Teaching Experience

TeachingExperience

Topic:Chlamydia and ways to prevent contracting STDs

Epidemiologicalrationale for Chlamydia

Chlamydiais one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It canaffect both women and men equally. However, the cause in women ismore disastrous as it can cause fertility problems, pelvicinflammation, and chronic pelvic pain. This disease is the mostfrequently reported sexually transmitted infection in US. It isestimated that approximately 2.86 million cases occurs each year.There are several cases where the condition is not reported becausesome people do not undergo testing. This infection is very commonamong young people aged between 14-24 years. Statistics reveal thatfor every 1 out of the 15 infected females are between 14 to 19 yearsof age (Epidemiologyof women`s health,2014).

Chlamydiais caused by sexual contact with vagina, penis, anus or mouth of aninfected partner. It is worth noting that ejaculation does not haveto occur for one to become infected. The infection can also betransmitted from mother to the baby when giving birth. People whohave had this infection and got treated can be re-infected if theycontinue having sexual contact with an infected person. Sexuallyactive young people and especially teenagers are at a great risk ofcontracting this condition. This is because young people do not usecondoms consistently and are more likely to move from onerelationship to another. Teenage girls have a cervical ectopy, whichincreases the vulnerability of contracting the infection. Inaddition, young people face myriad barriers for obtaining STDprevention services. Some of these barriers include perceived stigmaand cost (Breguet, 2006).

Itis essential for teenagers to become informed about sexuallytransmitted infections because they are at a great risk. Further,some diseases such as Chlamydia is a silent disease that goesunnoticed for a long time. The infection may spread to the upperreproductive system and cause massive damages without the infectedperson noticing the signs. Teenagers who are sexually active shouldget tested for this condition regularly because they may notexperience the signs immediately. The surest way to avoid Chlamydiais abstaining from any form of sex or use protection every time onehas sexual activity. Therefore, those who are sexually active and donot use protection should get tested every year to ascertain thatthey are not suffering from the condition (Hitchcock, Schubert &ampThomas, 2003).

Nursingdiagnosis of Chlamydia

Chlamydiaaffects both men and women however, more women are more affectedthan men. 1 out of 4 men suffering from Chlamydia show no symptoms.This infection in men may exhibit symptoms similar to gonorrhea suchas rectal discharge or pain, testicular tenderness, penis discharge,and burning sensation when passing urine. On the other hand, 30percent of women experience symptoms such as painful sexualintercourse, burning sensation when passing urine, rectal pain ordischarge, discharge in the vagina, and symptoms of liverinflammation.

Thenursing diagnosis for Chlamydia includes the following:

  • Acute pain- the pain is related to itching and burning

  • Anxiety- people who have a lengthy healing process may suffer from anxiety

  • Low self esteem- this is caused by feelings of shame as a result of the infection. Likewise, people may face ineffective capacity to cope with the infection due to associated stigma.

  • Sexual dysfunction- there are some limitations caused by the infection. These include low libido, fatigue, depression, and fear of being rejected by a partner.

  • Risk for infection- people are exposed to factors of disease transmission

  • Lack of adequate knowledge- there are a number of teenagers who have little knowledge concerning the condition.

Teenagerreadiness for learning

Teenagersrisk for contracting Chlamydia is high due to lack of sufficientknowledge of the condition. They also have a poor judgment withregard to sexual matters as many end up having unprotected sex.Teenagers are in a crucial stage where they learn new thingstherefore, if armed with the right knowledge on STDs, they can actappropriately and make better judgments. Lack of proper knowledge onSTDs and specifically Chlamydia is one of the factors that lead tomany incidences of this condition. It should be noted that teenagersare constantly experimenting new things including sexual activities.As such, it is essential to stop them from making wrong choices thatmay cause infections and jeopardize their wellbeing. Teenagers needto be constantly reminded of having safe sex or abstaining to preventthem from contracting infections that are sexually related. Constanttrainings can help greatly in helping teenagers from engaging inrisky behaviors that may consequently lead to sexually transmittedinfections.

Utilizationof learning theory

Thelearning theory can be applied by providing of useful informationthat teenagers can easily relate with. This will also includepresenting of real life situations that the learners can review andhold discussions about them. It is more impactful to provide reallife situations so the teenagers can identify with them. Use ofpictures and models to show the area where the disease affects can behelpful in the learning process. Teenagers are likely to take thingsmore serious if they see real life examples. In addition, thelearning environment should be safe and inviting so that teenagerscan feel comfortable in asking crucial questions without feel shy,being judged, and feeling a sense of prejudice. In this case, theeducator will introduce the topic and ask the learners to feel freeto ask questions without fear.

Goal

Thegoal of this learning experience focuses on healthy people 2020(HP2020), which has many objectives. The objective of HP2020 in thislearning experience is wellbeing of adolescents and young adults.Teaching people about Chlamydia, which is one of the diseases thataffect young adults and adolescents, will help greatly in meeting thesaid objective. Further this objective relates to the Alma Ata’shealth for all. When the health of young people is put intoconsideration, it helps them to grow into adults with good health andknowledge of how to prevent themselves from common diseases. Youngpeople need to be prepared to face the future with full knowledge ofthe common illnesses and how to prevent their occurrences. This willessentially lead to a community of healthy people both locally andinternationally.

Behaviorobjectives

Behavior objective and domain

Content

Strategies/methods

Teenagers will acquire relevant knowledge for preventing the contraction and spread of Chlamydia by making a good judgment of their health

Teenagers will abstain from sexual activities or choose safer methods

Provide them with a pamphlet with all the necessary information on Chlamydia and other STDs. It will offer guidance for making the right decision and measures of prevention. Interactive discussion where questions and answers are asked is crucial

Teenagers will acquire knowledge on how to be safe from risky sexual activities

Teenagers need to be safe and not engage in risky relationships

A pamphlet with information on how to engage in safe relationships will be availed. Teenagers will also be taught on how to stay safe and signs of a bad relationship that can lead to sexual assault

Teenagers need to identify the symptoms of Chlamydia

Teenagers need to understand some of the major signs of the infection so that they can seek medical attention

Demonstration and provision of pamphlets will be used. Questions and answers forum also helps to understand the symptoms better

Teenagers should know when to take tests

They should take tests once a year if they are sexually active. They should also get a test after having unprotected sex and or when they suspect or experience the symptoms of an STD

Direct instruction method and provision of a handout with relevant information

Creativity

Teachingteenagers and talking about a sensitive issue requires a high levelof creativity. A good introduction and asking the teenagers to feelcomfortable can help a lot in setting the atmosphere for learning. Itis then essential to make the information clear and simple and aimstraight to the audience. After introducing and talking about thedisease, it would be wise t have an open discussion where teenagerscan discuss and ask probing questions. This session will help inmaking the learning experience more meaningful and impactful.

Plannedevaluation of objectives

  1. Knowledge: evaluate the teenagers for their willingness to learn the topic of STDs and Chlamydia. This includes how they are willing to open up to safe sex and the means of preventing the spread and contraction of STDs.

  2. Reduce risk: inform teenagers on various options of getting tested and avail several alternatives on where they should get tested. This will also involve helping them on where to get tested.

  3. Readiness for change- forming groups and participating in the discussions regarding sexual behavior change.

  4. Reduction of number of teenagers contracting STDs: this will be achieved by comparing both the local and state health statistics

Plannedevaluation of goal

Iwill evaluate the responsiveness of teenage information in thepamphlets as well as the learning environment created. The activeparticipation of teens in discussions of STDs without prejudice andshame will show the receptiveness of teen to the information availed.

Barriers

Themain barriers one is likely to encounter teaching teenagers aboutsexual related issues is feeling shamed to talk openly about it. Tosolve such a case, I will give out my contacts where teenagers canreach me for further inquiries on things they would not dare ask inpublic.

Communication

Iwill begin my presentation by warm greetings and trying tofamiliarize with the teenagers present. I will then introduce thetopic and ask the teenagers to talk freely on the topic withoutfeeling shy. I will ensure that the environment is quite and freefrom distractions so that teenagers can discuss their issues openly.Eye contact with the teenagers and assuring them that discussingabout sexual issues is crucial for everyone. I will also allowstudents to ask questions and discuss answers without feeling shy.

References

Breguet,A. (2006). Chlamydia.New York: Rosen Pub. Group.

Epidemiologyof women`s health.(2014). Burlington, MA: Jones &amp Bartlett Learning.

Hitchcock,J. E., Schubert, P. E., &amp Thomas, S. A. (2003). Communityhealth nursing: Caring in action.Australia: Thomson/Delmar Learning.

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