a primary member of theprofessional team versus when the nurse is a secondary memberproviding perioperative care without specialized training.

Population:Bariatric adolescents under gastric bypass surgery.

Intervention:The duties of the nurse providing perioperative care to bariatricadolescents as a primary member of a primary professional team.

Comparison:The task of a nurse without specialized training on perioperativecare of bariatric adolescent and as a basic member of a professionalsquad.

Outcome:When the nurse is a primary member of the professional team, thepatient (bariatric adolescent) receives better care.

Time:During perioperative hospitalization.

On the other and, population, topic of concern and results arepivotal to creating any PICOT question. Thinking or reflection is atechnique clinicians need to use in order to extract crucialinformation/variables from the clinical concept and use it in formingthe questions. For example, in the American Journal of Nursing casescenario, Carlos asked Rebecca to reflect on the clinical situation(American Journal of Nursing, 2010). Upon clarification andcompletion of the issue, the PICOT question is then put forward.Finally, an elaborated and reinforced PICOT question accelerates theprobability that the ultimate proof to apprise practice will beaccessed faster and in a standard manner. In conclusion, the PICOTquestions mostly serve to opening the meaning of a certain experiencewhere time is of no essence and hence not demanded.


AmericanJournal of Nursing. (2010). Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step:Asking the Clinical Question: A Key Step in Evidence-Based Practice.Retrieved from &lthttp://journals.lww.com/ajnonline/Fulltext/2010/03000/Evidence_Based_Practice,_Step_by_Step__Asking_the.28.aspx/&gt

Boswell, C., Boswell, C., &amp Cannon, S. (2014).&nbspIntroductionto nursing research: Incorporating evidence-based practice.Burlington, MA: Jones &amp Bartlett Learning.

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