PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY OF THERAPY
PSYCHODYNAMICTHEORY OF THERAPY
PsychodynamicTheory of Therapy
Thereare several theories that tend to explain the origin of psychologicaland mental problems and how therapist, psychiatrist, and counselorsapproach this kind of problems. Theories like cognitive behavioral,humanistic, psychodynamic and psychoanalysis to mention some.However, this paper will discuss the theory of psychodynamic.
Psychodynamictheory is one of the oldest theories of psychology that roots backfrom the 19thcentury. The theory views the patients from the basis of what theylack. Patients are regarded of being made up of dynamic thatcommences right from the childhood through their entire life. Thedynamism thinking of this school of thought makes it rigid for manytherapists to practice it hence leaving it in the Hands of thepsychiatrist. Psychiatrist normally spend much of their time to studythe psychology of people hence can be able to counsel patients wellusing the theory. They are well informed about the psychological andmental problems of patients and can counsel them better using thisschool of thought. The theory put more emphases on the background ofindividuals, which later has impact on adulthood problems.
SigmundFreud a pioneer of this theory argues that, in attempt to subscribeto these theory therapists tend examine the individuals from acomposite of parenting styles[ CITATION Nic132 l 1033 ].They tend to mitigate conflicts that exist between the patients andtheir parents and between patients themselves as they try to solvethem.He further argues that the personality of persons contributes totheir psychological problem. In conjunction with the personality,Personality consist of three elements namely id, ego, and super ego.The id is driven by the basic needs and it act in accordance to theprinciple of pleasure. It is what is inside people, which tell themto go ahead and do something. The ego is driven by the principle ofreality and it works to balance the super ego and the id. It is themediating force that push individuals to do what they do .The superego is driven by the principle of morality. Super ego is theconscience that people have to enable them differentiate betweenright and wrong. This kind of theory, focus on changing the behaviorsof the problem, thoughts, and feelings. It achieves them trough thediscovery of their unconscious meaning and motivation. The theoryadvocates adequate interaction between the therapist and the patientin attempt to solve the psychological problem.
Historyof the therapy
Therapyhas been existed since time immemorial however it became rampant asfrom the 19thcentury. At this period, changes of factors like economy, parentingskills and lack of advice from parents lead to poor communicationamong individuals[ CITATION Min072 l 1033 ].For instance,the economy forced both the husband and wife to work to afford abetter life. The action has contributed lack of respect as women, nolonger respected their husbands. The families loose the c Poorcommunication can lead to quarrelling even in the presence ofchildren and this concept of a homemaker and a breadwinner. Womentend to feel that they are the same as men or even better assometimes they earn more than their husbands do. Children raisedunder these conditions will tend to have this psychological problemin their future lives. Additionally as both parents were forced towork, they barely had time to raise their kids. Mostly kids were leftwith nannies who would sometimes nature the kids wrongly. Hence,development of psychological problems in both parents and young onesthat, is highly increasing in the current age.
Eventhough psychological problems existed during the time of greatgrandparents, it was rare. However, in the 19thcentury it increased due to lack of advice from the parents. Retiredparents relocated to interior places leaving young couples in townsto work. Initially parents used to advice their younger ones on howthey should respect one another both within themselves and in frontof their kids. Lack of the advice has contributed greatly in thepsychological problems today. Parents arguing in front of theirchildren, separation leading to children raised by single parents,and children got out of wedlock. According to our theory ofpsychodynamic, the theory argues that the problems that the adultsexperience source back from their childhood. Hence, if the parentsdisagree in the presence of their kids contributes to the futuredisagreement of these kids in their lives.
Thereis no exact numerical numbers on the exact population withpsychological problem. However, from statistics, the number was lessbut it is increasing in the recent time. This is due to changes ofparenting styles where parents bring up their children wrongly. Dueto that, kids tend to copy what their parents do later in theirlives[ CITATION Low101 l 1033 ].Quarrelling of parents in the presence of children affect thechildren mentally hence increase in psychological problems. Singleparenting and children born out of wedlock are affected psychologicalas they try to discover their real identity.
Fromstatistics the fact remains that psychological problems are increaseand therapist need to understand therapist concepts before startingto counsel the patients. From our theory, quality time between thetherapist and the patient, counts during the time of counseling.
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