Dimensionsof Change in Religion
Sincethe ancient times, religions as well as theological ideologies have away of change in the society. In the world today, there are quite anumber of facets of change in religions. Hinduism and Islam are quitefascinating religions that many researchers have found pleasure instudying them. Despite the fact that there is an emphasis on personalreligiousness, historical dimensions of the Hinduism is meticulouslyconnected with societal and political growths, such as the rise andfall of various monarchies as well as realms. The aim of this paperis to look at various dimensions of religion, especially the Hinduismreligion and a bit of Islam. Since religion and theology have becomepart and parcel of our daily lives, we ought to study their originand grasp the roots of these religions. The ancient history ofHinduism is the subject of much debate for a number of reasons. Thereare various eras and traditions that encamp round the Hinduismreligion. From this note, one must understand that Hinduism is notactually a single religion but holds various civilizations.
Thereare various eras that constitute the religion of Hinduism. One ofthese epochs is Vedic era. Verdict era occurred between 1500-500 BCE[ CITATION Gav09 l 1033 ].History has it that a couple of philosophies record the developmentsof ancient south Asia customs. Of the two philosophies, the secondone states that ‘Aryan culture is a development of the Indus Valleyculture’ [ CITATION Gav09 l 1033 ]. Onthis view, the Indus Valley culture was basically Vedic culture sinceAryans did not have any migrations or invasions. Hinduism changedfrom the Vedic era to the modern times through language andarchaeology. Vedic’s culture dialect was Vedic Sanskrit which wasas well used by other Indo-Europeans [ CITATION Gav09 l 1033 ]. Mostof the speakers of Vedic Sanskrit changed from their language oforigin into European languages. Vedic rites were so elaborate. Theserituals continue to the contemporary times, e.g. offering sacrificesto various Vedic gods known as ‘devas’. There were two reformersthat helped change Hinduism into modern times. The ‘HinduRenaissance’ development as well as Dayananda Sarasvati (1824-83)wanted to do away with superstitions of the Vedic era into moderntimes thus changing Hinduism [ CITATION Gav09 l 1033 ].
No!Caste system has not changed in India today! Being a worldwidereligion, Hinduism’s basic emphasis is on universal togetherness.It is quite unfortunate that such a huge religion is still fightingwith equality through the system of caste [ CITATION VJa12 l 1033 ].There are a few who are very rich and on the other hand more who areextremely poor. Familylineage is still highly practiced in India. If you come from an uppercaste, then you are supposed to marry or mingle with those from lowercaste. The caste system has not changed in India today. This isbecause there are a few more privileged Indians than others. Castesystem is seen to be the cause of India’s weakness. The system isstill practiced in India up to date and it divides people intodifferent groups and keeps them worlds apart. Racism anddiscrimination is still practiced in India until now [ CITATION VJa12 l 1033 ].Caste system has so much contributed into this. There is no democracyin India. What is there is what I can call ‘castocracy’. InIndia, leaders are elected on caste lines [ CITATION VJa12 l 1033 ].The black Indians don’t want to accept that they are black! Theyhaveso manycosmetics and the put on white make-ups just to turn theirskin color.
Inthe 15thcentury CE, Guru Nanak founded the religion of Sikhism. Sikhism is areligion whose foundation is based on monotheistic style. Thisreligion was founded in Punjab area of South Asia. Hinduism and Islamwere the main religions of South Asia during the ancient times.Sikhism evolved in response to changing historical circumstancesduring the time of the ten Gurus in various ways.Guru Nanak startedteachings that were different from Islam and Hinduism. This is whenthe Sikhism evolved. All the nine Gurus followed Nanak and henceforming the Sikh faith [ CITATION DrG11 l 1033 ].The Sikh fought a number of wars to sustain their faith after theGuru Arjan, the fifth Guru was executed in 1606 [ CITATION DrG11 l 1033 ].The sixth Guru sensitized the society to resist oppression. For quitesome time, the Sikh lived in peace until Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guruwas arrested and executed in 1675 by Aurangzeb [ CITATION DrG11 l 1033 ].Sikhswere then recreated as a military group known as Khalsain 1699 by the tenth Guru, Gobind Singh [ CITATION DrG11 l 1033 ].GobindSingh was the last human Guru and since then, Sikhs treat theirscriptures as their Guru,hence the birth of modern Sikhism. Singh Sabha reform movement in1873 played an important role in the definition of Sikh doctrine andpractice through its four aspects. These four aspects are theideology of the original movement, the level of achievement inpractices and the fall of the original movement. Modern Sikhism cameinto being through Sikh ideology, level of achievement right awayfrom the first Guru (Guru Nanak) to the tenth Guru (Guru GobindSingh). During this time, Sakhism became progressively industrializedas well as bonded [ CITATION DrG11 l 1033 ].The Singh Sabha movement made the Sikh community tobecome aware of their great religious as well as cultural heritage.The movement as well established the educational institutions onmodern lines as well as the publication of propagation of spiritualliteratures, which were not earlier on available [ CITATION VJa12 l 1033 ].
Buddhismhas changed ever since the times of Shakyamuni Buddha Gautama. BuddhaGautama lived in central India from 566 to 485 BCE [ CITATION Ale05 l 1033 ].Buddhismhas changed because of the way Buddha Gautama perceived life. BuddhaGautama wanted to know the nature of birth, aging sickness, death,rebirth, sadness and confusion by overcoming suffering [ CITATION Ale05 l 1033 ].Many Buddhists have followed into his footsteps thus creating achange in Buddhism.
Confucianismand Taoism are one of the largest religious dynasties in China.Confucianism is more of an ethical theory than a religion. In thetheory of the Chinese, ‘yin and yang’ are terms used to describehow contrary forces are complementary, linked and interdependent inthe natural world. Yin and yang become a crucial religious ethicsthrough the rooted ethics that the three groups share. This has aswell made the Chinese community to try and modernize themselves. Themodernity of Chinese is seen in the various religious movements,themes and ideas over time.
Thereare various aspects of Islam that have persisted from their birthtill now. Some of these aspects are polygamy, sharia law and to someextent, slavery. A Muslims man is allowed to marry up to for wives aslong as he has the ability to sustain all of them in the same manner.
Religionhas really created quite a number of dimensions of change, not onlyto it but to the society at large. People have various ways ofhandling things in the society all because of dimensions of change inreligion. From the above study, one can easily understand theHinduism, Buddhism and a bit of Islam religion.
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