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TheRoman Empire

TheRoman is among theoldestundisputedsustainedandpoliticalandmilitarydominationof one people,activeseekingworldgovernance that existedbetween 652 B.C up to AD476 (Markel 23). At 753 B.C, Rome wasbarelyan empire,controllingothertownssuchas Italy by 260 B.C. By 241 B.C, theempirehadgrownto controlvariousprovinces,suchas Corsica, Sardinia andSicily, after their firstwarwith Carthage. Itwasnot until 201 B.C that Rome is consideredan empireafter their victoryin thesecondPunic war(Markel 45). Thefallof theRoman Empire ismarkedby theAustin of thelastemperor,Augustus Romulus, in AD476. (Criswell 78) Thispaperexemplifiesthevariousfactorsthat ledto theriseandfallof theRoman Empire from 625 B.C to AD476.

Theriseof Rome to an empireisattributedto thesystemof government,militarymightandEconomic superiorityof theempire(Markel 65). After conqueringnewterritories,Romans extendedtheRoman citizenry rightsandprivilegesto theconqueredpersons.Theyprovidedgoodgovernance, reasonablejusticesystemandsecurityto conqueredterritories,leadingto theexpansionof thekingdom.TheExtended rightsandprivilegesledto unityandnationalism,preventingcivilwarswithin theKingdom (Markel 67). TheRoman Empire wasa stateratherthan tyranny,governedby theRoman Senate, which guaranteedcitizenry rightsandfreedom,promotingnationalismandunitywithin theempire.Thismadetheempirethebetteralternativeforpeoplefrom other kingdoms,suchas Cyrene andPergamum, as theyfledthewildbarbariansandothertyranniesof thetime.Additionally, theRoman Empire hadan elaborateandwellequippedmilitarythat ledto manyvictories(Criswell 73). The Roman Empire won over Italy in 260 B.C., Carthagein241B.C andtheSecond Punic War in 201B.C. ThearmydefeatedtheEtruscans, theSamnites, theGreeks, Syrians andMacedon, provingits militarymight.In mostcases,theRoman victorywasaugment by citizensof theattackedterritories,whojoinedtheRoans to resisttheir tyrannicalgovernments(Markel 78).

Oneof themajorfactorsleadingto thefallof theRoman Empire wastheincreasedmigrationas peoplesetout to seeknewsettling areas(Markel 98). Additionally, Rome hadits fairshareof bademperors,suchas Nero, Caligula andCommodus, whosereigns weremarredby corruption,tyrannyandmurders,which threatenedthekingdom.Theempirewassweptby variouseconomictroubles,suchas increasedtaxationandinflationleadingto internalstrikes.Theseweakenedtheempirefrom within.In thelatethirdcentury,theEmpire wasdividedinto easternandwesternempiresby Emperor Diocletian to easegovernance. Instead,thedivisionledto internalsquabblesover resources,weakeningtheempire.Theriseof Christianity in A.D313 ledto thelossof traditionalvaluesuchas a polytheistic religion.Thisshiftedthefocusof gloryof thekingandthestateonto soledeity,weakeningtheempire(Criswell 103).

Romanmilitarywasone of theimportantaspectsthat ledto riseof theempire.However,thearmywasunableto recruitenoughsoldiersto securetheempirefrom externalandinternalattacks.Emperorslike Constantine andDiocletian hiredforeignmercenariesto assassinatemilitaryheadswhothreatenedtheir reigns. Thispropped up themilitary,leadingto disharmony, disloyaltyandinternalrebellions.Further,theKingdom wasincreasinglyattackedby theBarbarians tribes,leadingto militarylossandweakeningtheempire.In AD410, theVisigoth King attackedthecityof Rome, weakeningtheempire.Thecitywasagainattackedin AD455 by theVandals andin AD476 by theGermanic leader,deposingEmperor, markingthefallof thekingdomCriswell 257).

Asaforementioned, theRoman systemof government,militarymight,economicstabilityandstrategiclocationare among thefactorsthat contributedto theriseof theRoman Empire from 753B.C. After its increaseddomination,theempiredeclineddueto increasedpoorgovernance, attacksfrom barbariccommunitiesandeconomicinstabilities.Additionally theriseof Christianity, as well as the divisionof theempireinto easternandthewesternempires,weakenedtheRoman empire.However,itwastheattackandoustingof EmperorAugustusRomulus in A.D 476 by a Germanic leaderthat markedthefallof theEmpire.

WorksCited

Criswell,David. TheRise and Fall of the Holy Roman Empire. NewYork:Publish America, 2005. Print

Markel,Rita J. TheFall of the Roman Empire.Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books, 2008. Print.

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