The pace of life in 31 countries
THE PACE OF LIFE IN 31 COUNTRIES 6
Thepace of life in 31 countries
InLevine and Norenzayan (1999), theauthorscarriedout the study in 31 countriesinternationallytocomparethepaceof lifein differentregions.Thestudymeasuredthree variables that includedthewalking speedof people,speedat which postalclerksrespondedto simplerequestsandtheaccuracyof publicclocks.Theresearchersconcluded thatthepaceof lifeis fastest in Japan andeasternEuropean countriesandslowestin economically underdevelopedcountries.Thepaceof lifewashigherin coldcountriesas comparedto thewarmcountries(Levine & Norenzayan, 1999). Thisabstractlacksa conciseheadinganda statementof theproblemthat is supposedto givethestudya direction.
Accordingto “Thepaceof lifein 31 countries”authors,onlya fewresearchers haveconducteda studyon thepaceof lifein differentcountries.Thosewhohavedoneithaveincludeda verysmallnumberof countries,which liein thesamegeographicalarea.Theresearchers decidedto widenthescopeto determinethereasonsforthevaryingspeedin thepaceof life.Researchers hadidentifiedseveralfactorsin thepastresearchthat includethesizeof thecity,sizeof thepopulationanda city’sculture.The purpose of the study was evaluating whether thepaceof lifein different countriescould be the reason the cause of their wealth difference.
Thestudysoughtto identifythevariationsin thedifferentcountries,establish their possible causes, anddeterminethepossibleconsequencesof suchvariationsusing qualitative research method. The researchers collected datausing survey method. They drafted an open-ended questionnaire basedon six hypotheses. The hypotheses included:
1.Themorepotentiala cityhas economically, thehigherthepaceof life2.Hotterplaceshaveslowerpacesof life3.Capitalistic citieshavea fasterpaceof life4.Citieswith highpopulationshavehigherpacesof life5.Citieswith highpaceof liferecordhigherdeathsdue to coronary heartcomplications6.Smokingratesare higherin citieswith higherpaceof life
Datacollectioninvolvedtheengagementof willingandresponsiblepeoplein thebigcitiesandthosetravellingfrom thebigcities.Therationaleforcollectingdata in largecitiesis thattheyhavecross-cultural characteristic.College-age youthdrawnfrom theseplacescollectedthedata. Theywerefirsttrainedon thetechniquesof data collectionbefore beingreleasedinto thefield(Levine & Norenzayan, 1999, p. 180).There is noindicationof thesampling methodusedin thisstudy.Theinclusionandexclusioncriteriaare alsomissing.Theseare importantin drawingtheboundariesto which thestudyshould extend(Beyea & Nicoll, 1998, p. 1046).
Japanrecordedthehighestpaceof lifefollowedby westernEuropean countries.Thecoldcountriesalsorecordedhigherpacesof lifethan thewarmercountries.Theresultsof thetree variables werecorrelatedusinga one-tailed testin allof them. Theywereten rankedaccordingto e score.
Theresearchers dida correlationbetween thepaceof lifeandothercharacteristicsof life.Theapproachcould be avoidedbearingin mindthebignumberof variables that neededtesting(Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).Thesecharacteristicscould not be testedby thethree variables. Their resultscamefrom interviewsandfrom nationalsurveys.Thenumberof hypothesestestedin thisresearchwasbig,andthismust havemadedata analysiscumbersome. Afewcomprehensivevariables could havebeenusedto maketheworkeasier(Kothari, 2011, p. 65).
Dataanalysisupheldsomehypothesisandat thesametimefailedto provideconclusionstoothers.Thepaceof lifewasobservedto be higherin citieswith highereconomicpotential. Itwasalsohigherin coldplacesandcapitalistic cities.There wasnorelationshipfoundbetween populationsizeandthepaceof life(Hendricks& Barrington, 1990, p.82). Thenumberof deathsdue to cardiovascular heartproblemswashighincitieswitha fastpaceof lifethat wasdue to smoking(Levine & Norenzayan, 1999, p.203). The research was notall-inclusive since there are numerous issues that should beaddressed in the study. This implies that further research isessential to understand the effect of large population, poverty,high education standards, geographical location and the culture ofpeople, among other things, on the fast pace of life. Besides,additional studies would be necessary to comprehend the reasons
Inconclusion, the research portrays that the pace of life is higher incapitalistic and wealthier countries compared to the social andeconomically poor nations. This supports the thesis of the study thatthepaceof lifein different countriescould be the reason the cause of their wealth difference.
Beyea,S. C., & Nicoll, L. H. (1998). Dispellingthemyththat researchanswersallquestions.AORNJournal,68(6), 1044-1047.Creswell, J. W. (2013). Researchdesign:Qualitative, quantitative, andmixedmethodsapproaches.Sagepublications:New York.
Hendricks,B., Kim, M., & Barrighton, L. (1990). Dimensionsof Psychological Research. TopicalArticles,17(2), 76-85.
Kothari,C. R. (2011). Researchmethodology: methodsandtechniques.New Age International: New Delhi.
Levine,R., & Norenzayan, A. (1999). Thepaceof lifein 31 countries.Journalof Cross-Cultural Psychology,30(2), 178-205.