Solution-based & Narrative Therapy
Solution-based& Narrative Therapy
SolutionFocused Therapy, also known as Solution Focused Brief Therapy orBrief Solution Focused Therapy is goal oriented therapy. It focuseson the present, future, as well as solutions rather than the problemsthat make clients seek therapy (Nichols, 2013). As the name suggests,this therapy plays a significant role in helping client’s diverseways of obtaining solutions necessary for bringing on reasonable andrealistic relief in a quick manner. Narrative therapy, on the otherhand, refers to a therapy that aims at separating individuals fromvarious problems that they encounter or face (Lipchik,E., & de Shazer, 2012).Undeniably, this therapy help such individuals capitalize on theirskills, abilities, values, competencies, commitments, and beliefs,which help them deal with the problems affecting their lives in aproper manner (De Shaver, 2012). Today narrative therapy isconsidered to be a mainstream modality in many contexts around theworld.
Recentresearch show that 80% success rate on clients receiving solutionfocused therapy treatment for problems including eating disorders,suicidal thoughts, depression, sexual problems, family violence andparent-child conflict thus presenting strong evidence that solutionfocused therapy is effective (Nichols, 2013). Other recent researchstudies conclude that solution focused therapy is also effective ingroup therapy, occupation therapy setting, in schools, in social workagencies and in prisons. (De Jong & Berg, 2013).
Therole of the therapist in solution focused therapy is to have aclient-therapist relationship that is solution-oriented. The clienthas to feel the therapist heard them and understood them thus helpingthem notice their strengths and improvements. (Nichols, 2013)
Nichols(2013) findings on narrative therapy sought to facilitate study onnarrative approaches to individual, family and communitypsychological practice. The findings identified and demonstrated theeffectiveness of narrative therapy as true evidence basedintervention for most patients. These approaches play a key role inenhancing therapists’ ability to separate the client from his orher problem and to engage his or her clients in collaborative andresourceful conversations. (Beels, 2009)
Otherrecent studies show the connections between practices of research andnarrative therapy and describe some of the common research practicesthat are carried out by therapists. Such practices include tests andexamination on the real outcomes and effects of narrative practices(Nichols, 2013).
Therefore,the role of the therapist in narrative therapy is to assist theclient deal with problems or difficulties for which they are seekingtherapy for by asking questions and having conversations with theclient.
Solutionfocused therapy is a goal driven therapy. Client’s goals determinethe direction of the therapy and therapy usually ends when thesegoals are reached or when they feel they are well and no longer needtherapy. The role of a therapist is help clients become aware oftheir successes making them more confident hence, hence improvetheir lives. Narrativetherapy is based on the idea that individuals make meaning of ourlives through the legacy they leave behind. Thus, the role of thetherapist should not be being an expert on a client’s life but onhelping a client discover the hidden and unrecognized possibilitiescontained within them through conversations with the client.
Beels,C. C. (2009). Some Historical Conditions of Narrative Work. FamilyProcess, 48(3),363-78.
DeJong, P., & Berg, I. K. (2013). Interviewingfor solutions.Pacific Grove, CA, USA: Brooks/Cole.
DeShazer, S. (2012). Patternsof brief family therapy: An ecosystemic approach.New York: The Guilford.
Lipchik,E., & de Shazer, S. (2012). The purposeful interview. Journalof Strategic and Systematic Therapies,5(1), 88–89.
Nichols,M. P. (2013). Familytherapy: Concepts and methods.Boston: Pearson.