Retrospective Analysis of Personality

RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF PERSONALITY

RetrospectiveAnalysis of Personality

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Question1

Areflection of my life history lays a foundation for most of mypersonality that I have today. Growing up in an extended family withnumerous cousins has played a major role in my life. Personalitytheories try to explain the factors that determine individualpersonalities. Every individual has imperfections that define him asmuch as the positive aspects of personality (winter,2014).The challenges I had when growing up were to identify the flaws andtrying to address them. It is not an easy task though it is theeffort that counts. Despite coming from a background of numerousfamily members, today I find it very hard to introduce myself toothers. It was simple to when growing up but it changed over time. Ibelieve that this is because I was used to being close to people whowere known to me. Today, deadlines do not stress me. When growing up,meeting deadline was an issue but I have now realized that evenwithout time limits it is my duty to accomplish a particular taskassigned. Growing in such a large family resulted to a lot of familygrudges among the family members. Two year ago during a family gettogether I was criticized for holding grudges during my childhood.Some even said that I would have won a Nobel Prize if that categoryexisted. This has changed over time and I am less concerned whensomeone wrongs me.

Onthe other hand, I have realized that there are some aspects ofpersonality that have stayed consistent. I have been brought up in abackground that demands telling the truth and giving a logicaldecision even if it hurts someone`s feelings. The other personalitythat has remained unchanged is that emotional experiences make mesad. It happens all the time when am watching emotional movies or anyother experience that I may come across. The other thing is that I amvery shy around strangers. I find it difficult to communicate withthem openly but after meeting on several occasions the shyness tendto disappear.

Question2

Thedevelopmental psychology identifies human development as a growth ofsocial relationships and cognitive abilities across a lifetime. It isimportant to comprehend development because it helps one identify thehuman behaviors. Numerous development theories have been establishedthat seek to identify the roles of nature and nurture in shapinghuman personality (winter, 2014). Nature refers to characteristicsthat are genetic in origin. They are inherited genetically. On theother hand nurture refers to qualities learned as an individual grow.Numerous debates are ongoing regarding the roles of nature andnurture in shaping personal traits. It has been accepted that bothfactors of nature and nurture affect personality among individuals inthe society. I consider some of my personality as elements of naturewhile others believe I derive them from the environment.

Majorityof the studies show that nature is in a person’s genes and thepersonality traits determined by genes do not change irrespective ofthe way a person was born and raised (Winter, 2014). Contrary,nurture refers to the childhood and how one was raised. For instance,one can be brought up in a family characterized with normal bodyheights but are malnourished when growing up leading to stuntedgrowth. I believe that my shyness is as a result of nature becausemost of my family members face the same issue. They have similarexperiences with strangers and I believe they have the same feelingstowards them as I do. Holding grudge was an element of nurture. Notevery member had grudges. I also changed my attitude due toenvironmental circumstance.

Question3

Thereare different theories that try to explain how people arrive at theirdecisions. It is therefore important to understand how individualsarrive at their conclusions. There are different sources of bias andaccuracy whenever people look back on their past history. Some arerelated to memory while others cognition. A memory bias refers to adeviation whereby a person recalls things in the past more easily ordifficultly than expected (winter,2014).Sometimes, a person can recall a situation in a different manner fromwhat actually occurred. For instance, rosy retrospection occurs whereone remembers the past as being better than it was while egocentricis recalling in a manner than seems self glorifying. In addition,cross-race effect occurs where one forgets people in the past becausethey are from other races.

Researchshows that it is easy to recall humorous issues as compared tonon-humorous ones. Older people also remember positive things easilyto negative effects. Studies shows that personality traits, currentemotions and coping efforts are some of the sources of recalling pasthistory experiences. They influence the future plans leading toenduring personal traits. Cognition is applicable to the oldergeneration whereby they acquire knowledge through experience andsenses (Winter,2014).Studies argue that old people benefit from a continuous engagement inactivities that stimulate them intellectually such as playing games,writing letter and reading among others. .

Question4

Theprimary goal of science is to give a reasonable explanation thatexplains the reality. Science of psychology places more emphasis onresults based on scientific studies because they rely on evidenceunlike personal experiences that depend on feelings and passions(Cattell, 2011). Scientific studies gather and evaluate datacollected under strict rules that helps the scientific model reflectreality. The scientific model is more popular because scientistsadopt the latest techniques and technologies that help them explorecomplex issues related to human behavior. They explore all forms ofbehaviors ranging from brain research to business, education andhealth issues. It has made enormous strides in establishing theprocess involved thinking, learning and remembering (Cattell, 2011).In addition, these scientific methods identify how people associatein different groups and organizations. They are dedicated at ensuringthe well being of the public through advanced science basedinnovations that help individuals understand their condition.

Thecriticism of personal experience and anecdotes is that everyone is apsychologist in his own way. People use common sense to explore theworld, other people`s behavior and their personal traits. Theinformation is unreliable because the finding could be from singleexperiences and observations leading to religious and racialprejudices (Cattell, 2011). Everybody uses common sense to makedecisions that influence the way they interact in the community andwith one another. There is no emphasis on results based on personalexperiences and anecdotes because it lack systematic evidenceinvolved and hence the results could be misleading leading to unfairtreatment of certain groups.

Reference

Cattell,R. B. (2011).&nbspThescientific analysis of personality.New Brunswick [u.a.: Aldine Transaction.

Winter,D. G. (2014).&nbspPersonality:Analysis and interpretation of lives.New York: McGraw-Hill.

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