Response to Questions Number
ThomasHobbes and John Locke are both well-known social contract and naturallaw theorists however, they differ in terms of their stance andconclusions with reference to laws of nature. On the issue of humannature, Locke, takes the stand that, man is defined by nature as asocial animal, on the other hand, Hobbes stands by the idea that, thesociety doesn’t even exist, and the man isn’t a social animal.Both theorists believe men created governments, as they have giventhe ultimate power on political systems that they want however, thefunction of the government is taken differently by each. Withreference to Adam Smith’s statements, he would agree more withLocke’s views with reference to the human nature (Todd, 2009).
Havinggone through enslavement, he was sold as a slave as a boy coming toLondon to work as a slave. Equiano wrote about the horrors of slaveryand, even urged the parliament to abolish the practice. Slavery wasseen as an obstacle to enlightenment, as it was taken as the rootmetaphor of the western philosophy, and everything about powerrelations. Thinkers on enlightenment, viewed freedom as theacceptable value, however, this enlightenment took place at the timethe enslavement of non-Europeans was on the increase. The rise inenslavement was an obstacle to the enlightenment ideas and movementglobally (Collins, 2006). One of the major contributing aspects thatfueled to the aspect of slavery is the fact that, the practice had amassive effect on the regions, political and economic activity, andin turn abolishment of the practice would have had a negative impactto the economic stability of the regions.
Collins,J. (2006). Passage to Slavery, Passage to Freedom: Olaudah Equiano &the
Sea. MidwestQuarterly, 47(3),209-223.
Todd,W. F. (2009). The Philosophers of Freedom. EconomicEducation Bulletin, 49(11),31-41.