Strategic National Risk Assessment

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StrategicNational Risk Assessment

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StrategicNational Risk Assessment

Thenational level threats and the hazards listed by the DHS focus arebased on the assessments of the WTAs. The list provides the hazardsand threats based on the analysis that leads to the deduction of therisk, with insight of the past events. This leads to risk ofdeviations from the analysis. The deviations are placing high riskthreats and hazards on the lower end of risk evaluation and low riskthreats to the top of the list. As a result, such deviations mayderail the response of the concerned authorities in case of the eventof the perceived risks and hazards happen.

Thedeductions about the national-level threats and hazards by SNRAshare the same assessment with WTA analysis. The natural hazards thatare placed at the top of the list reflect the practical threats thatwere described by the WTA. According to SNRA, the natural risks andhazards could happen due to unintentional and sometimes unexpectednational level events that risk the lives of many1.This assertion is in coherence with the WTA analysis of the naturalhazards as risks that cause greater damage than anticipated and leadto havoc, especially in urban areas2.

However,the WTA analysis and SNRA have discrepancies in the way they rank therisks in the lists. While the WTA analysis ranks cyber threats as themost dangerous, the SNRA ranks Natural threats and disasters as themost dangerous. At the bottom end of risk assessment, the two havedifferent perspectives of assessment. While the WTA analysis viewsregional threats as the ones with the least risk, the SNRA viewsadversarial and human-caused threats as the ones with the biggestthreats. This is as a result of the different perspectives that thetwo assessments have about the same level of threats.

TheSNRA ranking of the natural events that have occurred in Americasince 2006 is not logical. Taking the first as being the most riskyand the last as less risky, it is not logical to present the list asa reflection of the real threats that face the country and the worldat large. The most illogical element is to rank animal diseaseoutbreak at the top of the list as the most dangerous threat. Animaldisease is a second level threat when it comes to a direct threat tohuman beings. Unless human beings are prone to the animal diseasesuch as anthrax, the threat does not affect people directly, butindirectly through consuming meat from infected animals. In addition,the rank contravenes their own assessment that natural causes are themost risky as presented in the previous list3.

Inaddition, the list ranks human pandemic outbreak as the fourth mostdangerous hazard, instead of being the first. The human diseaseoutbreak hazard should be at the top of the list because it is thethreat that directly affects human beings and can be spread from oneperson to another. However, the rank of earthquake, flood, hurricaneand other natural disasters are well listed because of their threatto human life. According to SNRA, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions andwild fires take the least of the risk in the ranking4.This is because of the low prevalence rates and the ability to bepredicted and avoid massive loss of human life.

Bibliography

Clapper,J. R. (2014). Statementfor the Record Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US IntelligenceCommunity.Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. January 29, 2014

StrategicNational Risk Assessment, SNRA, 2011. The in Support of PPD 8: AComprehensive Risk-Based Approach toward a Secure and ResilientNation.December 2011

1 Strategic National Risk Assessment, SNRA, 2011. The in Support of PPD 8: A Comprehensive Risk-Based Approach toward a Secure and Resilient Nation. December 2011

2 Clapper, J. R. (2014). Statement for the Record Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US

Intelligence Community Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. January 29, 2014

3 Strategic National Risk Assessment, SNRA, 2011. The in

Support of PPD 8: A Comprehensive Risk-Based Approach toward a Secure and Resilient Nation. December 2011

4 Clapper, J. R. (2014). Statement for the Record Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US

Intelligence Community Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. January 29, 2014

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