Response to Two Articles

Responseto Two Articles

Fromthe article, Learningthe Student Role: Kindergarten as Academic Boot Camp thatwas written by Gracey, the context in which kids of differentabilities and backgrounds become introduced into school and end upacquiring the student role has been highlighted. As such, I thinkGracey has positively depicted the role of the socialization process.In this article, Gracey has shown that socialization process is asignificant vehicle that transmits the values and norms of thestudent role. In fact, if it were not for the socialization process,it could be difficult to transmit the values and norms that identifywith the student role. According to the author, education can beconsidered synonymous with socialization. I agree with this opinionbecause education can be seen to include a variety of behaviors thatkids are introduced to so as to help the kids continue with the nextgeneration in a society. Besides, through education, learners becomesocialized. For instance, when kindergarten kids are introduced toschool during the first day, they learn how to become studentsthrough the program of activities in the school.

Onthe other hand, Gracey perceives kindergarten as the most crucialyear in which kids become prepared for their schooling throughlearning the role of student and that it prepares kids for largescale bureaucracies of the modern society. I partially agree withthis view because there are some student that can do poorly in thekindergarten and in their schooling, but can become good leaders oflarge scale occupational bureaucracies in the modern world, providedthey can do well in the entrepreneurial field. The question that canbe asked is whether all kids that perform well in the kindergartenend up being in large scale occupational bureaucracies.

Thearticle, Skills Formation and the Economics of Investing inDisadvantaged Children, written by Heckman, James, summarizes theeffects of early environments concerning child, adult, and adolescentachievement. According to the article, investing in the disadvantagedyoung kids is a rare public policy although it enhances productivityof the economy and society at large. I agree with this opinionbecause there are very little public policies targeting thedisadvantaged. One of the primary reasons is because there is lessrepresentation of the parents having disabled kids in the publicarena. This makes it difficult for the kids with disabilities to bewell planned for in the delivery of education. In case these youngkids are considered early and offered good education, they can be ina position to deliver economically just like other kids, when theydevelop.

Besides,the author is of the opinion that early interventions towards thedisadvantaged kids have higher returns compared to laterinterventions. I support this opinion because, whenever interventionsbecome introduced early, they can support disadvantages acquire manythings at an early age, which can be of benefit in the future insteadof introducing interventions when it is already late. Lateinterventions may not be effective since they may help in theattainment of the desired results, which makes early interventionshave higher returns compared to the late interventions. I agree thatinvestments in the older disadvantaged individuals can realizereturns however, there is a question that needs to be answeringconcerning the amount of investment and the returns is there anyneed of investing in older disadvantaged individuals given that theirlevel of return is little?


Gracey,L. Harry. Learningthe Student Role: Kindergarten as Academic Boot Camp.

Heckman,J. James. Skill Formation and the Economics of Investing inDisadvantaged Children. Science,New Series, Vol.312, No. 5782 (Jun. 30, 2006), pp. 1900-1902, American Associationfor the Advancement of Science.

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