Research Ethics Case Study
RESEARCH ETHICS CASE STUDY 4
ResearchEthics Case Study
ResearchEthics Case Study
Researchhas always been one of the most important undertaking in both thecontemporary and traditional human society. This is particularly inthe case of nursing or medical research where studies are conductedto as to ensure the effectiveness and safety of medication prior toits dispatch to be used in treating varied ailments. Essentially, itwould be safe to say that research has a bearing on the health of thepopulation, which eventually determines the productivity ofindividuals and the country at large. Of particular note, however, isthe fact that a large proportion of research does not involve the useof human beings. Indeed, a large number if not all medications haveto be tried with animals so as to determine the effects they havebefore they can be used on human beings (Foster,2001).Even when, eventually, human beings are used, it is imperative thatthey sign an informed consent form, which is aimed at obtainingpermission prior to the carrying out of research and indicating thatthe individuals have agreed to participate in it without coercion andare well informed about what it entails.
Thereare varied elements that have to be incorporated in the informedconsent form. First, the client has to be provided with informationpertaining to the nature of the procedure that is to be used incarrying out research on his body (Hamricet al, 2014).Secondly, inform the patients that the procedures are experimentaland include information pertaining to the anticipated discomforts,harms, risks and inconvenience to the subject (Foster,2001).The consent form has include a description of the things that thesubject will be doing, as well as the time that the study will take.Possible benefits to the participant and the society from the study,as well as any alternative treatments or procedures would be detailed(Foster,2001).Other information would include statements on the confidential natureof the information, information that the subjects may withdraw fromthe research at any time with no loss of benefits or penalties. Ininstances where there are any consequences from withdrawal, theclients have to be informed in the informed consent (Hamricet al, 2014).
Thereare varied considerations when making a recruitment plan for thesubjects in the study. Key among them would be the effect or impactof the subtle and transient changes in mental status after theconsent process has been undertaken, the role that thepatient-delegated gatekeepers or family-members play, as well as theeffect that the conflicting or contradictory patient priorities haveon the research (Hamricet al, 2014).
Theuse of incentives in research is always controversial as there is afeeling that it either amounts to bribing the participants orcoercing them into participating in the research. Nevertheless, toensure that the incentive is does not become coercive, it isimperative that it does not override the principles pertaining tofreely provided and fully informed consent (Foster,2001).Indeed, it is important that the participants have perfect knowledgeprior to the beginning of the research that they can still withdrawor cease to participate in the research at any time without beingrequired to refund the payment. In the case of disadvantagedpatients, it is imperative that the incentives are not financial innature as this would not actually be an incentive but rather a formof coercion since they need the money.
Foster,C. (2001). Theethics of medical research on humans.Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Hamric,A. B., In Hanson, C. M., In Tracy, M. F., & In O`Grady, E. T.(2014).Advancedpractice nursing: An integrative approach.St.Louis, Missouri : Elsevier/Saunders