Sources of Power Number

Sourcesof Power

Number:

Sourcesof Power

Inits simplest definition, power is regarded as the ability toinfluence to behavior of other people using different tactics to pushor prompt action. It is as well referred as the possession ofauthority and influence over others. Depending on how it is used,power can lead to either positive or negative outcomes. There aredifferent sources of power that one can gain power in differentplaces such as country, organization or any other place thatleadership is required. Additionally, there are different types ofpower that are used in different scenarios. This paper looks intodifferent sources of power through analysis of the different sourcesof power, identifying helpful information from the sources, andfinally explaining how to apply the information learnt from thesources to influence employees in the places of work (Green,1999).

  1. Analysis of Sources of Power

Theelement of power has been in use for whether in leadership or not.For different types of leadership to be effective, power andinfluence are two key elements in leadership. However, the two areoften confused. In an organization, setting power is defined indifferent ways such as the ability to control other workersbehaviors. Power is irrelevant without people to perceive it, as itis referred as the relationship between people. In abroad approach,power can be divided into two different categories namely PositionPowerand PersonalPower.Despite being different from power, authority and power areinter-connected. Power can be either legitimate or illegitimatedepending on how it is being applied and with the different types ofpower practices by individuals, organization, and countries thedifferent types of powers comes to existence.

Oneof the key ad major types of power is the RewardPower,which entails the ability to influence subordinates in anorganization by recognizing and rewarding their desirable behaviors.If used in the right way, reward power is used to motivate employees,but when used inappropriately, it diminishes the employees output inan organization (Saul,2015).

Anothertype of power is the CoercivePower.This is derived from a person’s ability to influence others throughthreats sanctions and punishments. It’s used in organizations tocontrol the employee behaviors through ensuring they keep up withorganizations norms and policies. Other forms of power includeReferentPower,which is derived from respect one gets form his fellow workmatesthrough trust and respect. There is also the ExpertPowerthat is possess when one possess knowledge or an expertise in aparticular area, and finally LegitimatePoweror positional power this is derived from a person’s position in anorganizations hierarchy. Such as managers assigning duties to theirjuniors. In an organizations setting the major sources of powerinclude legitimate, reward and coercive powers. Despite theexistence of two major forms of power that are used by leaders,effective leaders are believed to apply more of their personal powerthan positional power. However, position power remains to vital andit interacts in complex ways with personal power to determine aleader’s influence on subordinates in any given organization. Theexpert and the personal powers are categorized under personal sourcesof power (French&amp Raven, 2015).

Withinan organizations, setting there are different sources of power thatmay be found. According to Green,(1999), one source of power within an organization is the formalauthority, which is connected to the position help within anorganization. Moreover, power is obtained through implementation oforganization structure, rules, and regulations. Other sources ofpower that are less influential in a place of work is theinformational power that is possessed when an individual possess anyneeded information. However, this is a short time power, which rarelyinfluences credibility. There is also the connection power, which isattained through favour or through association with a powerful personwithin an organization. This power is all about networking. In anorganization and particularly leadership, there is a thin linebetween authority and power. Power is the ability to influenceevents, while authority is the rights given to a manager to achieveorganizations objectives.

Inrecent times, ther has been evolution in terms of types of leadershipstyles, as organizations has adopted more styles that are inclusive,such that, all parties in an organization are involved in makingdecisions in an organization. With the approach in different approachin leadership styles, there has been diverse uses of power inleadership of organizations. The diverse approach to power, influenceand leadership has brought different scopes of power in organizationleaderships. Despite the dynamic nature of power and leadership inorganizations, leaders are needed to carefully think about theirpower and their use, for the benefit of their organizations (Pierroet al, 2013).

  1. Helpful Insights In Understanding My Personal Development

Powerpossession and effectively using it are two different aspects. Someof the essential elements that I have identified as helpful are theapplication of the different types of powers and especially as aneffective leader. Towards personal development and effective use ofthe different types of power both as an individual and as a leader,contributes to the effective achievement of intended objectives andgoals. Additionally, understanding power, sources and typescontributes to the making of an effective leadership. Additionally,wrongly use of power is simple. However, power and authority can beused effectively to differentiate an effective leader from just aleader. As an individual, some helpful insights include the keyelement of making relations a priority, as well as not to overplayone’s personal agenda. Moreover, as an individual, to effectivelyuse power among other people, ones is ought to maximize his/hercommunication network, as well as being generous with information. Inan organization setting, it’s always essential to make the most ofone’s position, through development of ones brand of charisma.

Betweenmen and women, power has been vied from varying points of views. Atsome point, it’s viewed as if women desire power less than men.However, it’s essential for both men and women to learn how toexplore the various types and forms of power. Despite the fight forequality among women and men in terms of influence and attainment ofpower, many organizations blocks avenues for women to realize theirpower and influence. The power held by an individual in anorganization is directly determined by the position he/she hold inthe organization. Additionally, the amount of power needed for aleader to be an effective leader is determined by the nature of theorganization (Pierroet al, 2013).

  1. Using The Information to Positively Influence Workmates

Possessionof power and authority gives one a direct impact to the people aroundhim/her. This in turn leads to either positively or negativelyimpacting them or in turn one being defined whether an effectiveleader or not. As an organization leader, the success of any leadersinfluence greatly depends on the manner in which power is exercised.With reference to effective leaders, they are likely to use power ina subtle and careful approach which is meant to minimize the statusdifferences and in turn avoids threats to the target persons orworkmates self-esteem. On the other hand, leaders who exercises powerin arrogant approach, domineering, manipulative manner are likely toengender resistance form their followers (Kathleen,2015).

Poweris the union between the leaders and the followers, and in turn canbe used to influence employees in organizations. One of the positiveaspects in an organization is that, it can be used to empoweremployees. For example through the use of reward power, employees arepositively influenced towards organization goals. Additionally, powercan be used to instill self-esteem among employees in anorganization. The relationship between the employees and theleaders/employer is essential for any organization success.Additionally, effective use of power establishes respect between theemployer and the employees through recognition of each otherresponsibilities.

Effectivedeployment of different bases of power helps workmates to developtheir talents within an organization, as well as giving them thepower to express their views towards the success of an organization.It’s through forms of power that, there are different leadershipstyles such as autocratic, participative, authoritarian, andtransformational among other forms of leadership. Each of theleadership style is associated with its merits as well as thebenefits to the employees and in turn helping the employee tocontribute in development and maintenance of an organization culture(Hogg&amp Knippenberg, 2003).

Inconclusion, there are different and diverse forms and types of power.The types of power as identified can be use together orindependently, however, the goals and the objectivity of anorganization depend on the type of power used. With the differenttypes of powers, leaders influence and success is determined as howwell they are able to influence their subordinates. The success of anorganization is as a result of organization power (legitimate,coercive and reward forms of powers) and personal power (expert andreferent powers), are direct determinant of the organizationsoutcomes such as employees behaviors, task completion, performanceamong their organization objectives. Nevertheless,the numerous bases of power should not be taken as different fromeach other. In many cases, leaders in organizations uses together,and in varying combinations dependent on the situation. Finally afresh concept of power, denoted to as “empowerment,” has become amain approach for improving work outcomes.

References

Pierro,A., Raven, B. H., Amato, C., &amp Bélanger, J. J. (2013). Bases ofsocial power, leadership

styles,and organizational commitment.&nbspInternationalJournal Of Psychology,&nbsp48(6),1122-1134.

Hogg,M. A., &amp Knippenberg, D. . (2003).&nbspLeadershipand power: Identity processes in groups

andorganizations.London [u.a.: Sage.

Schuh,S., Hernandez Bark, A., Van Quaquebeke, N., Hossiep, R., Frieg, P., &ampDick, R. (2014).

GenderDifferences in Leadership Role Occupancy: The Mediating Role of PowerMotivation.&nbspJournalOf Business Ethics,&nbsp120(3),363-379

GreenDennis, (1999), LeadershipAs A Function Of Power, ProposalManagement

SaulAlinsky, PowerAnd Politics In Schools,chapter 6, EducationalAdministration, 202-225

Frenchand Raven`s (2015) Five Forms of Power, understanding where powercomes from in the workplace.Retrieved on 5thfeb 2015. From:http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_56.htm

KathleenKelly, (2015) influence, power and politics getting past stereotypesthat limit womens

power.Retrieved on 5thFeb 2015. Fromhttp://bigthink.com/influence-power-politics/getting-past-stereotypes-that-limit-womens-power

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