Qualitative Design Method
QUALITATIVE DESIGN METHOD 4
Aqualitative research article written by ML Sengane (2009) looked atthe experience of black fathers regarding support for their partnersduring labor. The method used was phenomenological approach, whereunstructured interviews became conducted involving 10 black fathers.In the study, two groups of black fathers were selected group 1comprised of fathers that provided support to their partners/wiveswhile group 2 comprised of fathers that did not offer support totheir partners during labor (Sengane, 2009). In verifying andre-contextualizing data, a literature control was embarked on.
Thereare different strengths emanating from the use of phenomenologicalapproach. One of the strengths of the approach is that it offers anexceedingly rich and detailed explanation of the human experience(Polit &Beck,2008). This is to indicate that by Sengane using the approach in hisresearch, he was in a position to get rich and detailed explanationof the experience that black fathers have concerning the issue ofsupporting their partners during labor. Another strength of using theapproach is that the results come from the data rather than beingimposed through a statistical analysis. Besides, when using theapproach, it turns out to be fast and economical because less timeand resources are required in conducting research.
Onthe other hand, the phenomenological approach has a weakness in thatit is not remarkably effective, when one wants to understandprocesses or the importance that people attach to actions. Besides,another weakness of the approach is that it focuses on what is beingcurrently perceived concerning a situation (Polit &Beck,2008). This makes it cumbersome for policy makers to deduce actionsthat should be taken in the future. The approach has also beenindicated to have a weakness in the generation of theories.
Contrastingthe phonological design with the cross-sectional design,cross-sectional design does not yield the results that a researcheris looking for although it is economical, but phonological design islikely to offer the results that a researcher is looking for sincethe design is capable of providing rich and detailed explanation ofan aspect that a researcher is investigating.
Polit,D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2008). Nursingresearch: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice.Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/lippincott Williams &Wilkins.
Sengane,ML. (2009). Theexperience of black fathers concerning support for theirwives/partners during Labor,University of Limpopo.