Sexual Assault and Harassment of Women in the Military

SEXUAL ASSAULT AND HARASSMENT OF WOMEN IN THE MILITARY 5

Outline:

Topic: Women compared to men face more exposure to sexualattack and harassment in the military. The rate is also greater amidmilitary members compared to women civilians. This is associated withwomen being a minority group in all military services. They arefrequently in conditions that expose them to becoming targets ofassault or harassment. Whereas one in six female citizens facessexual assault, the figure is one in three for women serving in themilitary. The assaults are worsened by the fact that the happeningsinvolve more than a single perpetrator, while the women may become avictim more than once. Research also demonstrates that few women arewilling to report the cases.

General purpose: Demonstrate the extreme of sexualassault/harassment women in the military experience and barriers tojustice.

Research Question: Why has the figure of sexually assaultedand harassed females in the military increased and why do victimsfail to report such incidents, or what are the barriers to justice?

Thesis Statement: Despite efforts made towards ensuringequality and social accountability towards each other, forindividuals serving in the military, the figure of women that havebeen victims of sexual assault progresses to increase. Most of thesewomen fail to report the cases and end up living with the trauma allthrough their military service.

  1. Sexual assault and harassment of females in the military is on the rise.

  2. Women become victims of perpetrators in more than one incidence.

  3. Most of the women are unwilling to report the assaults.

Body

  1. Women in the military are more prone to sexual assault

  2. Barriers to justice

  3. Conditions in the military that make women victims of sexual assault, in addition to harassment

  4. Strategies the US military has taken in avoiding such behaviors.

Conclusion

  1. Sexual attacks and harassing of females in the military is on the rise.

  2. There is need to encourage more victims to report.

  3. There is need for more stringent actions towards perpetrators.

References

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Hagopian, J. (2014). Sexual assault against women in the U.S ArmedForces. Global Research, 1-1.

Herrick, C. (2011). Bystander Intervention key to stopping assault.U.S. Air Force Website. Retrieved fromhttp://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123251086

Leardmann, C. A., Pietrucha, A., Magruder, K. M &amp Smith, B.(2013). Combat deployment is associated with sexual harassment orsexual assault in a large, female military cohort. Women’s HealthIssues, 23(4), 215-23.

Mason, R. C. (2012). Military Justice: Courts-martial, an overview.The Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved from:http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/ R41739.pdf

Murdoch, V. (2004). Prevalence of in-service and post-service sexualassault among combat and noncombat veterans applying for departmentof veterans’ affairs posttraumatic stress disorder disabilitybenefits. Military Medicine, 169(5), 392-395.

Nantais, C., &amp Lee, M. F.(1999). Women in the United States Military: Protectors or protected? The case of prisoner of war Melissa Rathbun-Nealy.Journalof Gender Studies,&nbsp8(2),181- 191.

National Sexual Violence Resource Center, NSVRC. (2013).Sexual Violence in the Military: A Guide for Civilians Advocates,1-25.

Sadler, A. G., Booth, B., Cook, B. L &amp Doebbeling, B. (2003).Factors associated with women’s risk of rape in the militaryenvironment. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 43, 262-273.

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