Sociology Social Care in Context
SOCIOLOGY: SOCIAL CARE IN CONTEXT 9
Sociology:Social Care in Context
Thesocial conflict theory refers to a macro-oriented prototype thatdescribes the society as a sector of inequality and leads to socialchange and conflict. It is also described as a struggle for supremacyamong social groups in the society competing for limited resource(Abbott & Wallace 2011). The fundamental sociological conceptsconsidered in this view are socialization, social stratification, andpower. It means that the society is structured in a way it is ofconvenience to a few at the cost of the majority. Factors such assex, age, race and class are associated with social inequality. Theconflict theory demonstrates the relationship between minorities vs.authoritative group as well as explaining the origins of social ranksand oppression. Karl Marx developed the social conflict theory andanalyses it in a deeper perspective (Abbott et al., 2009).
Theconflict theory is derived from Karl Marx who was a philosopher and asocial scientist. Karl divided the society into groups that competefor financial resources. The aim of this approach was to producesocial order that is maintained and controlled by those withconsiderable social resources. As stated by conflict theory,inconsistency occurs because those controlling the resources do sofor their advantages (Hanlon, 2012). People with vast resourcesexercise power over others and imbalance result in the organization.Awareness is created on gender as this creates opportunities andstruggles in the community. Sociological theories argue thephenomenon of female dominance profession and concentrate on positiveimpacts in the society (Zastrow, 2010). Conflict theories areconflicted and lead to changes in the society. In social sciences,social stratification refers to the division of people in social,economic groups. Attention is focused to different imbalancedpositions occupied by people in the society (Bond, 2012).
Thesocial care profession is described as a female dominated profession.This is because most people believe that it is a caring professionand related to femininity. Social work is concerned withprofessionals like nursing and teaching. However, the assumption thatthese professionals are linked to women is uncertain (Zastrow,2010).Socialcare refers to work that reinforce people with disabilities, illness,old and activities of the personal life. This work has beenidentified globally as a woman-dominated trade with over 95% of theworkers being women. Majority of the arguments are based on itsnature of caring, gender and occupational characteristics. Gender isrelated to power and authority. Men tend to centralize in areas ofpower even when such areas are female dominated. Traditionally,social work has been referred to as female work requiring femaleexpertise. The conflict theory explains that the nature of the jobhas limitations and career growth opportunities (Hanlon,2012).Despite the fact that this job is tiring and expensive to both theperson and the society at large, it is poorly compensated.
Socializationrefers to the process of disseminating norms and ideologies byproviding people with the required skills to participate in certaingroups in the society. It is the means of attaining both social andculture. One of sociological theories that help explain why socialcare is a female dominated profession is feminist theory (Abbott& Wallace 2011).The theory explains the position of both men and women in thesociety. It also tries to argue on their differences includingethnicity, race, sexuality, age and gender. Feminist theory is biasedas it works giving voice to women by identifying the various waysthat women contribute to the community. Different feminist theorieshave been used to demonstrate the understanding of sociologicaltheory and concepts. These principles have also been applied toinform the understanding of the phenomenon why social care isreferred as a female-dominated profession (Abbottet al., 2009).
Thefirst argument is on gender differences. Gender difference focus onhow the social situations and experience differ from those of men.For instance, the cultural feminist deal with the values relating towomanhood as the main reason there exist a social difference betweenthem (Abbott& Wallace 2011).In addition, the theory explains that most of the work is based ongender differences and division of labor in households. Theassumption that social work is for women has greatly influenced thesociety. Most social work is regarded as women chores, and hencemajority of women dominate this profession (Abbottet al., 2009).In most instances, women have been marginalized and referred as“others” hence being denied the chances for self-actualization.
Theother argument that explains why social care is a female dominatedprofession is gender inequality. The theory argues that womenlocation, experience and social situations are different and unequalto those of men (Abbottet al., 2009).Liberal feminist demonstrate that women have a similar moralreasoning capacities as men, but the structure of labor grouping hasdenied women the chance to express their thinking. Women have beendelegated the household duties and kept away from the public domain.In instances where women are exposed to the public sphere, they areallocated individual tasks (Abbottet al., 2009).However, to achieve equality, labor division according to gender inboth public and private should be altered.
Conflicttheory relates to socialization because it describes how childrenacquire skills to carry out some functions in the society.Socialization is the most persuasive learning exercise that humaninfants can get. The experience differs with other living thingsbecause their behaviors’ are biological while individuals requiresocial experiences to know their culture and survive (Rego, 2013).After socialization with family and community at large, the cultureexpression is identified people learn through it. The assumption offemale dominance in social care has been passed from generation togeneration. Various forms of socialization best argue on thedominance of women in social work. First, group socializationexplains that peer group affects the behavior and personality of aperson (Rego, 2013). Research shows that the youth spend most oftheir time with friends than parents. This means that they influencepersonal development more.
Secondly,gender socialization involves determining the attitudes of differenttypes of sex. It includes teaching boys to behave as boys and girlslearn to be girls. The learning is accomplished by numerous agents ofsocializations, and the parents reinforce the gender roles (Bukodi &Dex 2011). It is easier to learn such phenomenon and adapt them asone grows up hence passing them from one generation to the other. Thethird form of socialization is culture. Cultural socialization isparental activities that educate their children on their heritage.Different parents differ in their parenting techniques and thesematters when the child becomes an adult. Some prepare their childrenon how to overcome discrimination and awareness to races while thewise parents help them to treat people with equality (Rego, 2013).
Conventionally,social care is described as a female dominated profession. This showsthat having male in this profession seems abnormal and is likely toresult to disgrace. Traditionally, this profession is recognized as acaring work and people relate its warmhearted nature with femininity(Battel-Kirk& Pudy 2010).Social care involves working with disadvantaged people in thesociety, marginalized as well those requiring particular attention.The caring nature of women best suits this profession because theycan work with people who need motherly love, good care as well asfamilies. However, this assumption is untrue as the primary objectiveof social care profession is to provide an enabling environment inthe society irrespective of gender.
Delamontdemonstratedconflict theory by explaining why social care is referred as a femaleprofession. It is distinguished as part of the traditional nurturingrole of women, percentage and prestige of women in before time. Thesefeatures have resulted to misinterpretation of social work as awoman-dominated profession (Delamont, 2012).
Thefirst case that relates social responsibility as a female professionis the women`s work. The idea developed due to women`s ability tonurture naturally. The development function works best on socialwork. Years back, women`s were allocated responsibilities ofcaretaking which later grew to be a job (Battel-Kirk & Pudy2010). For instance, an extension of their household duties includescivic housekeeping and activities related to public heath such assewage disposal. However, the assumption that the nurturing aspectof women makes them suitable for social work is uncertain as itchallenges other essential elements such as analytical thinking andadministrative decisiveness.
Theother argument that tries to explain why social care is a femaledominated profession is a female majority. Research shows that womencompose the majority of the members. However, this does not mean thatthey should have more power or control. It is also proved that themajority of women dominate the nonprofit making sectors, but theirinfluence does not balance their statistical predominance (Bukodi &Dex 2011). Although women have majority practitioners in social care,they do not participate in administration or policy-making. Women arethe foot soldiers while the men dominate. Research shows that the fewmen who are involved in social work earn high salaries than theirfemale colleagues. Men hold senior managerial positions and areeasily promoted as compared to female counterparts.
Thereare numerous arguments against female dominance in the social careprofession. The practitioners interface directly with people in thesociety who have high expectations that they will make the communitya better place. The society expects social health care professionalswho will improve their wellbeing as well offering various lifeopportunities (Anderson,2013).Social care plays an important role in the community by influencingindividual behaviors and actions. Thus, the professionals should bepeople who understand people`s interaction with the communityregardless of their gender. They should also impact the social,economic and personal life. On the same point, the organizationanticipates professionals who protect the welfare of the communityand their families (Hanlon,2012).It is of importance to note that social care is not gender biasedpractitioners should choose careers that best suits them.
Theother argument against the phenomenon is that professionals areexpected to respect individual dignity. They should protectexploitation and neglect in the society and instead promotetransparency. Families are the building units in a society and hencethe expectations of the society such match that of the family inrespect to the role played by social care professionals. Despite theclaim that this is a female profession, parents should also encouragetheir children to pursue careers that will enable them transform thesociety (Hanlon,2012).The negative experiences that men encounter humiliation should beeliminated and instead seen as an opportunity for betterment of thesociety.
Sincethe ancient days, men have held most of the resources making womendependent on them. Men had the power, and they fought to ensure thatthey are in control of all the resources. A German sociologist knownas Friedrich Engels studied gender roles guided by the views of KarlMarx. He summarized by saying that the labor force relationshipbetween the worker and owner should be established in households.Most of the theorists argued that when women start earning, they gainpower in the family (Abbott et al., 2009). Conflict theorydemonstrates for status quo as well as encouraging social change.Regardless of the gender, social care professionals should beindividuals who are guided by their values so as to handle thechallenges with profession. Male practitioners should also be part ofthis job and can bring fresh ideas and opinions on matters related todomestic violence and child abuse (Hanlon, 2012). Having males insocial care would improve discipline as well making it different inmany aspects.
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Rego,R. (2013). Thetrend towards the European deregulation of professions and its impacton Portugal under crisis.Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Zastrow,C. (2010). Introductionto social work and social welfare: Empowering people. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.