Topic Criminology

Running heading: Criminology


Question one

JohnBraithwaite, a distinguished Professor, developed new mechanisms foridentifying and addressing shame. He used two forms that includereintegrative shaming that allows the offender to be later readmittedinto the group. Reintegrative shaming directly discourages crime andparticipation in the criminal subculture (Stolley, 2012). Offendersare accepted back into the community they subscribe to through wordsand gestures of forgiveness. The other type of shaming isdisintegrative shaming that creates permanent stigma that allowsparticipation in criminal subcultures and, as a result, high crimerate. Disintegrative occurs when the offender is denounced asunworthy of the community and no forgiveness. Disintegrative isbetter in preventing repeat of the offence than reintegrative(Schmalleger, 2012).

Question two

Conflictperspective assumes that social life is formed by individuals whostruggle to compete with one another for various resources andrewards. It led to the distribution of power, wealth, and prestige insocieties. It forms daily life as well as racial, ethnic, genderinequality and relations among countries and regions of the world(Einstadter &amp Henry 2012).Pluralistic approach is conflict for personal interest. It ismostly between managers and workers over the distribution of profitsas normal and inescapable. Consequently, the power of managementwould lean less towards enforcing and controlling.

Consensusperspectives hold society together by allowing it to functionsmoothly. In this aspect, the law is a right need for all in society(Rowman et al., 2012). Thelaw helps to maintain the society into running well by enforcingrules that a society has formed together over time. All perspectivesare similar since they focus on resolving conflict throughpeacekeeping activities of un-biasness. The views differ sinceconflict focuses on inequality pluralistic focuses on themanipulative managers on the contrary consensus focus on well-beingof the society. Consensus most accurately reflects my view of thecorporation because the law helps to enhance the society to run wellbecause it enforces rules that a community has developed togetherover time (Schmalleger, 2012).


Schmalleger,F. (2012). Criminologytoday: An integrative introduction (6th ed).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall

Einstadter,W. J., &amp Henry, S. (2012).&nbspCriminologicaltheory: An analysis of its underlying assumptions.Lanham, Md:

Rowman&amp Littlefield. Vito, G. F. (2012).&nbspCriminology.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Stolley,K. S. (2011).&nbspThebasics of sociology.Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

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