The Temperance Movement
Thetemperance movement that occurred from 19thto early 20thcenturies aimed at encouraging moderation in liquor consumption, aswell as press for total abstinence in the alcohol intake. Majority ofthe members were women who had, together with their children, enduredthe stresses and strains of heavy drinking from their husbands(Berkovitch, 2012). In fact, a lot of people blamed alcohol forcausing society demerits, such as crimes, severe health problems, anddestitution. In this regards, the discourse assesses the “TheTemperance Movement” especially its rise and spread during 19thcentury.
Temperanceefforts were extant in the past, but the movement primarily came intobeing because of the persistent consumption of modern times distilledbeverages (Owens, 2014). The pledge of abstinence was promulgated inthe United States by various preachers, specifically John BartholomewGough, in the early 1800s. The American society that was meant topromote the temperance was interdenominational (Berkovitch, 2012Bolt, 2014). In fact, Bolt (2014) asserts that the group achieved thedetermination of the promotion because by 1830s over 6,000 homegrown“Temperance Groups” were running effectively in the UnitedStates. People usually regard this as the “First Reform Era” andthe period run through the 1830s- 40s, was an inclusive humanitarianreform period. Clarity
Owen(2014) contends that international co-operation was one of the maintemperance movement’s features. Majority of people believe that thefirst group in U.S to acquire that facet was the “Order of the GoodTemplars,” instituted in 1851 in Utica, New York, later findingroot in other parts of the globe (Berkovitch, 2012 Owen, 2014). Other groups such as Woman’s Christian Temperance Union laterfollowed. Some of the key figures linked with the temperance movementin US were Frances E. Willard, Susan B. Anthony, and Carry A.Conclusively, the movement aimed at energizing study and instructionof anti-alcoholism.
Berkovitch,N. (2012). Women`s Movement (s), Transnational. TheWiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization.
Bolt,C. (2014). TheWomen`s Movements in the United States and Britain from the 1790s tothe 1920s.Routledge.
Owens,E. G. (2014). The American Temperance Movement and Market-BasedViolence. AmericanLaw and Economics Review, 16(2),433-472.