Inaccordance withCrocker and Luhtanen (2003),low self-esteem is a prediction of social problems. Nevertheless,according to the research carried out by these authors, it is not aprediction of financial and academic problems. These are conclusionsof a study that was carried out which involved 642 college studentswho were participants in the research. For the reason that theconclusion is based on research with a large sample size, they can beconsidered valid. Accordingly, contingencies of self-worthy aredetermined by the type of personality. Therefore, when determiningself-worth among participants, the personality types of theindividuals have to be established first. In the same lines, socialissues like family support play a role in self-worthy. This meansthat students and people generally have to have the support of theirfamilies to feel they are worthy(Crocker &amp Luhtanen, 2003).Conversely the level of self-esteem cannot be used to predictacademic problems. Thus, a person with low self-esteem can stillperform highly. This means that self-esteem does not a strong effecton the intellectual capacity of an individual.


Understandingthe self-esteem of an individual is important since this providesvital information about an individual. It is unfortunate thatpsychologist do not have effective and reliable methods of measuringthe self-esteem of an individual. They rely on asking peoplequestions about how they feel about themselves yet people rarely saynegative things about the self(Baumeister &amp Campbell, 2005).This article harmonizes with the first article on the fact thatself-esteem is not a strong predictor of academic achievement. Thismeans that academic results cannot be used to determine theself-esteem of a person. Social support is a key factor inself-esteem determination. Students with higher self esteem are morewilling to disregard risks are prone to engaging in sex. In the samelines, unwanted pregnancies and bad sexual experiences decreaseself-esteem. This means that, those who have gone through suchexperiences should be counseled and empowered so as not to benegatively affected. On the other hand, those who bully pother do sodue to self-doubts and they suffer from insecurities(Baumeister &amp Campbell, 2005).Their esteem has to be boosted to mitigate their behavior.


Baumeister,R. &amp Campbell, J. (2005). Exploring the Self-Worthy Myth.ScientificAmerican Mind, 16(4),50-7.

Crocker,J. &amp Luhtanen, R. (2003). Level of and Contingenciesof Self-Worth: Unique Effects on Academic, Social, and FinancialProblems in College Students. Personalityand Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(6),701-12.

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