Questions

QuestionOne

Ina stateadministeredby theruleof lawthedecisionby thehighestcourtin thelandis not onlybindingbutis alsotheverdictthat ought to be followedby allstates.Nonetheless,thishas notstoppedmanycivilsocietiesandindividualsfrom raisingconcernsabout theeffectof capitalpunishmenton criminals( Cole, Smith &amp DeJong, 2015). First,itis an acceptedprinciplethat anystateshould not accorditself supremerightto takeawayhumanlife,especiallywhenitdoessowith premeditationandceremonythatis thenameof peopleandin thenameof law.Deathsentenceis not onlyan intolerabledenialof civilrightandliberties,butitalsocontradictsthebasicvaluesof our democraticsystem(Schmalleger &amp Smykla, 2015).

Allevidencefrom varioussourcessuchas Amnesty International andUnited Nations showthatcapitalpunishmentis a squanderof publicfundsbecauseitdoesnot translateto improvedsecuritya andsafetybenefitto thepublic.Surveysconductedby Amnesty International in 2009 revealedthata deathsentencedoesnot detercriminalsfrom committingheinousactivities(Amnesty International, 2012). In reality,recentsurveysof policechiefsin theUnited States has showed thatcapitalpunishmentranklowestamong themitigationmeasuresof reducingcrimeratein United States. In thesurvey,itwasevidentthatincreasingthenumberof officers,improvingtheconditionof theeconomyandreducingdrugandsubstanceabuseare themosteffectivewayof reducingcrime.In effect,theFederal Bureau of Investigation has foundthatstatesthat enforcecapitalpunishmentexhibitthehighestlevel of crimein thecountry(Amnesty International, 2012).

In2000,theNew York Times conductedan intensivesurveyin theUnited States anddiscoveredthattherateof criminalactivitiesin statesthat havea deathsentencewas48 % higherthan in statesavoidthe deathpenalty.Federal Bureau of Investigation data illustratethatthe14 statein theUS withoutthe deathpenaltyhavea lowerrate- below thenationalaverage-of crime(Amnesty International, 2012).

QuestionTwo

Theappealprocessinvolvingmurdercasestakemanyyearsto becompletedandthisprocesscauseinsurmountablepainandagonyto both theoffender andthefamiliesof thevictim.Familiesofthe victimandtheoffender spendlargesumsof moneyto acquiretheservicesof competentlawyers.TheU.S Legal structurepermitsendlessdelaysandappealbefore thefinalverdictcan begiven.Whilethisis importantin orderto ensurewedonot executeinnocentindividuals,itmay be a sourceof agonyandmentaltortureto theoffender andthefamiliesof thevictimwhoare traumatized by theunfolding of theevents(Amnesty International, 2012).Appealsare aptto eliminatedoubtandreinforcethefaithof thepublicin thejudicialsystem.Itis a constitutionalrightandan aptwayof makingsuretheindividualsentencedto murderreceivejustice.Itis importantthatthestateis deemedto administerdeathsentencein a justway,andallowingappealsgoa longwayin achievingthisgoal( Cole, Smith &amp DeJong, 2015).

QuestionThree

Ithinka deathpenaltyis a necessaryandeffectivewayof punishingcriminalwhocommitheinouscrimesin thesociety.Activitiesthat carrya deathsentenceincludemurder,robberyandrapeandindividualswhocommitsuchcrimesshould not be allowedto livetogetherwith therestof thecivilizedcommunity.Itis alsoimportantto notethattheUnited States is governedby lawandorderandwhencriminalsinfringeon therightsof other,itis onlyappropriatethattheypaywith theheftiestpenaltythatis theirlife.

Myargumentsarebasedon thefollowingpreceptsdeathpenaltyis one of themosteffectivemethodsof incapacitatingcriminalssothattheydonot causeharmto thesociety.Deathsentencepermanentlyeliminatestheworstoffenders from our society,andthismakeitmoresafeandconferrable fortherestof us that longtermjailterms.Itis quiteevidentthatdeadcriminalscan not havean opportunityto carryout criminalactivitiesin incarcerationsorafter their release.Secondly,thecostof maintainingconvictsis prisonsare high.Moneyis a limitedresourceandauthoritiesshould spendto supportthesickandagedratherthan on criminalssuchas murderersandrapistswhohavecausedconsiderableharmto thesociety(Cole, Smith &amp DeJong, 2015).

Deathsentenceis dangerousanda cruelwayto punishoffenders, especiallybearingin mindthatin somecasesinnocentindividualsareputto death,andthere is noadequatewayof recompensingthem thismiscarriageof justice.Also,llof themurderprosecutionare peggedon theskillsof thedefenseattorneyandtheprosecutor. In actualsensetheonlypeoplewhoknowwhattranspiredbefore murderis themurdererandthevictim( Cole, Smith &amp DeJong, 2015). Without thevictimto givetheir sideof thestory,itis hardto knowthereasonforthe murder.

Finally,itis apparentthata deathsentenceis a ‘ blunttool’since itcompletelyremovestheindividual`shumanityandas suchthere is noopportunityforrehabilitation.

References

AmnestyInternational. (2012).TheDeath Penalty and Deterrence.Retrieved from:http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/death-penalty/us-death-penalty-facts/the-death-penalty-and-deterrence

Cole,G., Smith,C. &amp DeJong,C.(2015). CriminalJustice in America.NewYork: CengageLearning

Schmalleger,F., &amp Smykla, J. O. (2015). Correctionsin the 21st century(7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education

Related Posts

© All Right Reserved