Role of politics in promoting inequality
Roleof politics in promoting inequality
Thetheme of difference has been a primary focus for a long time.Inequality comes in different forms, for example, social inequality,economic inequality, and racial inequality among others. A situationof inequality is evident when one group of people accesses rights,resources or other privileges that are not available to anothergroup. Inequality comes in many forms and has different causes. A lotof concern has been given to the sub categories of inequality likegender inequality. However, few people talk about the main cause ofinequality that marks the daily life of citizens in any country. Acase of unfair treatment and injustice presents itself. Differentfactors instigate these forms of inequality. One of the leadingcauses of variation is the political institution.
Quitea good number of people believe that the political system is not aprinciple cause of the difference. The belief is due to theperception that the political organization is courts other causes andit cannot stand on its own. In this paper, this will be argued, andthe institution seen as a principle cause of inequality. In fact, thesystem acts as the mother of all other causes. The idea of powergives the domain an upper hand over the other considerations.
Ifwell addressed, the political field can abort a lot of inequalitiesthat are present in the society (Giddens, 2013).
Politicalmovements have been on the front line in deciding the course thatindividual countries will take. Some countries adopt Marxism ideaswhile others take the capitalist way. These are two different schoolsof thoughts with the latter bringing about a lot of inequalities.Political institutions that promote the capitalism place thecountries resources at the hands of the able people (Giddens,2013).Those that do not access the resources serve those who haveresources.
Theeconomic development of a country does not take place holistically.Economic inequality, for this reason, thrives. The political domaincannot wash itself clean of this inequality. Although some countrieshave developed faster because if embracing capitalism ideas, theschool of thought is not applicable in places where people faceanother set of variations like in the sub-Saharan Africa.
Itis the duty of every government to outline the way resources will beshared in a country. In the recent past, especially in developingcountries, being in terms with the government of the day hasdominated the basis on which resources get shared. Non-supportingregions receive fewer resources (Giddens, 2013). They are left behindin terms of social, infrastructural and technological development.The economic conditions of people in this kind of situation move fromgood to worse.
Forthis reason, we can look at politics as the primary cause ofinequality since economic inequality emanates from it. The inequalityfurther propagates if the people do not have the means to raise theirstatus. The issue of political favoritism takes root. Situations likethis show how the institution is a mother of inequalities. It is thesource of power and decision-making.
Thepolitical institution brings about social subordination I thesociety. The political idea leads to a situation of some people beingmore dominant than the others. Those who are perceived t bepolitically correct become influential and they have access to manyresources and positions (Thompson, 2012). Those who do not find achance in the government positions find themselves out when thenational cake is being shared. The share they get if any is subtle.In developing countries, the richest people are coincidentally in thepolitical arena. A bell rings in the mind on the role of politics inbring such a pronounced inequality.
Itis an accepted fact that people living in a country have differentlevels of access to resources. Factors such s historical injustices,resource endowment, economic activities among others instigate theseinequalities. The political body of the day is mandated to improvethe situation if, not to reverse it to address unequal distribution fwealth (Thompson, 2013). In this respect, the governments` socialsecurity system is adopted by many states. However, the operation fthe system in many countries is not up to the task. People who aredisfranchised materially are supposed to receive states help.
Thepolitical body decides through its organs decides whether toterminate or polish the system (Thompson, 2012). An excellent levelof inequality results in situations where vulnerable people do notreceive any help from the government. A closer look into countrieswhere political responsibility is upheld reveals that citizensreceive aid from the government in terms of monetary remittances andother in kind materials. The approach helps to reduce the gap betweenthe poor and the rich. On the other hand, failure to do this resultsin a small portion of wealthy citizens and a mass of peasants. Again,the political domain cannot free itself from this accusation.
Indeveloping countries, there emerge two classes of people the rulingclass and the rest of the people. The ruling class enjoys moreprivileges than e ordinary class of citizens. The kind of inequalitybrought about by this situation gives birth to other forms ofinequality in the social arena (Blofield, 2011).
figure1.below shows the effects of political inequality in Philippines withreference to access and control of resources retrieved fromhttp://www.voxeu.org/sites/default/files/image/FromAug2011/MendozaFig1.gif
Thepolitical classes in the developed world produce a variation in theper capita income among citizens. The income index used to measurethe wealth of political elites shows an enormous disparity betweenthose in politics and those who are not in politics. A culture ofcorruption develops and there is a lot of misuse of public resources.The gap between the rich and the poor continues to widen.
Thefigure below shows the growing political concern in china thateffects resource distribution retrieved fromhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19953634
Thefigure below shows the widening gap between the rich and the poor indeveloping countries retrieved fromhttp://freedomkeys.com/gapgraph.jpg
Inthe political arena, two forms of governance can be established. Someleaders will embrace democratic rule while others will resolve tofollow the authoritarian rule. The subjects under these two forms ofgovernance do not live under the same conditions. Authoritarianleaders tend to be oriented to personal interests and thus to put thecitizens at risk of vulnerability. The ideology is evident in a goodnumber of countries in the developing world like in Africa. Thepolitical ideology makes some countries to be denied financial aid.Sanctions are put in place to control their funds that they receiveinform of grants from other countries. In such a situation thecitizens of that particular country are left to deal with theirproblems. The situation is entirely brought about by politics. Thecitizens of that country live in an isolated world. When laid in theinternational forum, an inequality is clearly visible (Blotfield,2011). The level of political democracy is different with that ofother countries. There is a difference in freedom of expression andaccess to resources. Cases of such political intentions are evidentin third world countries and some countries in the East.
Thepolitical systems determine the autonomy of social and civilorganizations. Autonomous civil society that is free from governmentcontrol and interference can deliver their mandate. In suchcountries, the level of human right observance is high due to theoversight role of the civil society. The civil organizations meet theneeds of citizens of a particular area that cannot be met by thegovernment. They also perform the oversight role to represent thepeople. In countries where the political systems suppress civilorganizations, corruption and misuse of resources thrives. Thenecessities that citizens need to be provided with are with heldwithout reason. On the other hand, political systems that intimidatecivil societies contravene the rights accorded to citizens by theinternational treaties.
Insome regions, political figures practice cultural political that isbased on divisive grounds. Reliable racial difference arises, anddisadvantaged citizens are placed on the suffering end. The reasonbehind this is that they are considered to be politically incorrectwith reference to their representatives in politics. A tug of warbetween political figures trickles down quickly to the subjects.Those on the receiving end receive indigent services having lost themto the advantaged group. These cases are common in places wherehistorical injustices are conceived. The inequality is seen as atribal or ethnic, but it is worth to mention that they are designedin the political arena.
Inthe international arena, different regional bodies form alliancesbasing their guidelines on political ideology. Countries resolve tofollow the same political direction come together to share theirresources (Guo & sun, 2013). They form blocks of trade andexchange of resources. Neighboring countries with different politicalideology are left out. These blocks enjoy free markets, unlike thenon-members. In this international arena, an inequality of a highermagnitude is evident (Guo & sun, 2013). Some countries facesanctions due to the failure to adhere to the declared politicaldirection. The inequality is passed on to the citizens. They are notable to enjoy resources and free markets found in the neighboringcountries.
Inconclusion, politics plays the primary role in the conception anddevelopment f inequalities. The role of political leaders inpromoting inequality is most profound in the world. Regional politicsis cultural politics is some of the most common sources of inequalityin the world. The most important thing to note is that no country canlive in its non- political island. Politics comprises the grounds ofevery government. The institution is best placed to avert all theother forms of inequality since they sprout from it. However, therole of the institutions in this is not given a lot of importance andthe successors of government positions continue their successors`practices.
Itis imperative to use the power given to the political domain tombearing about equal access to resources both economic and social.Citizens need to be accorded the same privileges that are not definedby their class or political affiliation.
Guo,Y., & Sun, W. (2013). UnequalChina: The political economy and cultural politics of inequality.Routledge: New York.
Thompson,M. (2011). The Politicsof Inequality: A political history of the idea of economic inequalityin America.Routledge: New York.
Blofield,M. (2011). Thegreat gap in inequality and the politics of redistribution in LatinAmerica. Pennsylvania University Press:Philadelphia.
Giddens,A. (2013). TheRenewal of Social Democracy:Polity Press: Cambridge.
Wike,R. (2012, October 16). China inequality causes unease – Pew survey.BBCNews Asia.Web. Retrieved on February 7, 2014 fromhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19953634