Racism and Discrimination in the American Society


Racismand Discrimination in the American Society

Racismand Discrimination in the American Society


Themodern experiences of African Americans and other non-whitecommunities have experienced changes in the patterns of racism anddiscrimination. The idea of the innate inferiority of the AfricanAmerican community is no longer feasible but covert forms of racismand discrimination are dominant.

Itwas common to come across direct methods of discrimination before thecivil rights movement. By then, the state legitimized some of lawsthat aimed to demean black people. Federal and state governmentsenforced statutes that entrenched the artificial inferiority of blackpeople. After the civil rights movement, the covert ways replaced thedirect ways of racism. Majority groups subtly adopted institutional,residential, demographic trends that continued black segregation.

  1. Racism and discrimination in residential areas

Thehousing sector has evident and consequential forms of racialdiscrimination. The patterns in this discrimination are deliberateand direct than in other areas such as education and work. Racism inother areas such as employment is debatable unlike housing where theAfrican Americans communities live in distinct residential zones.Housing patterns are an equivalent of the segregationist laws inpractice.

    1. The formation of black ghettos: Urban life has been a scene for wide-scale residential segregation in the United States. As they African immigrants moved to the ghettos, they did not break up progressively with each succeeding generation.

2.0Attitudesand actions

Theattitudes of white people about discrimination have significantlychanged. However, they are ambivalent about translating the change ofaction into concrete actions that can enhance further integration(Williams, 2009).It is a common aspect of racial relations in housing, education,politics, and job distributions.

    1. Stereotypes: Blatant forms of prejudice are undesirable and there is a general decline of negative stereotypes. Nonetheless, traditional stereotypes of black people being poor, violent, and irresponsible are still potent in America.

    2. Social distance: On the general scale, whites have changed their attitudes toward racial integration and different levels of social distance have also changed. However, there is less change in attitude in real-life intimate contacts. Few black people today, regardless of their social class, are likely to associate with their white fellow employee outside the work environment. Again, most white are still opposed to the idea of living in places with a high proportion of black people.

    3. Changes in racial attitudes: As the nature of racism has changed after the civil rights movement, have the attitudes of whites toward African-Americans. There is much room for further improvement in these attitudinal shifts. However, there are also indications that some racist beliefs are still firmly rooted in the American thought. The change of attitudes emanates from changes in the following aspects that affect racial relations

  1. Dominative and aversive racism

What exists today is aversive racism not dominative racism. Withdominative racism, certain actions are done with the intention ofoppressing racial minorities and keep them subservient (Williams &ampCollins, 2011). By contrast, aversive racism is characterized byintentionally failing to take action and racial minorities are simplyignored where possible.

    1. The intrigues of aversive racism and discrimination: It is difficult to prosecute aversive racism because it is not overt but covert in expression and often unintentional and unconscious. For instance, people deny their racism but endorse political thoughts that are politically correct in a racial perspective.

  1. References

Williams,D. R. (2009). Race, socioeconomic status, and health the addedeffects of racism and discrimination. Annalsof the New York Academy of Sciences,896(1),173-188.

Williams,D. R., &amp Collins, C. (2011). Racial residential segregation: afundamental cause of racial disparities in health. Publichealth reports,116(5),404.

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